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تفسير Commentary
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

الأمثال [1] Proverbs
مدخلتمهيدإستمع
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Chapter Summary
1 أَمْثَالُ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ مَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ:1 The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;
2 لِمَعْرِفَةِ حِكْمَةٍ وَأَدَبٍ. لإِدْرَاكِ أَقْوَالِ الْفَهْمِ.2 To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;
3 لِقُبُولِ تَأْدِيبِ الْمَعْرِفَةِ وَالْعَدْلِ وَالْحَقِّ وَالاسْتِقَامَةِ.3 To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;
4 لِتُعْطِيَ الْجُهَّالَ ذَكَاءً، وَالشَّابَّ مَعْرِفَةً وَتَدَبُّرًا.4 To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.
5 يَسْمَعُهَا الْحَكِيمُ فَيَزْدَادُ عِلْمًا، وَالْفَهِيمُ يَكْتَسِبُ تَدْبِيرًا.5 A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels:
6 لِفَهْمِ الْمَثَلِ وَاللُّغْزِ، أَقْوَالِ الْحُكَمَاءِ وَغَوَامِضِهِمْ.6 To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.
7 مَخَافَةُ الرَّبِّ رَأْسُ الْمَعْرِفَةِ، أَمَّا الْجَاهِلُونَ فَيَحْتَقِرُونَ الْحِكْمَةَ وَالأَدَبَ.7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
8 اِسْمَعْ يَا ابْنِي تَأْدِيبَ أَبِيكَ، وَلاَ تَرْفُضْ شَرِيعَةَ أُمِّكَ،8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
9 لأَنَّهُمَا إِكْلِيلُ نِعْمَةٍ لِرَأْسِكَ، وَقَلاَئِدُ لِعُنُقِكَ.9 For they shall be an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.
10 يَا ابْنِي، إِنْ تَمَلَّقَكَ الْخُطَاةُ فَلاَ تَرْضَ.10 My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.
11 إِنْ قَالُوا: «هَلُمَّ مَعَنَا لِنَكْمُنْ لِلدَّمِ. لِنَخْتَفِ لِلْبَرِيءِ بَاطِلاً.11 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
12 لِنَبْتَلِعْهُمْ أَحْيَاءً كَالْهَاوِيَةِ، وَصِحَاحًا كَالْهَابِطِينَ فِي الْجُبِّ،12 Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:
13 فَنَجِدَ كُلَّ قِنْيَةٍ فَاخِرَةٍ، نَمْلأَ بُيُوتَنَا غَنِيمَةً.13 We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil:
14 تُلْقِي قُرْعَتَكَ وَسْطَنَا. يَكُونُ لَنَا جَمِيعًا كِيسٌ وَاحِدٌ».14 Cast in thy lot among us; let us all have one purse:
15 يَا ابْنِي، لاَ تَسْلُكْ فِي الطَّرِيقِ مَعَهُمْ. اِمْنَعْ رِجْلَكَ عَنْ مَسَالِكِهِمْ.15 My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path:
16 لأَنَّ أَرْجُلَهُمْ تَجْرِي إِلَى الشَّرِّ وَتُسْرِعُ إِلَى سَفْكِ الدَّمِ.16 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
17 لأَنَّهُ بَاطِلاً تُنْصَبُ الشَّبَكَةُ فِي عَيْنَيْ كُلِّ ذِي جَنَاحٍ.17 Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird.
18 أَمَّا هُمْ فَيَكْمُنُونَ لِدَمِ أَنْفُسِهِمْ. يَخْتَفُونَ لأَنْفُسِهِمْ.18 And they lay wait for their own blood; they lurk privily for their own lives.
19 هكَذَا طُرُقُ كُلِّ مُولَعٍ بِكَسْبٍ. يَأْخُذُ نَفْسَ مُقْتَنِيهِ.19 So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which taketh away the life of the owners thereof.
20 اَلْحِكْمَةُ تُنَادِي فِي الْخَارِجِ. فِي الشَّوَارِعِ تُعْطِي صَوْتَهَا.20 Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets:
21 تَدْعُو فِي رُؤُوسِ الأَسْوَاقِ، فِي مَدَاخِلِ الأَبْوَابِ. فِي الْمَدِينَةِ تُبْدِي كَلاَمَهَا21 She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying,
22 قَائِلَةً: «إِلَى مَتَى أَيُّهَا الْجُهَّالُ تُحِبُّونَ الْجَهْلَ، وَالْمُسْتَهْزِئُونَ يُسَرُّونَ بِالاسْتِهْزَاءِ، وَالْحَمْقَى يُبْغِضُونَ الْعِلْمَ؟22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
23 اِرْجِعُوا عِنْدَ تَوْبِيخِي. هأَنَذَا أُفِيضُ لَكُمْ رُوحِي. أُعَلِّمُكُمْ كَلِمَاتِي.23 Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you.
24 «لأَنِّي دَعَوْتُ فَأَبَيْتُمْ، وَمَدَدْتُ يَدِي وَلَيْسَ مَنْ يُبَالِي،24 Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded;
25 بَلْ رَفَضْتُمْ كُلَّ مَشُورَتِي، وَلَمْ تَرْضَوْا تَوْبِيخِي.25 But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof:
26 فَأَنَا أَيْضًا أَضْحَكُ عِنْدَ بَلِيَّتِكُمْ. أَشْمَتُ عِنْدَ مَجِيءِ خَوْفِكُمْ.26 I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh;
27 إِذَا جَاءَ خَوْفُكُمْ كَعَاصِفَةٍ، وَأَتَتْ بَلِيَّتُكُمْ كَالزَّوْبَعَةِ، إِذَا جَاءَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ شِدَّةٌ وَضِيقٌ.27 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you.
28 حِينَئِذٍ يَدْعُونَنِي فَلاَ أَسْتَجِيبُ. يُبَكِّرُونَ إِلَيَّ فَلاَ يَجِدُونَنِي.28 Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:
29 لأَنَّهُمْ أَبْغَضُوا الْعِلْمَ وَلَمْ يَخْتَارُوا مَخَافَةَ الرَّبِّ.29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:
30 لَمْ يَرْضَوْا مَشُورَتِي. رَذَلُوا كُلَّ تَوْبِيخِي.30 They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.
31 فَلِذلِكَ يَأْكُلُونَ مِنْ ثَمَرِ طَرِيقِهِمْ، وَيَشْبَعُونَ مِنْ مُؤَامَرَاتِهِمْ.31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
32 لأَنَّ ارْتِدَادَ الْحَمْقَى يَقْتُلُهُمْ، وَرَاحَةَ الْجُهَّالِ تُبِيدُهُمْ.32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.
33 أَمَّا الْمُسْتَمِعُ لِي فَيَسْكُنُ آمِنًا، وَيَسْتَرِيحُ مِنْ خَوْفِ الشَّرِّ».33 But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil.