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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24

تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

لوقا [14] Luke
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Chapter Summary
1 وَإِذْ جَاءَ إِلَى بَيْتِ أَحَدِ رُؤَسَاءِ الْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ فِي السَّبْتِ لِيَأْكُلَ خُبْزًا، كَانُوا يُرَاقِبُونَهُ.1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.
2 وَإِذَا إِنْسَانٌ مُسْتَسْق كَانَ قُدَّامَهُ.2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.
3 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَكَلَّمَ النَّامُوسِيِّينَ وَالْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ قِائِلاً:«هَلْ يَحِلُّ الإِبْرَاءُ فِي السَّبْتِ؟»3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
4 فَسَكَتُوا. فَأَمْسَكَهُ وَأَبْرَأَهُ وَأَطْلَقَهُ.4 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;
5 ثُمَّ أجَابَهم وَقَالَ:«مَنْ مِنْكُمْ يَسْقُطُ حِمَارُهُ أَوْ ثَوْرُهُ فِي بِئْرٍ وَلاَ يَنْشُلُهُ حَالاً فِي يَوْمِ السَّبْتِ؟»5 And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?
6 فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يُجِيبُوهُ عَنْ ذلِكَ.6 And they could not answer him again to these things.
7 وَقَالَ لِلْمَدْعُوِّينَ مَثَلاً، وَهُوَ يُلاَحِظُ كَيْفَ اخْتَارُوا الْمُتَّكَآتِ الأُولَى قِائِلاً لَهُمْ:7 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them.
8 «مَتَى دُعِيتَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَى عُرْسٍ فَلاَ تَتَّكِئْ فِي الْمُتَّكَإِ الأَوَّلِ، لَعَلَّ أَكْرَمَ مِنْكَ يَكُونُ قَدْ دُعِيَ مِنْهُ.8 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
9 فَيَأْتِيَ الَّذِي دَعَاكَ وَإِيَّاهُ وَيَقُولَ لَكَ: أَعْطِ مَكَانًا لِهذَا. فَحِينَئِذٍ تَبْتَدِئُ بِخَجَل تَأْخُذُ الْمَوْضِعَ الأَخِيرَ.9 And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.
10 بَلْ مَتَى دُعِيتَ فَاذْهَبْ وَاتَّكِئْ فِي الْمَوْضِعِ الأَخِيرِ، حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ الَّذِي دَعَاكَ يَقُولُ لَكَ: يَا صَدِيقُ، ارْتَفِعْ إِلَى فَوْقُ. حِينَئِذٍ يَكُونُ لَكَ مَجْدٌ أَمَامَ الْمُتَّكِئِينَ مَعَكَ.10 But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee.
11 لأَنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ يَرْفَعُ نَفْسَهُ يَتَّضِعُ وَمَنْ يَضَعُ نَفْسَهُ يَرْتَفِعُ»11 For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
12 وَقَالَ أَيْضًا لِلَّذِي دَعَاهُ:«إِذَا صَنَعْتَ غَدَاءً أَوْ عَشَاءً فَلاَ تَدْعُ أَصْدِقَاءَكَ وَلاَ إِخْوَتَكَ وَلاَ أَقْرِبَاءَكَ وَلاَ الْجِيرَانَ الأَغْنِيَاءَ، لِئَلاَّ يَدْعُوكَ هُمْ أَيْضًا، فَتَكُونَ لَكَ مُكَافَاةٌ.12 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee.
13 بَلْ إِذَا صَنَعْتَ ضِيَافَةً فَادْعُ: الْمَسَاكِينَ، الْجُدْعَ، الْعُرْجَ، الْعُمْيَ، 13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:
14 فَيَكُونَ لَكَ الطُّوبَى إِذْ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ حَتَّى يُكَافُوكَ، لأَنَّكَ تُكَافَى فِي قِيَامَةِ الأَبْرَارِ».14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
15 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ ذلِكَ وَاحِدٌ مِنَ الْمُتَّكِئِينَ قَالَ لَهُ:«طُوبَى لِمَنْ يَأْكُلُ خُبْزًا فِي مَلَكُوتِ اللهِ».15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16 فَقَالَ لَهُ:«إِنْسَانٌ صَنَعَ عَشَاءً عَظِيمًا وَدَعَا كَثِيرِينَ،16 Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many:
17 وَأَرْسَلَ عَبْدَهُ فِي سَاعَةِ الْعَشَاءِ لِيَقُولَ لِلْمَدْعُوِّينَ: تَعَالَوْا لأَنَّ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ قَدْ أُعِدَّ.17 And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.
18 فَابْتَدَأَ الْجَمِيعُ بِرَأْيٍ وَاحِدٍ يَسْتَعْفُونَ. قَالَ لَهُ الأَوَّلُ: إِنِّي اشْتَرَيْتُ حَقْلاً، وَأَنَا مُضْطَرٌّ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ وَأَنْظُرَهُ. أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُعْفِيَنِي.18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.
