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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الملوك الأول [13] 1Kings
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Chapter Summary
1 وَإِذَا بِرَجُلِ اللهِ قَدْ أَتَى مِنْ يَهُوذَا بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ إِلَى بَيْتِ إِيلَ، وَيَرُبْعَامُ وَاقِفٌ لَدَى الْمَذْبَحِ لِكَيْ يُوقِدَ.1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.
2 فَنَادَى نَحْوَ الْمَذْبَحِ بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «يَا مَذْبَحُ، يَا مَذْبَحُ، هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هُوَذَا سَيُولَدُ لِبَيْتِ دَاوُدَ ابْنٌ اسْمُهُ يُوشِيَّا، وَيَذْبَحُ عَلَيْكَ كَهَنَةَ الْمُرْتَفَعَاتِ الَّذِينَ يُوقِدُونَ عَلَيْكَ، وَتُحْرَقُ عَلَيْكَ عِظَامُ النَّاسِ».2 And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.
3 وَأَعْطَى فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ عَلاَمَةً قَائِلاً: «هذِهِ هِيَ الْعَلاَمَةُ الَّتِي تَكَلَّمَ بِهَا الرَّبُّ: هُوَذَا الْمَذْبَحُ يَنْشَقُّ وَيُذْرَى الرَّمَادُ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ».3 And he gave a sign the same day, saying, This is the sign which the LORD hath spoken; Behold, the altar shall be rent, and the ashes that are upon it shall be poured out.
4 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْمَلِكُ كَلاَمَ رَجُلِ اللهِ الَّذِي نَادَى نَحْوَ الْمَذْبَحِ فِي بَيْتِ إِيلَ، مَدَّ يَرُبْعَامُ يَدَهُ عَنِ الْمَذْبَحِ قَائِلاً: «أَمْسِكُوهُ». فَيَبِسَتْ يَدُهُ الَّتِي مَدَّهَا نَحْوَهُ وَلَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ أَنْ يَرُدَّهَا إِلَيْهِ.4 And it came to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, which had cried against the altar in Bethel, that he put forth his hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up, so that he could not pull it in again to him.
5 وَانْشَقَّ الْمَذْبَحُ وَذُرِيَ الرَّمَادُ مِن عَلىَ الْمَذبَحِ حَسَبَ الْعَلاَمَةِ الَّتِي أَعْطَاهَا رَجُلُ اللهِ بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ.5 The altar also was rent, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of the LORD.
6 فَأَجَابَ الْمَلِكُ وَقَالَ لِرَجُلِ اللهِ: «تَضَرَّعْ إِلَى وَجْهِ الرَّبِّ إِلهِكَ وَصَلِّ مِنْ أَجْلِي فَتَرْجعَ يَدِي إِلَيَّ». فَتَضَرَّعَ رَجُلُ اللهِ إِلَى وَجْهِ الرَّبِّ فَرَجَعَتْ يَدُ الْمَلِكِ إِلَيْهِ وَكَانَتْ كَمَا فِي الأَوَّلِ.6 And the king answered and said unto the man of God, Entreat now the face of the LORD thy God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored me again. And the man of God besought the LORD, and the king's hand was restored him again, and became as it was before.
7 ثُمَّ قَالَ الْمَلِكُ لِرَجُلِ اللهِ: «ادْخُلْ مَعِي إِلَى الْبَيْتِ وَتَقَوَّتْ فَأُعْطِيَكَ أُجْرَةً».7 And the king said unto the man of God, Come home with me, and refresh thyself, and I will give thee a reward.
8 فَقَالَ رَجُلُ اللهِ لِلْمَلِكِ: «لَوْ أَعْطَيْتَنِي نِصْفَ بَيْتِكَ لاَ أَدْخُلُ مَعَكَ وَلاَ آكُلُ خُبْزًا وَلاَ أَشْرَبُ مَاءً فِي هذَا الْمَوْضِعِ.8 And the man of God said unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thine house, I will not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink water in this place:
9 لأَنِّي هكَذَا أُوصِيتُ بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ قَائِلاً: لاَ تَأْكُلْ خُبْزًا وَلاَ تَشْرَبْ مَاءً وَلاَ تَرْجعْ فِي الطَّرِيقِ الَّذِي ذَهَبْتَ فِيهِ».9 For so was it charged me by the word of the LORD, saying, Eat no bread, nor drink water, nor turn again by the same way that thou camest.
10 فَذَهَبَ فِي طَرِيق آخَرَ، وَلَمْ يَرْجعْ فِي الطَّرِيقِ الَّذِي جَاءَ فِيهِ إِلَى بَيْتِ إِيلَ.10 So he went another way, and returned not by the way that he came to Bethel.
11 وَكَانَ نَبِيٌّ شَيْخٌ سَاكِنًا فِي بَيْتِ إِيلَ، فَأَتَى بَنُوهُ وَقَصُّوا عَلَيْهِ كُلَّ الْعَمَلِ الَّذِي عَمِلَهُ رَجُلُ اللهِ ذلِكَ الْيَوْمَ فِي بَيْتِ إِيلَ، وَقَصُّوا عَلَى أَبِيهِمِ الْكَلاَمَ الَّذِي تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ إِلَى الْمَلِكِ.11 Now there dwelt an old prophet in Bethel; and his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them they told also to their father.
12 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ أَبُوهُمْ: «مِنْ أَيِّ طَرِيق ذَهَبَ؟» وَكَانَ بَنُوهُ قَدْ رَأَوْا الطَّرِيقَ الَّذِي سَارَ فِيهِ رَجُلُ اللهِ الذَّي جَاءَ مِنْ يَهُوذَا.12 And their father said unto them, What way went he? For his sons had seen what way the man of God went, which came from Judah.
13 فَقَالَ لِبَنِيهِ: «شُدُّوا لِي عَلَى الْحِمَارِ». فَشَدُّوا لَهُ عَلَى الْحِمَارِ فَرَكِبَ عَلَيْهِ13 And he said unto his sons, Saddle me the ass. So they saddled him the ass: and he rode thereon,
14 وَسَارَ وَرَاءَ رَجُلِ اللهِ، فَوَجَدَهُ جَالِسًا تَحْتَ الْبَلُّوطَةِ، فَقَالَ لَهُ: «أَأَنْتَ رَجُلُ اللهِ الَّذِي جَاءَ مِنْ يَهُوذَا؟» فَقَالَ: «أَنَا هُوَ».14 And went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak: and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that camest from Judah? And he said, I am.
15 فَقَالَ لَهُ: «سِرْ مَعِي إِلَى الْبَيْتِ وَكُلْ خُبْزًا».15 Then he said unto him, Come home with me, and eat bread.
16 فَقَالَ: «لاَ أَقْدِرُ أَنْ أَرْجعَ مَعَكَ وَلاَ أَدْخُلُ مَعَكَ وَلاَ آكُلُ خُبْزًا وَلاَ أَشْرَبُ مَعَكَ مَاءً فِي هذَا الْمَوْضِعِ،16 And he said, I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee: neither will I eat bread nor drink water with thee in this place:
17 لأَنَّهُ قِيلَ لِي بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ: لاَ تَأْكُلْ خُبْزًا وَلاَ تَشْرَبْ هُنَاكَ مَاءً. وَلاَ تَرْجعْ سَائِرًا فِي الطَّرِيقِ الَّذِي ذَهَبْتَ فِيهِ».17 For it was said to me by the word of the LORD, Thou shalt eat no bread nor drink water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest.
18 فَقَالَ لَهُ: «أَنَا أَيْضًا نَبِيٌّ مِثْلُكَ، وَقَدْ كَلَّمَنِي مَلاَكٌ بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ قَائِلاً: ارْجعْ بِهِ مَعَكَ إِلَى بَيْتِكَ فَيَأْكُلَ خُبْزًا وَيَشْرَبَ مَاءً». كَذَبَ عَلَيْهِ.18 He said unto him, I am a prophet also as thou art; and an angel spake unto me by the word of the LORD, saying, Bring him back with thee into thine house, that he may eat bread and drink water. But he lied unto him.
19 فَرَجَعَ مَعَهُ وَأَكَلَ خُبْزًا فِي بَيْتِهِ وَشَرِبَ مَاءً.19 So he went back with him, and did eat bread in his house, and drank water.
20 وَبَيْنَمَا هُمَا جَالِسَانِ عَلَى الْمَائِدَةِ كَانَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ الَّذِي أَرْجَعَهُ،20 And it came to pass, as they sat at the table, that the word of the LORD came unto the prophet that brought him back:
21 فَصَاحَ إِلَى رَجُلِ اللهِ الَّذِي جَاءَ مِنْ يَهُوذَا قَائِلاً: «هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكَ خَالَفْتَ قَوْلَ الرَّبِّ وَلَمْ تَحْفَظِ الْوَصِيَّةَ الَّتِي أَوْصَاكَ بِهَا الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ،21 And he cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of the LORD, and hast not kept the commandment which the LORD thy God commanded thee,
22 فَرَجَعْتَ وَأَكَلْتَ خُبْزًا وَشَرِبْتَ مَاءً فِي الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي قَالَ لَكَ: لاَ تَأْكُلْ فِيهِ خُبْزًا وَلاَ تَشْرَبْ مَاءً، لاَ تَدْخُلُ جُثَّتُكَ قَبْرَ آبَائِكَ».22 But camest back, and hast eaten bread and drunk water in the place, of the which the Lord did say to thee, Eat no bread, and drink no water; thy carcass shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers.
23 ثُمَّ بَعْدَمَا أَكَلَ خُبْزًا وَبَعْدَ أَنْ شَرِبَ شَدَّ لَهُ عَلَى الْحِمَار،ِ أَيْ لِلنَّبِيِّ الَّذِي أَرْجَعَهُ،23 And it came to pass, after he had eaten bread, and after he had drunk, that he saddled for him the ass, to wit, for the prophet whom he had brought back.
