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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

لوقا [19] Luke
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Chapter Summary
1 ثُمَّ دَخَلَ وَاجْتَازَ فِي أَرِيحَا.1 And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
2 وَإِذَا رَجُلٌ اسْمُهُ زَكَّا، وَهُوَ رَئِيسٌ لِلْعَشَّارِينَ وَكَانَ غَنِيًّا،2 And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
3 وَطَلَبَ أَنْ يَرَى يَسُوعَ مَنْ هُوَ، وَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ مِنَ الْجَمْعِ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ قَصِيرَ الْقَامَةِ.3 And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature.
4 فَرَكَضَ مُتَقَدِّمًا وَصَعِدَ إِلَى جُمَّيْزَةٍ لِكَيْ يَرَاهُ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ مُزْمِعًا أَنْ يَمُرَّ مِنْ هُنَاكَ.4 And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
5 فَلَمَّا جَاءَ يَسُوعُ إِلَى الْمَكَانِ، نَظَرَ إِلَى فَوْقُ فَرَآهُ، وَقَالَ لَهُ:«يَا زَكَّا، أَسْرِعْ وَانْزِلْ، لأَنَّهُ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ أَمْكُثَ الْيَوْمَ فِي بَيْتِكَ».5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house.
6 فَأَسْرَعَ وَنَزَلَ وَقَبِلَهُ فَرِحًا.6 And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.
7 فَلَمَّا رَأَى الْجَمِيعُ ذلِكَ تَذَمَّرُوا قَائِلِينَ: «إِنَّهُ دَخَلَ لِيَبِيتَ عِنْدَ رَجُل خَاطِئٍ».7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
8 فَوَقَفَ زَكَّا وَقَالَ لِلرَّبِّ:«هَا أَنَا يَارَبُّ أُعْطِي نِصْفَ أَمْوَالِي لِلْمَسَاكِينِ، وَإِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ وَشَيْتُ بِأَحَدٍ أَرُدُّ أَرْبَعَةَ أَضْعَافٍ». 8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
9 فَقَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«الْيَوْمَ حَصَلَ خَلاَصٌ لِهذَا الْبَيْتِ، إِذْ هُوَ أَيْضًا ابْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ،9 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
10 لأَنَّ ابْنَ الإِنْسَانِ قَدْ جَاءَ لِكَيْ يَطْلُبَ وَيُخَلِّصَ مَا قَدْ هَلَكَ».10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
11 وَإِذْ كَانُوا يَسْمَعُونَ هذَا عَادَ فَقَالَ مَثَلاً، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ قَرِيبًا مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَكَانُوا يَظُنُّونَ أَنَّ مَلَكُوتَ اللهِ عَتِيدٌ أَنْ يَظْهَرَ فِي الْحَالِ.11 And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.
12 فَقَالَ:«إِنْسَانٌ شَرِيفُ الْجِنْسِ ذَهَبَ إِلَى كُورَةٍ بَعِيدَةٍ لِيَأْخُذَ لِنَفْسِهِ مُلْكًا وَيَرْجعَ.12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
13 فَدَعَا عَشَرَةَ عَبِيدٍ لَهُ وَأَعْطَاهُمْ عَشَرَةَ أَمْنَاءٍ، وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: تَاجِرُوا حَتَّى آتِيَ. 13 And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
14 وَأَمَّا أَهْلُ مَدِينَتِهِ فَكَانُوا يُبْغِضُونَهُ، فَأَرْسَلُوا وَرَاءَهُ سَفَارَةً قَائِلِينَ: لاَ نُرِيدُ أَنَّ هذَا يَمْلِكُ عَلَيْنَا. 14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
15 وَلَمَّا رَجَعَ بَعْدَمَا أَخَذَ الْمُلْكَ، أَمَرَ أَنْ يُدْعَى إِلَيْهِ أُولئِكَ الْعَبِيدُ الَّذِينَ أَعْطَاهُمُ الْفِضَّةَ، لِيَعْرِفَ بِمَا تَاجَرَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ.15 And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
16 فَجَاءَ الأَوَّلُ قَائِلاً: يَا سَيِّدُ، مَنَاكَ رَبحَ عَشَرَةَ أَمْنَاءٍ.16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.
