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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24

تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

لوقا [4] Luke
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Chapter Summary
1 أَمَّا يَسُوعُ فَرَجَعَ مِنَ الأُرْدُنِّ مُمْتَلِئًا مِنَ الرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ، وَكَانَ يُقْتَادُ بِالرُّوحِ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,
2 أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا يُجَرَّبُ مِنْ إِبْلِيسَ. وَلَمْ يَأْكُلْ شَيْئًا فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ. وَلَمَّا تَمَّتْ جَاعَ أَخِيرًا.2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.
3 وَقَالَ لَهُ إِبْلِيسُ:«إِنْ كُنْتَ ابْنَ اللهِ، فَقُلْ لِهذَا الْحَجَرِ أَنْ يَصِيرَ خُبْزًا».3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.
4 فَأَجَابَهُ يَسُوعُ قِائِلاً:«مَكْتُوبٌ: أَنْ لَيْسَ بِالْخُبْزِ وَحْدَهُ يَحْيَا الإِنْسَانُ، بَلْ بِكُلِّ كَلِمَةٍ مِنَ اللهِ».4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.
5 ثُمَّ أَصْعَدَهُ إِبْلِيسُ إِلَى جَبَل عَال وَأَرَاهُ جَمِيعَ مَمَالِكِ الْمَسْكُونَةِ فِي لَحْظَةٍ مِنَ الزَّمَانِ.5 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.
6 وَقَالَ لَهُ إِبْلِيسُ:«لَكَ أُعْطِي هذَا السُّلْطَانَ كُلَّهُ وَمَجْدَهُنَّ، لأَنَّهُ إِلَيَّ قَدْ دُفِعَ، وَأَنَا أُعْطِيهِ لِمَنْ أُرِيدُ.6 And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.
7 فَإِنْ سَجَدْتَ أَمَامِي يَكُونُ لَكَ الْجَمِيعُ».7 If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.
8 فَأَجَابَهُ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ:«اذْهَبْ يَا شَيْطَانُ! إِنَّهُ مَكْتُوبٌ: لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِكَ تَسْجُدُ وَإِيَّاهُ وَحْدَهُ تَعْبُدُ».8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
9 ثُمَّ جَاءَ بِهِ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَأَقَامَهُ عَلَى جَنَاحِ الْهَيْكَلِ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«إِنْ كُنْتَ ابْنَ اللهِ فَاطْرَحْ نَفْسَكَ مِنْ هُنَا إِلَى أَسْفَلُ،9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:
10 لأَنَّهُ مَكْتُوبٌ: أَنَّهُ يُوصِي مَلاَئِكَتَهُ بِكَ لِكَيْ يَحْفَظُوكَ،10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee:
11 وَأَنَّهُمْ عَلَى أَيَادِيهِمْ يَحْمِلُونَكَ لِكَيْ لاَ تَصْدِمَ بِحَجَرٍ رِجْلَكَ».11 And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
12 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«إِنَّهُ قِيلَ: لاَ تُجَرِّبِ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكَ».12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
13 وَلَمَّا أَكْمَلَ إِبْلِيسُ كُلَّ تَجْرِبَةٍ فَارَقَهُ إِلَى حِينٍ.13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.
14 وَرَجَعَ يَسُوعُ بِقُوَّةِ الرُّوحِ إِلَى الْجَلِيلِ، وَخَرَجَ خَبَرٌ عَنْهُ فِي جَمِيعِ الْكُورَةِ الْمُحِيطَةِ.14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.
15 وَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُ فِي مَجَامِعِهِمْ مُمَجَّدًا مِنَ الْجَمِيعِ.15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.
