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إصحاحات Chapters
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أستير [3] Esther
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Chapter Summary
1 بَعْدَ هذِهِ الأُمُورِ عَظَّمَ الْمَلِكُ أَحَشْوِيرُوشُ هَامَانَ بْنَ هَمَدَاثَا الأَجَاجِيَّ وَرَقَّاهُ، وَجَعَلَ كُرْسِيَّهُ فَوْقَ جَمِيعِ الرُّؤَسَاءِ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ.1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.
2 فَكَانَ كُلُّ عَبِيدِ الْمَلِكِ الَّذِينَ بِبَابِ الْمَلِكِ يَجْثُونَ وَيَسْجُدُونَ لِهَامَانَ، لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا أَوْصَى بِهِ الْمَلِكُ. وَأَمَّا مُرْدَخَايُ فَلَمْ يَجْثُ وَلَمْ يَسْجُدْ.2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.
3 فَقَالَ عَبِيدُ الْمَلِكِ الَّذِينَ بِبَابِ الْمَلِكِ لِمُرْدَخَايَ: «لِمَاذَا تَتَعَدَّى أَمْرَ الْمَلِكِ؟»3 Then the king's servants, which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment?
4 وَإِذْ كَانُوا يُكَلِّمُونَهُ يَوْمًا فَيَوْمًا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَسْمَعْ لَهُمْ، أَخْبَرُوا هَامَانَ لِيَرَوْا هَلْ يَقُومُ كَلاَمُ مُرْدَخَايَ، لأَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُمْ بِأَنَّهُ يَهُودِيٌّ.4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew.
5 وَلَمَّا رَأَى هَامَانُ أَنَّ مُرْدَخَايَ لاَ يَجْثُو وَلاَ يَسْجُدُ لَهُ، امْتَلأَ هَامَانُ غَضَبًا.5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.
6 وَازْدُرِيَ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ أَنْ يَمُدَّ يَدَهُ إِلَى مُرْدَخَايَ وَحْدَهُ، لأَنَّهُمْ أَخْبَرُوهُ عَنْ شَعْبِ مُرْدَخَايَ. فَطَلَبَ هَامَانُ أَنْ يُهْلِكَ جَمِيعَ الْيَهُودِ الَّذِينَ فِي كُلِّ مَمْلَكَةِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ، شَعْبَ مُرْدَخَايَ.6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.
7 فِي الشَّهْرِ الأَوَّلِ، أَيْ شَهْرِ نِيسَانَ، فِي السَّنَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ عَشَرَةَ لِلْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ، كَانُوا يُلْقُونَ فُورًا، أَيْ قُرْعَةً، أَمَامَ هَامَانَ، مِنْ يَوْمٍ إِلَى يَوْمٍ، وَمِنْ شَهْرٍ إِلَى شَهْرٍ، إِلَى الثَّانِي عَشَرَ، أَيْ شَهْرِ أَذَارَ.7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.
8 فَقَالَ هَامَانُ لِلْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ: «إِنَّهُ مَوْجُودٌ شَعْبٌ مَّا مُتَشَتِّتٌ وَمُتَفَرِّقٌ بَيْنَ الشُّعُوبِ فِي كُلِّ بِلاَدِ مَمْلَكَتِكَ، وَسُنَنُهُمْ مُغَايِرَةٌ لِجَمِيعِ الشُّعُوبِ، وَهُمْ لاَ يَعْمَلُونَ سُنَنَ الْمَلِكِ، فَلاَ يَلِيقُ بِالْمَلِكِ تَرْكُهُمْ.8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.
9 فَإِذَا حَسُنَ عِنْدَ الْمَلِكِ فَلْيُكْتَبْ أَنْ يُبَادُوا، وَأَنَا أَزِنُ عَشَرَةَ آلاَفِ وَزْنَةٍ مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ فِي أَيْدِي الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الْعَمَلَ لِيُؤْتَى بِهَا إِلَى خَزَائِنِ الْمَلِكِ».9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
10 فَنَزَعَ الْمَلِكُ خَاتَمَهُ مِنْ يَدِهِ وَأَعْطَاهُ لِهَامَانَ بْنِ هَمَدَاثَا الأَجَاجِيِّ عَدُوِّ الْيَهُودِ.10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
11 وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ لِهَامَانَ: «الْفِضَّةُ قَدْ أُعْطِيَتْ لَكَ، وَالشَّعْبُ أَيْضًا، لِتَفْعَلَ بِهِ مَا يَحْسُنُ فِي عَيْنَيْكَ».11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.
12 فَدُعِيَ كُتَّابُ الْمَلِكِ فِي الشَّهْرِ الأَوَّلِ، فِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ مِنْهُ، وَكُتِبَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرَ بِهِ هَامَانُ إِلَى مَرَازِبَةِ الْمَلِكِ وَإِلَى وُلاَةِ بِلاَدٍ فَبِلاَدٍ، وَإِلَى رُؤَسَاءِ شَعْبٍ فَشَعْبٍ، كُلِّ بِلاَدٍ كَكِتَابَتِهَا، وَكُلِّ شَعْبٍ كَلِسَانِهِ، كُتِبَ بِاسْمِ الْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ وَخُتِمَ بِخَاتَمِ الْمَلِكِ.12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.
13 وَأُرْسِلَتِ الْكِتَابَاتُ بِيَدِ السُّعَاةِ إِلَى كُلِّ بُلْدَانِ الْمَلِكِ لإِهْلاَكِ وَقَتْلِ وَإِبَادَةِ جَمِيعِ الْيَهُودِ، مِنَ الْغُلاَمِ إِلَى الشَّيْخِ وَالأَطْفَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ فِي يَوْمٍ وَاحِدٍ، فِي الثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي عَشَرَ، أَيْ شَهْرِ أَذَارَ، وَأَنْ يَسْلِبُوا غَنِيمَتَهُمْ.13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.
14 صُورَةُ الْكِتَابَةِ الْمُعْطَاةِ سُنَّةً فِي كُلِّ الْبُلْدَانِ، أُشْهِرَتْ بَيْنَ جَمِيعِ الشُّعُوبِ لِيَكُونُوا مُسْتَعِدِّينَ لِهذَا الْيَوْمِ.14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.
15 فَخَرَجَ السُّعَاةُ وَأَمْرُ الْمَلِكِ يَحُثُّهُمْ، وَأُعْطِيَ الأَمْرُ فِي شُوشَنَ الْقَصْرِ. وَجَلَسَ الْمَلِكُ وَهَامَانُ لِلشُّرْبِ، وَأَمَّا الْمَدِينَةُ شُوشَنُ فَارْتَبَكَتْ.15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.