17 فَقَالَ لَهُ: نِعِمَّا أَيُّهَا الْعَبْدُ الصَّالِحُ! لأَنَّكَ كُنْتَ أَمِينًا فِي الْقَلِيلِ، فَلْيَكُنْ لَكَ سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى عَشْرِ مُدْنٍ.17 And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.
18 ثُمَّ جَاءَ الثَّانِي قَائِلاً: يَا سَيِّدُ، مَنَاكَ عَمِلَ خَمْسَةَ أَمْنَاءٍ.18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.
19 فَقَالَ لِهذَا أَيْضًا: وَكُنْ أَنْتَ عَلَى خَمْسِ مُدْنٍ.19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
20 ثُمَّ جَاءَ آخَرُ قَائِلاً: يَا سَيِّدُ، هُوَذَا مَنَاكَ الَّذِي كَانَ عِنْدِي مَوْضُوعًا فِي مِنْدِيل،20 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
21 لأَنِّي كُنْتُ أَخَافُ مِنْكَ، إِذْ أَنْتَ إِنْسَانٌ صَارِمٌ، تَأْخُذُ مَا لَمْ تَضَعْ وَتَحْصُدُ مَا لَمْ تَزْرَعْ.21 For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow.
22 فَقَالَ لَهُ: مِنْ فَمِكَ أَدِينُكَ أَيُّهَا الْعَبْدُ الشِّرِّيرُ. عَرَفْتَ أَنِّي إِنْسَانٌ صَارِمٌ، آخُذُ مَا لَمْ أَضَعْ، وَأَحْصُدُ مَا لَمْ أَزْرَعْ،22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:
23 فَلِمَاذَا لَمْ تَضَعْ فِضَّتِي عَلَى مَائِدَةِ الصَّيَارِفَةِ، فَكُنْتُ مَتَى جِئْتُ أَسْتَوْفِيهَا مَعَ رِبًا؟23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
24 ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْحَاضِرِينَ: خُذُوا مِنْهُ الْمَنَا وَأَعْطُوهُ لِلَّذِي عِنْدَهُ الْعَشَرَةُ الأَمْنَاءُ.24 And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds.
25 فَقَالُوا لَهُ: يَا سَيِّدُ، عِنْدَهُ عَشَرَةُ أَمْنَاءٍ!25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.)
26 لأَنِّي أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ لَهُ يُعْطَى، وَمَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ فَالَّذِي عِنْدَهُ يُؤْخَذُ مِنْهُ.26 For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him.
27 أَمَّا أَعْدَائِي، أُولئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُرِيدُوا أَنْ أَمْلِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ، فَأْتُوا بِهِمْ إِلَى هُنَا وَاذْبَحُوهُمْ قُدَّامِي».27 But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.
28 وَلَمَّا قَالَ هذَا تَقَدَّمَ صَاعِدًا إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ.28 And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.
29 وَإِذْ قَرُبَ مِنْ بَيْتِ فَاجِي وَبَيْتِ عَنْيَا، عِنْدَ الْجَبَلِ الَّذِي يُدْعَى جَبَلَ الزَّيْتُونِ، أَرْسَلَ اثْنَيْنِ مِنْ تَلاَمِيذِهِ29 And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,
30 قَائِلاً:«اِذْهَبَا إِلَى الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي أَمَامَكُمَا، وَحِينَ تَدْخُلاَنِهَا تَجِدَانِ جَحْشًا مَرْبُوطًا لَمْ يَجْلِسْ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ قَطُّ. فَحُّلاَهُ وَأْتِيَا بِهِ. 30 Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither.
31 وَإِنْ سَأَلَكُمَا أَحَدٌ: لِمَاذَا تَحُّلاَنِهِ؟ فَقُولاَ لَهُ هكَذَا: إِنَّ الرَّبَّ مُحْتَاجٌ إِلَيْهِ».31 And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.
32 فَمَضَى الْمُرْسَلاَنِ وَوَجَدَا كَمَا قَالَ لَهُمَا.32 And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them.