16 وَجَاءَ إِلَى النَّاصِرَةِ حَيْثُ كَانَ قَدْ تَرَبَّى. وَدَخَلَ الْمَجْمَعَ حَسَبَ عَادَتِهِ يَوْمَ السَّبْتِ وَقَامَ لِيَقْرَأَ،16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
17 فَدُفِعَ إِلَيْهِ سِفْرُ إِشَعْيَاءَ النَّبِيِّ. وَلَمَّا فَتَحَ السِّفْرَ وَجَدَ الْمَوْضِعَ الَّذِي كَانَ مَكْتُوبًا فِيهِ:17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,
18 «رُوحُ الرَّبِّ عَلَيَّ، لأَنَّهُ مَسَحَنِي لأُبَشِّرَ الْمَسَاكِينَ، أَرْسَلَنِي لأَشْفِيَ الْمُنْكَسِرِي الْقُلُوبِ، لأُنَادِيَ لِلْمَأْسُورِينَ بِالإِطْلاَقِ ولِلْعُمْيِ بِالْبَصَرِ، وَأُرْسِلَ الْمُنْسَحِقِينَ فِي الْحُرِّيَّةِ،18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
19 وَأَكْرِزَ بِسَنَةِ الرَّبِّ الْمَقْبُولَةِ».19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
20 ثُمَّ طَوَى السِّفْرَ وَسَلَّمَهُ إِلَى الْخَادِمِ، وَجَلَسَ. وَجَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ كَانَتْ عُيُونُهُمْ شَاخِصَةً إِلَيْهِ.20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
21 فَابْتَدَأَ يَقُولُ لَهُمْ:«إِنَّهُ الْيَوْمَ قَدْ تَمَّ هذَا الْمَكْتُوبُ فِي مَسَامِعِكُمْ».21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.
22 وَكَانَ الْجَمِيعُ يَشْهَدُونَ لَهُ وَيَتَعَجَّبُونَ مِنْ كَلِمَاتِ النِّعْمَةِ الْخَارِجَةِ مِنْ فَمِهِ، وَيَقُولُونَ: «أَلَيْسَ هذَا ابْنَ يُوسُفَ؟»22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?
23 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«عَلَى كُلِّ حَال تَقُولُونَ لِي هذَا الْمَثَلَ: أَيُّهَا الطَّبِيبُ اشْفِ نَفْسَكَ! كَمْ سَمِعْنَا أَنَّهُ جَرَى فِي كَفْرِنَاحُومَ، فَافْعَلْ ذلِكَ هُنَا أَيْضًا فِي وَطَنِكَ»23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.
24 وَقَالَ: «الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ نَبِيٌّ مَقْبُولاً فِي وَطَنِهِ.24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.
25 وَبِالْحَقِّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّ أَرَامِلَ كَثِيرَةً كُنَّ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي أَيَّامِ إِيلِيَّا حِينَ أُغْلِقَتِ السَّمَاءُ مُدَّةَ ثَلاَثِ سِنِينَ وَسِتَّةِ أَشْهُرٍ، لَمَّا كَانَ جُوعٌ عَظِيمٌ فِي الأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا،25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;
26 وَلَمْ يُرْسَلْ إِيلِيَّا إِلَى وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهَا، إِلاَّ إِلَى امْرَأَةٍ أَرْمَلَةٍ، إِلَى صَرْفَةِ صَيْدَاءَ.26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.
27 وَبُرْصٌ كَثِيرُونَ كَانُوا فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي زَمَانِ أَلِيشَعَ النَّبِيِّ، وَلَمْ يُطَهَّرْ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ إِلاَّ نُعْمَانُ السُّرْيَانِيُّ».27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.
28 فَامْتَلأَ غَضَبًا جَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ حِينَ سَمِعُوا هذَا،28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,
29 فَقَامُوا وَأَخْرَجُوهُ خَارِجَ الْمَدِينَةِ، وَجَاءُوا بِهِ إِلَى حَافَّةَِ الْجَبَلِ الَّذِي كَانَتْ مَدِينَتُهُمْ مَبْنِيَّةً عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يَطْرَحُوهُ إِلَى أَسْفَلٍ.29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.