24 وَانْطَلَقَ. فَصَادَفَهُ أَسَدٌ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَتَلَهُ. وَكَانَتْ جُثَّتُهُ مَطْرُوحَةً فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَالْحِمَارُ وَاقِفٌ بِجَانِبِهَا وَالأَسَدُ وَاقِفٌ بِجَانِبِ الْجُثَّةِ.24 And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcass was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcass.
25 وَإِذَا بِقَوْمٍ يَعْبُرُونَ فَرَأَوْا الْجُثَّةَ، مَطْرُوحَةً فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَالأَسَدُ وَاقِفٌ بِجَانِبِ الْجُثَّةِ. فَأَتَوْا وَأَخْبَرُوا فِي الْمَدِينَةِ الَّتِي كَانَ النَّبِيُّ الشَّيْخُ سَاكِنًا بِهَا.25 And, behold, men passed by, and saw the carcass cast in the way, and the lion standing by the carcass: and they came and told it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
26 وَلَمَّا سَمِعَ النَّبِيُّ الَّذِي أَرْجَعَهُ عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ قَالَ: «هُوَ رَجُلُ اللهِ الَّذِي خَالَفَ قَوْلَ الرَّبِّ، فَدَفَعَهُ الرَّبُّ لِلأَسَدِ فَافْتَرَسَهُ وَقَتَلَهُ حَسَبَ كَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ الَّذِي كَلَّمَهُ بِهِ».26 And when the prophet that brought him back from the way heard thereof, he said, It is the man of God, who was disobedient unto the word of the LORD: therefore the LORD hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake unto him.
27 وَكَلَّمَ بَنِيهِ قَائِلاً: «شُدُّوا لِي عَلَى الْحِمَارِ». فَشَدُّوا.27 And he spake to his sons, saying, Saddle me the ass. And they saddled him.
28 فَذَهَبَ وَوَجَدَ جُثَّتَهُ مَطْرُوحَةً فِي الطَّرِيقِ، وَالْحِمَارَ وَالأَسَدَ وَاقِفَيْنِ بِجَانِبِ الْجُثَّةِ، وَلَمْ يَأْكُلِ الأَسَدُ الْجُثَّةَ وَلاَ افْتَرَسَ الْحِمَارَ.28 And he went and found his carcass cast in the way, and the ass and the lion standing by the carcass: the lion had not eaten the carcass, nor torn the ass.
29 فَرَفَعَ النَّبِيُّ جُثَّةَ رَجُلِ اللهِ وَوَضَعَهَا عَلَى الْحِمَارِ وَرَجَعَ بِهَا، وَدَخَلَ النَّبِيُّ الشَّيْخُ الْمَدِينَةَ لِيَنْدُبَهُ وَيَدْفِنَهُ29 And the prophet took up the carcass of the man of God, and laid it upon the ass, and brought it back: and the old prophet came to the city, to mourn and to bury him.
30 فَوَضَعَ جُثَّتَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ وَنَاحُوا عَلَيْهِ قَائِلِينَ: «آهُ يَا أَخِي».30 And he laid his carcass in his own grave; and they mourned over him, saying, Alas, my brother!
31 وَبَعْدَ دَفْنِهِ إِيَّاهُ كَلَّمَ بَنِيهِ قَائِلاً: «عِنْدَ وَفَاتِي ادْفِنُونِي فِي الْقَبْرِ الَّذِي دُفِنَ فِيهِ رَجُلُ اللهِ. بِجَانِبِ عِظَامِهِ ضَعُوا عِظَامِي.31 And it came to pass, after he had buried him, that he spake to his sons, saying, When I am dead, then bury me in the sepulchre wherein the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones:
32 لأَنَّهُ تَمَامًا سَيَتِمُّ الْكَلاَمُ الَّذِي نَادَى بِهِ بِكَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ نَحْوَ الْمَذْبَحِ الَّذِي فِي بَيْتِ إِيلَ، وَنَحْوَ جَمِيعِ بُيُوتِ الْمُرْتَفَعَاتِ الَّتِي فِي مُدُنِ السَّامِرَةِ».32 For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
33 بَعْدَ هذَا الأَمْرِ لَمْ يَرْجعْ يَرُبْعَامُ عَنْ طَرِيقِهِ الرَّدِيَّةِ، بَلْ عَادَ فَعَمِلَ مِنْ أَطْرَافِ الشَّعْبِ كَهَنَةَ مُرْتَفَعَاتٍ. مَنْ شَاءَ مَلأَ يَدَهُ فَصَارَ مِنْ كَهَنَةِ الْمُرْتَفَعَاتِ.33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places.
34 وَكَانَ مِنْ هذَا الأَمْرِ خَطِيَّةٌ لِبَيْتِ يَرُبْعَامَ، وَكَانَ لإِبَادَتِهِ وَخَرَابِهِ عَنْ وَجْهِ الأَرْضِ.34 And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.