33 وَفِيمَا هُمَا يَحُّلاَنِ الْجَحْشَ قَالَ لَهُمَا أَصْحَابُهُ:«لِمَاذَا تَحُّلاَنِ الْجَحْشَ؟»33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?
34 فَقَالاَ:«الرَّبُّ مُحْتَاجٌ إِلَيْهِ».34 And they said, The Lord hath need of him.
35 وَأَتَيَا بِهِ إِلَى يَسُوعَ، وَطَرَحَا ثِيَابَهُمَا عَلَى الْجَحْشِ، وَأَرْكَبَا يَسُوعَ.35 And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
36 وَفِيمَا هُوَ سَائِرٌ فَرَشُوا ثِيَابَهُمْ فِي الطَّرِيقِ.36 And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
37 وَلَمَّا قَرُبَ عِنْدَ مُنْحَدَرِ جَبَلِ الزَّيْتُونِ، ابْتَدَأَ كُلُّ جُمْهُورِ التَّلاَمِيذِ يَفْرَحُونَ وَيُسَبِّحُونَ اللهَ بِصَوْتٍ عَظِيمٍ، لأَجْلِ جَمِيعِ الْقُوَّاتِ الَّتِي نَظَرُوا،37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;
38 قَائِلِينَ:«مُبَارَكٌ الْمَلِكُ الآتِي بِاسْمِ الرَّبِّ! سَلاَمٌ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَمَجْدٌ فِي الأَعَالِي!».38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
39 وَأَمَّا بَعْضُ الْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ مِنَ الْجَمْعِ فَقَالُوا لَهُ:«يَا مُعَلِّمُ، انْتَهِرْ تَلاَمِيذَكَ!».39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
40 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّهُ إِنْ سَكَتَ هؤُلاَءِ فَالْحِجَارَةُ تَصْرُخُ!».40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
41 وَفِيمَا هُوَ يَقْتَرِبُ نَظَرَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَبَكَى عَلَيْهَا41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
42 قَائِلاً:«إِنَّكِ لَوْ عَلِمْتِ أَنْتِ أَيْضًا، حَتَّى فِي يَوْمِكِ هذَا، مَا هُوَ لِسَلاَمِكِ! وَلكِنِ الآنَ قَدْ أُخْفِيَ عَنْ عَيْنَيْكِ.42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
43 فَإِنَّهُ سَتَأْتِي أَيَّامٌ وَيُحِيطُ بِكِ أَعْدَاؤُكِ بِمِتْرَسَةٍ، وَيُحْدِقُونَ بِكِ وَيُحَاصِرُونَكِ مِنْ كُلِّ جِهَةٍ،43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
44 وَيَهْدِمُونَكِ وَبَنِيكِ فِيكِ، وَلاَ يَتْرُكُونَ فِيكِ حَجَرًا عَلَى حَجَرٍ، لأَنَّكِ لَمْ تَعْرِفِي زَمَانَ افْتِقَادِكِ».44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
45 وَلَمَّا دَخَلَ الْهَيْكَلَ ابْتَدَأَ يُخْرِجُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَبِيعُونَ وَيَشْتَرُونَ فِيهِ45 And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought;
46 قَائِلاً لَهُمْ:«مَكْتُوبٌ: إِنَّ بَيْتِي بَيْتُ الصَّلاَةِ. وَأَنْتُمْ جَعَلْتُمُوهُ مَغَارَةَ لُصُوصٍ!».46 Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
47 وَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فِي الْهَيْكَلِ، وَكَانَ رُؤَسَاءُ الْكَهَنَةِ وَالْكَتَبَةُ مَعَ وُجُوهِ الشَّعْبِ يَطْلُبُونَ أَنْ يُهْلِكُوهُ،47 And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him,
48 وَلَمْ يَجِدُوا مَا يَفْعَلُونَ، لأَنَّ الشَّعْبَ كُلَّهُ كَانَ مُتَعَلِّقًا بِهِ يَسْمَعُ مِنْهُ.48 And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
قدمت إلى السلطات شكاية ظالمة.
مفردها منا: قطعة نقدية تساوي حوالي عشرين دولاراً.
وفد وساطة وتفاوض.
ولد الحمار. حمار صغير.