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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الملوك الأول [19] 1Kings
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Chapter Summary
1 وَأَخْبَرَ أَخْآبُ إِيزَابَلَ بِكُلِّ مَا عَمِلَ إِيلِيَّا، وَكَيْفَ أَنَّهُ قَتَلَ جَمِيعَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ بِالسَّيْفِ.1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword.
2 فَأَرْسَلَتْ إِيزَابَلُ رَسُولاً إِلَى إِيلِيَّا تَقُولُ: «هكَذَا تَفْعَلُ الآلِهَةُ وَهكَذَا تَزِيدُ، إِنْ لَمْ أَجْعَلْ نَفْسَكَ كَنَفْسِ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ فِي نَحْوِ هذَا الْوَقْتِ غَدًا».2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by to morrow about this time.
3 فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذلِكَ قَامَ وَمَضَى لأَجْلِ نَفْسِهِ، وَأَتَى إِلَى بِئْرِ سَبْعٍ الَّتِي لِيَهُوذَا وَتَرَكَ غُلاَمَهُ هُنَاكَ.3 And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there.
4 ثُمَّ سَارَ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ مَسِيرَةَ يَوْمٍ، حَتَّى أَتَى وَجَلَسَ تَحْتَ رَتَمَةٍ وَطَلَبَ الْمَوْتَ لِنَفْسِهِ، وَقَالَ: «قَدْ كَفَى الآنَ يَا رَبُّ. خُذْ نَفْسِي لأَنِّي لَسْتُ خَيْرًا مِنْ آبَائِي». 4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers.
5 وَاضْطَجَعَ وَنَامَ تَحْتَ الرَّتَمَةِ. وَإِذَا بِمَلاَكٍ قَدْ مَسَّهُ وَقَالَ: «قُمْ وَكُلْ».5 And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.
6 فَتَطَلَّعَ وَإِذَا كَعْكَةُ رَضْفٍ وَكُوزُ مَاءٍ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ، فَأَكَلَ وَشَرِبَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فَاضْطَجَعَ. 6 And he looked, and, behold, there was a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water at his head. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down again.
7 ثُمَّ عَادَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ ثَانِيَةً فَمَسَّهُ وَقَالَ: «قُمْ وَكُلْ، لأَنَّ الْمَسَافَةَ كَثِيرَةٌ عَلَيْكَ».7 And the angel of the LORD came again the second time, and touched him, and said, Arise and eat; because the journey is too great for thee.
8 فَقَامَ وَأَكَلَ وَشَرِبَ، وَسَارَ بِقُوَّةِ تِلْكَ الأَكْلَةِ أَرْبَعِينَ نَهَارًا وَأَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً إِلَى جَبَلِ اللهِ حُورِيبَ،8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.
9 وَدَخَلَ هُنَاكَ الْمُغَارَةَ وَبَاتَ فِيهَا. كَانَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَيْهِ يَقُولُ: «مَا لَكَ ههُنَا يَا إِيلِيَّا؟»9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?
10 فَقَالَ: «قَدْ غِرْتُ غَيْرَةً لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِ الْجُنُودِ، لأَنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَدْ تَرَكُوا عَهْدَكَ، وَنَقَضُوا مَذَابِحَكَ، وَقَتَلُوا أَنْبِيَاءَكَ بِالسَّيْفِ، فَبَقِيتُ أَنَا وَحْدِي، وَهُمْ يَطْلُبُونَ نَفْسِي لِيَأْخُذُوهَا».10 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
11 فَقَالَ: «اخْرُجْ وَقِفْ عَلَى الْجَبَلِ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ». وَإِذَا بِالرَّبِّ عَابِرٌ وَرِيحٌ عَظِيمَةٌ وَشَدِيدَةٌ قَدْ شَقَّتِ الْجِبَالَ وَكَسَّرَتِ الصُّخُورَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، وَلَمْ يَكُنِ الرَّبُّ فِي الرِّيحِ. وَبَعْدَ الرِّيحِ زَلْزَلَةٌ، وَلَمْ يَكُنِ الرَّبُّ فِي الزَّلْزَلَةِ.11 And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake:
12 وَبَعْدَ الزَّلْزَلَةِ نَارٌ، وَلَمْ يَكُنِ الرَّبُّ فِي النَّارِ. وَبَعْدَ النَّارِ صَوْتٌ مُنْخَفِضٌ خَفِيفٌ.12 And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice.