19 وَقَالَ آخَرُ: إِنِّي اشْتَرَيْتُ خَمْسَةَ أَزْوَاجِ بَقَرٍ، وَأَنَا مَاضٍ لأَمْتَحِنَهَا. أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُعْفِيَنِي.19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.
20 وَقَالَ آخَرُ: إِنِّي تَزَوَّجْتُ بِامْرَأَةٍ، فَلِذلِكَ لاَ أَقْدِرُ أَنْ أَجِيءَ.20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21 فَأَتَى ذلِكَ الْعَبْدُ وَأَخْبَرَ سَيِّدَهُ بِذلِكَ. حِينَئِذٍ غَضِبَ رَبُّ الْبَيْتِ، وَقَالَ لِعَبْدِهِ: اخْرُجْ عَاجِلاً إِلَى شَوَارِعِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَأَزِقَّتِهَا، وَأَدْخِلْ إِلَى هُنَا الْمَسَاكِينَ وَالْجُدْعَ وَالْعُرْجَ وَالْعُمْيَ.21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
22 فَقَالَ الْعَبْدُ: يَا سَيِّدُ، قَدْ صَارَ كَمَا أَمَرْتَ، وَيُوجَدُ أَيْضًا مَكَانٌ.22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23 فَقَالَ السَّيِّدُ لِلْعَبْدِ: اخْرُجْ إِلَى الطُّرُقِ وَالسِّيَاجَاتِ وَأَلْزِمْهُمْ بِالدُّخُولِ حَتَّى يَمْتَلِئَ بَيْتِي،23 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24 لأَنِّي أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ أُولئِكَ الرِّجَالِ الْمَدْعُوِّينَ يَذُوقُ عَشَائِي».24 For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
25 وَكَانَ جُمُوعٌ كَثِيرَةٌ سَائِرِينَ مَعَهُ، فَالْتَفَتَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:25 And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto them,
26 «إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ يَأْتِي إِلَيَّ وَلاَ يُبْغِضُ أَبَاهُ وَأُمَّهُ وَامْرَأَتَهُ وَأَوْلاَدَهُ وَإِخْوَتَهُ وَأَخَوَاتِهِ، حَتَّى نَفْسَهُ أَيْضًا، فَلاَ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لِي تِلْمِيذًا.26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
27 وَمَنْ لاَ يَحْمِلُ صَلِيبَهُ وَيَأْتِي وَرَائِي فَلاَ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لِي تِلْمِيذًا.27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
28 وَمَنْ مِنْكُمْ وَهُوَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَبْنِيَ بُرْجًا لاَ يَجْلِسُ أَوَّلاً وَيَحْسِبُ النَّفَقَةَ، هَلْ عِنْدَهُ مَا يَلْزَمُ لِكَمَالِهِ؟28 For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?
29 لِئَلاَّ يَضَعَ الأَسَاسَ وَلاَ يَقْدِرَ أَنْ يُكَمِّلَ، فَيَبْتَدِئَ جَمِيعُ النَّاظِرِينَ يَهْزَأُونَ بِهِ،29 Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him,
30 قَائِلِينَ: هذَا الإِنْسَانُ ابْتَدَأَ يَبْنِي وَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ أَنْ يُكَمِّلَ.30 Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish.
31 وَأَيُّ مَلِكٍ إِنْ ذَهَبَ لِمُقَاتَلَةِ مَلِكٍ آخَرَ فِي حَرْبٍ، لاَ يَجْلِسُ أَوَّلاً وَيَتَشَاوَرُ: هَلْ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُلاَقِيَ بِعَشَرَةِ آلاَفٍ الَّذِي يَأْتِي عَلَيْهِ بِعِشْرِينَ أَلْفًا؟31 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
32 وَإِلاَّ فَمَا دَامَ ذلِكَ بَعِيدًا، يُرْسِلُ سِفَارَةً وَيَسْأَلُ مَا هُوَ لِلصُّلْحِ.32 Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.
33 فَكَذلِكَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ لاَ يَتْرُكُ جَمِيعَ أَمْوَالِهِ، لاَ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لِي تِلْمِيذًا.33 So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.
34 «اَلْمِلْحُ جَيِّدٌ. وَلكِنْ إِذَا فَسَدَ الْمِلْحُ، فَبِمَاذَا يُصْلَحُ؟34 Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned?
35 لاَ يَصْلُحُ لأَرْضٍ وَلاَ لِمَزْبَلَةٍ، فَيَطْرَحُونَهُ خَارِجًا. مَنْ لَهُ أُذُنَانِ لِلسَّمْعِ، فَلْيَسْمَعْ».35 It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
جُدْع
مفردها أجدع: مقطوع الأنف أو أحد أعضاء الجسم.