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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الملوك الأول [6] 1Kings
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ فِي سَنَةِ الأَرْبَعِ مِئَةٍ وَالثَّمَانِينَ لِخُرُوجِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، فِي السَّنَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ لِمُلْكِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، فِي شَهْرِ زِيُو وَهُوَ الشَّهْرُ الثَّانِي، أَنَّهُ بَنَى الْبَيْتَ لِلرَّبِّ.1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
2 وَالْبَيْتُ الَّذِي بَنَاهُ الْمَلِكُ سُلَيْمَانُ لِلرَّبِّ طُولُهُ سِتُّونَ ذِرَاعًا، وَعَرْضُهُ عِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعًا، وَسَمْكُهُ ثَلاَثُونَ ذِرَاعًا.2 And the house which king Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits.
3 وَالرِّوَاقُ قُدَّامَ هَيْكَلِ الْبَيْتِ طُولُهُ عِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعًا حَسَبَ عَرْضِ الْبَيْتِ، وَعَرْضُهُ عَشَرُ أَذْرُعٍ قُدَّامَ الْبَيْتِ.3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house.
4 وَعَمِلَ لِلْبَيْتِ كُوًى مَسْقُوفَةً مُشَبَّكَةً.4 And for the house he made windows of narrow lights.
5 وَبَنَى مَعَ حَائِطِ الْبَيْتِ طِبَاقًا حَوَالَيْهِ مَعَ حِيطَانِ الْبَيْتِ حَوْلَ الْهَيْكَلِ وَالْمِحْرَابِ، وَعَمِلَ غُرُفَاتٍ فِي مُسْتَدِيرِهَا.5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:
6 فَالطَّبَقَةُ السُّفْلَى عَرْضُهَا خَمْسُ أَذْرُعٍ، وَالْوُسْطَى عَرْضُهَا سِتُّ أَذْرُعٍ، وَالثَّالِثَةُ عَرْضُهَا سَبْعُ أَذْرُعٍ، لأَنَّهُ جَعَلَ لِلْبَيْتِ حَوَالَيْهِ مِنْ خَارِجٍ أخْصَامًا لِئَلاَّ تَتَمَكَّنَ الْجَوَائِزُ فِي حِيطَانِ الْبَيْتِ. 6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
7 وَالْبَيْتُ فِي بِنَائِهِ بُنِيَ بِحِجَارَةٍ صَحِيحَةٍ مُقْتَلَعَةٍ، وَلَمْ يُسْمَعْ فِي الْبَيْتِ عِنْدَ بِنَائِهِ مِنْحَتٌ وَلاَ مِعْوَلٌ وَلاَ أَدَاةٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ.7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.
8 وَكَانَ بَابُ الْغُرْفَةِ الْوُسْطَى فِي جَانِبِ الْبَيْتِ الأَيْمَنِ، وَكَانُوا يَصْعَدُونَ بِدَرَجٍ مُعَطَّفٍ إِلَى الْوُسْطَى، وَمِنَ الْوُسْطَى إِلَى الثَّالِثَةِ.8 The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third.
9 فَبَنَى الْبَيْتَ وَأَكْمَلَهُ، وَسَقَفَ الْبَيْتَ بِأَلْوَاحٍ وَجَوَائِزَ مِنَ الأَرْزِ.9 So he built the house, and finished it; and covered the house with beams and boards of cedar.
10 وَبَنَى الْغُرُفَاتِ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ كُلِّهِ سَمْكُهَا خَمْسُ أَذْرُعٍ، وَتَمَكَّنَتْ فِي الْبَيْتِ بِخَشَبِ أَرْزٍ.10 And then he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house with timber of cedar.
11 وَكَانَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى سُلَيْمَانَ قَائِلاً:11 And the word of the LORD came to Solomon, saying,
12 «هذَا الْبَيْتُ الَّذِي أَنْتَ بَانِيهِ، إِنْ سَلَكْتَ فِي فَرَائِضِي وَعَمِلْتَ أَحْكَامِي وَحَفِظْتَ كُلَّ وَصَايَايَ لِلسُّلُوكِ بِهَا، فَإِنِّي أُقِيمُ مَعَكَ كَلاَمِي الَّذِي تَكَلَّمْتُ بِهِ إِلَى دَاوُدَ أَبِيكَ،12 Concerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I perform my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father:
13 وَأَسْكُنُ فِي وَسَطِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَلاَ أَتْرُكُ شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ».13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.