13 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ إِيلِيَّا لَفَّ وَجْهَهُ بِرِدَائِهِ وَخَرَجَ وَوَقَفَ فِي بَابِ الْمُغَارَةِ، وَإِذَا بِصَوْتٍ إِلَيْهِ يَقُولُ: «مَا لَكَ ههُنَا يَا إِيلِيَّا؟»13 And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?
14 فَقَالَ: «غِرْتُ غَيْرَةً لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِ الْجُنُودِ، لأَنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَدْ تَرَكُوا عَهْدَكَ، وَنَقَضُوا مَذَابِحَكَ، وَقَتَلُوا أَنْبِيَاءَكَ بِالسَّيْفِ، فَبَقِيتُ أَنَا وَحْدِي، وَهُمْ يَطْلُبُونَ نَفْسِي لِيَأْخُذُوهَا».14 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
15 فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّبُّ: «اذْهَبْ رَاجِعًا فِي طَرِيقِكَ إِلَى بَرِّيَّةِ دِمِشْقَ، وَادْخُلْ وَامْسَحْ حَزَائِيلَ مَلِكًا عَلَى أَرَامَ،15 And the LORD said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria:
16 وَامْسَحْ يَاهُوَ بْنَ نِمْشِي مَلِكًا عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَامْسَحْ أَلِيشَعَ بْنَ شَافَاطَ مِنْ آبَلَ مَحُولَةَ نَبِيًّا عِوَضًا عَنْكَ.16 And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.
17 فَالَّذِي يَنْجُو مِنْ سَيْفِ حَزَائِيلَ يَقْتُلُهُ يَاهُو، وَالَّذِي يَنْجُو مِنْ سَيْفِ يَاهُو يَقْتُلُهُ أَلِيشَعُ.17 And it shall come to pass, that him that escapeth the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay: and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay.
18 وَقَدْ أَبْقَيْتُ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ سَبْعَةَ آلاَفٍ، كُلَّ الرُّكَبِ الَّتِي لَمْ تَجْثُ لِلْبَعْلِ وَكُلَّ فَمٍ لَمْ يُقَبِّلْهُ».18 Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.
19 فَذَهَبَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ وَوَجَدَ أَلِيشَعَ بْنَ شَافَاطَ يَحْرُثُ، وَاثْنَا عَشَرَ فَدَّانَ بَقَرٍ قُدَّامَهُ، وَهُوَ مَعَ الثَّانِي عَشَرَ. فَمَرَّ إِيلِيَّا بِهِ وَطَرَحَ رِدَاءَهُ عَلَيْهِ.19 So he departed thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed by him, and cast his mantle upon him.
20 فَتَرَكَ الْبَقَرَ وَرَكَضَ وَرَاءَ إِيلِيَّا وَقَالَ: «دَعْنِي أُقَبِّلْ أَبِي وَأُمِّي وَأَسِيرَ وَرَاءَكَ». فَقَالَ لَهُ: «اذْهَبْ رَاجِعًا، لأَنِّي مَاذَا فَعَلْتُ لَكَ؟»20 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go back again: for what have I done to thee?
21 فَرَجَعَ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَأَخَذَ فَدَّانَ بَقَرٍ وَذَبَحَهُمَا، وَسَلَقَ اللَّحْمَ بِأَدَوَاتِ الْبَقَرِ وَأَعْطَى الشَّعْبَ فَأَكَلُوا. ثُمَّ قَامَ وَمَضَى وَرَاءَ إِيلِيَّا وَكَانَ يَخْدِمُهُ. 21 And he returned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.
رتمة
انظر رتم أعلاه.
رَضْف
حجارة محماة بالنار كان القدماء يخبزون عليها الخبز وما شابه.
أدوات
مفردها أداة: وتشير هنا إلى آلة الفلاحة الخشبية، أي النير والعود.