30 أَمَّا هُوَ فَجَازَ فِي وَسْطِهِمْ وَمَضَى.30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,
31 وَانْحَدَرَ إِلَى كَفْرِنَاحُومَ، مَدِينَةٍ مِنَ الْجَلِيلِ، وَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُهُمْ فِي السُّبُوتِ.31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
32 فَبُهِتُوا مِنْ تَعْلِيمِهِ، لأَنَّ كَلاَمَهُ كَانَ بِسُلْطَانٍ.32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.
33 وَكَانَ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ رَجُلٌ بِهِ رُوحُ شَيْطَانٍ نَجِسٍ، فَصَرَخَ بِصَوْتٍ عَظِيمٍ33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice,
34 قِائِلاً:«آهِ! مَا لَنَا وَلَكَ يَا يَسُوعُ النَّاصِرِيُّ؟ أَتَيْتَ لِتُهْلِكَنَا! أَنَا أَعْرِفُكَ مَنْ أَنْتَ: قُدُّوسُ اللهِ!».34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.
35 فَانْتَهَرَهُ يَسُوعُ قَائِلاً:«اخْرَسْ! وَاخْرُجْ مِنْهُ!». فَصَرَعَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فِي الْوَسْطِ وَخَرَجَ مِنْهُ وَلَمْ يَضُرَّهُ شَيْئًا.35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not.
36 فَوَقَعَتْ دَهْشَةٌ عَلَى الْجَمِيعِ، وَكَانُوا يُخَاطِبُونَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا قَائِلِينَ:«مَا هذِهِ الْكَلِمَةُ؟ لأَنَّهُ بِسُلْطَانٍ وَقُوَّةٍ يَأْمُرُ الأَرْوَاحَ النَّجِسَةَ فَتَخْرُجُ!».36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.
37 وَخَرَجَ صِيتٌ عَنْهُ إِلَى كُلِّ مَوْضِعٍ فِي الْكُورَةِ الْمُحِيطَةِ.37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about.
38 وَلَمَّا قَامَ مِنَ الْمَجْمَعِ دَخَلَ بَيْتَ سِمْعَانَ. وَكَانَتْ حَمَاةُ سِمْعَانَ قَدْ أَخَذَتْهَا حُمَّى شَدِيدَةٌ. فَسَأَلُوهُ مِنْ أَجْلِهَا.38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her.
39 فَوَقَفَ فَوْقَهَا وَانْتَهَرَ الْحُمَّى فَتَرَكَتْهَا! وَفِي الْحَالِ قَامَتْ وَصَارَتْ تَخْدُمُهُمْ.39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.
40 وَعِنْدَ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ، جَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ كَانَ عِنْدَهُمْ سُقَمَاءُ بِأَمْرَاضٍ مُخْتَلِفَةٍ قَدَّمُوهُمْ إِلَيْهِ، فَوَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ وَشَفَاهُمْ.40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.
41 وَكَانَتْ شَيَاطِينُ أَيْضًا تَخْرُجُ مِنْ كَثِيرِينَ وَهِيَ تَصْرُخُ وَتَقُولُ:«أَنْتَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ اللهِ!» فَانْتَهَرَهُمْ وَلَمْ يَدَعْهُمْ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ، لأَنَّهُمْ عَرَفُوهُ أَنَّهُ الْمَسِيحُ.41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.
42 وَلَمَّا صَارَ النَّهَارُ خَرَجَ وَذَهَبَ إِلَى مَوْضِعٍ خَلاَءٍ، وَكَانَ الْجُمُوعُ يُفَتِّشُونَ عَلَيْهِ. فَجَاءُوا إِلَيْهِ وَأَمْسَكُوهُ لِئَلاَّ يَذْهَبَ عَنْهُمْ.42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desert place: and the people sought him, and came unto him, and stayed him, that he should not depart from them.
43 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«إِنَّهُ يَنْبَغِي لِي أَنْ أُبَشِّرَ الْمُدُنَ الأُخَرَ أَيْضًا بِمَلَكُوتِ اللهِ، لأَنِّي لِهذَا قَدْ أُرْسِلْتُ».43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent.
44 فَكَانَ يَكْرِزُ فِي مَجَامِعِ الْجَلِيلِ.44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.