14 فَبَنَى سُلَيْمَانُ الْبَيْتَ وَأَكْمَلَهُ.14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it.
15 وَبَنَى حِيطَانَ الْبَيْتِ مِنْ دَاخِل بِأَضْلاَعِ أَرْزٍ مِنْ أَرْضِ الْبَيْتِ إِلَى حِيطَانِ السَّقْفِ، وَغَشَّاهُ مِنْ دَاخِل بِخَشَبٍ، وَفَرَشَ أَرْضَ الْبَيْتِ بِأَخْشَابِ سَرْوٍ.15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the ceiling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir.
16 وَبَنَى عِشْرِينَ ذِرَاعًا مِنْ مُؤَخَّرِ الْبَيْتِ بِأَضْلاَعِ أَرْزٍ مِنَ الأَرْضِ إِلَى الْحِيطَانِ. وَبَنَى دَاخِلَهُ لأَجْلِ الْمِحْرَابِ، أَيْ قُدْسِ الأَقْدَاسِ.16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle, even for the most holy place.
17 وَأَرْبَعُونَ ذِرَاعًا كَانَتِ الْبَيْتَ، أَيِ الْهَيْكَلَ الَّذِي أَمَامَهُ.17 And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long.
18 وَأَرْزُ الْبَيْتِ مِنْ دَاخِل كَانَ مَنْقُورًا عَلَى شِكْلِ قِثَّاءٍ وَبَرَاعِمِ زُهُورٍ. الْجَمِيعُ أَرْزٌ. لَمْ يَكُنْ يُرَى حَجَرٌ.18 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen.
19 وَهَيَّأَ مِحْرَابًا فِي وَسَطِ الْبَيْتِ مِنْ دَاخِل لِيَضَعَ هُنَاكَ تَابُوتَ عَهْدِ الرَّبِّ. 19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
20 وَلأَجْلِ الْمِحْرَابِ عِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعًا طُولاً وَعِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعًا عَرْضًا وَعِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعًا سَمْكًا. وَغَشَّاهُ بِذَهَبٍ خَالِصٍ، وَغَشَّى الْمَذْبَحَ بِأَرْزٍ.20 And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar.
21 وَغَشَّى سُلَيْمَانُ الْبَيْتَ مِنْ دَاخِل بِذَهَبٍ خَالِصٍ. وَسَدَّ بِسَلاَسِلِ ذَهَبٍ قُدَّامَ الْمِحْرَابِ. وَغَشَّاهُ بِذَهَبٍ.21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold.
22 وَجَمِيعُ الْبَيْتِ غَشَّاهُ بِذَهَبٍ إِلَى تَمَامِ كُلِّ الْبَيْتِ، وَكُلُّ الْمَذْبَحِ الَّذِي لِلْمِحْرَابِ غَشَّاهُ بِذَهَبٍ.22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until he had finished all the house: also the whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold.
23 وَعَمِلَ فِي الْمِحْرَابِ كَرُوبَيْنِ مِنْ خَشَبِ الزَّيْتُونِ، عُلُوُّ الْوَاحِدِ عَشَرُ أَذْرُعٍ.23 And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.
24 وَخَمْسُ أَذْرُعٍ جَنَاحُ الْكَرُوبِ الْوَاحِدُ، وَخَمْسُ أَذْرُعٍ جَنَاحُ الْكَرُوبِ الآخَرُ. عَشَرُ أَذْرُعٍ مِنْ طَرَفِ جَنَاحِهِ إِلَى طَرَفِ جَنَاحِهِ.24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits.
25 وَعَشَرُ أَذْرُعٍ الْكَرُوبُ الآخَرُ. قِيَاسٌ وَاحِدٌ، وَشَكْلٌ وَاحِدٌ لِلْكَرُوبَيْنِ.25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubim were of one measure and one size.
26 عُلُوُّ الْكَرُوبِ الْوَاحِدِ عَشَرُ أَذْرُعٍ وَكَذَا الْكَرُوبُ الآخَرُ.26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub.
27 وَجَعَلَ الْكَرُوبَيْنِ فِي وَسَطِ الْبَيْتِ الدَّاخِلِيِّ، وَبَسَطُوا أَجْنِحَةَ الْكَرُوبَيْنِ فَمَسَّ جَنَاحُ الْوَاحِدِ الْحَائِطَ وَجَنَاحُ الْكَرُوبِ الآخَرِ مَسَّ الْحَائِطَ الآخَرَ. وَكَانَتْ أَجْنِحَتُهُمَا فِي وَسَطِ الْبَيْتِ يَمَسُّ أَحَدُهُمَا الآخَرَ.27 And he set the cherubim within the inner house: and they stretched forth the wings of the cherubim, so that the wing of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house.
28 وَغَشَّى الْكَرُوبَيْنِ بِذَهَبٍ.28 And he overlaid the cherubim with gold.
29 وَجَمِيعُ حِيطَانِ الْبَيْتِ فِي مُسْتَدِيرِهَا رَسَمَهَا نَقْشًا بِنَقْرِ كَرُوبِيمَ وَنَخِيل وَبَرَاعِمِ زُهُورٍ مِنْ دَاخِل وَمِنْ خَارِجٍ.29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.
30 وَغَشَّى أَرْضَ الْبَيْتِ بِذَهَبٍ مِنْ دَاخِل وَمِنْ خَارِجٍ.30 And the floors of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.
31 وَعَمِلَ لِبَابِ الْمِحْرَابِ مِصْرَاعَيْنِ مِنْ خَشَبِ الزَّيْتُونِ. السَّاكِفُ وَالْقَائِمَتَانِ مُخَمَّسَةٌ. 31 And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree: the lintel and side posts were a fifth part of the wall.
32 وَالْمِصْرَاعَانِ مِنْ خَشَبِ الزَّيْتُونِ. وَرَسَمَ عَلَيْهِمَا نَقْشَ كَرُوبِيمَ وَنَخِيل وَبَرَاعِمِ زُهُورٍ، وَغَشَّاهُمَا بِذَهَبٍ، وَرَصَّعَ الْكَرُوبِيمَ وَالنَّخِيلَ بِذَهَبٍ.32 The two doors also were of olive tree; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubim, and upon the palm trees.
33 وَكَذلِكَ عَمِلَ لِمَدْخَلِ الْهَيْكَلِ قَوَائِمَ مِنْ خَشَبِ الزَّيْتُونِ مُرَبَّعَةً،33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts of olive tree, a fourth part of the wall.
34 وَمِصْرَاعَيْنِ مِنْ خَشَبِ السَّرْوِ. الْمِصْرَاعُ الْوَاحِدُ دَفَّتَانِ تَنْطَوِيَانِ، وَالْمِصْرَاعُ الآخَرُ دَفَّتَانِ تَنْطَوِيَانِ.34 And the two doors were of fir tree: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding.
35 وَنَحَتَ كَرُوبِيمَ وَنَخِيلاً وَبَرَاعِمَ زُهُورٍ، وَغَشَّاهَا بِذَهَبٍ مُطَرَّق عَلَى الْمَنْقُوشِ.35 And he carved thereon cherubim and palm trees and open flowers: and covered them with gold fitted upon the carved work.
36 وَبَنَى الدَّارَ الدَّاخِلِيَّةَ ثَلاَثَةَ صُفُوفٍ مَنْحُوتَةٍ، وَصَفًّا مِنْ جَوَائِزِ الأَرْزِ.36 And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.
37 فِي السَّنَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ أُسِّسَ بَيْتُ الرَّبِّ فِي شَهْرِ زِيُو.37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif:
38 وَفِي السَّنَةِ الْحَادِيَةَِ عَشَرَةَ فِي شَهْرِ بُولَ، وَهُوَ الشَّهْرُ الثَّامِنُ، أُكْمِلَ الْبَيْتُ فِي جَمِيعِ أُمُورِهِ وَأَحْكَامِهِ. فَبَنَاهُ فِي سَبْعِ سِنِينٍ.38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.
أخصام
مفردها خُصم: دعامة تسند جسر الخشب، زاوية.
جوائز
مفردها جائز: عارضة، جسر من خشب.
محراب
أفضل وأكرم مكان في البيت صدر المجلس.
ساكِف
عتبة الباب العليا.