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28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
37 38 39 40 41 42

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أيوب [31] Job
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Chapter Summary
1 «عَهْدًا قَطَعْتُ لِعَيْنَيَّ، فَكَيْفَ أَتَطَلَّعُ فِي عَذْرَاءَ؟1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?
2 وَمَا هِيَ قِسْمَةُ اللهِ مِنْ فَوْقُ، وَنَصِيبُ الْقَدِيرِ مِنَ الأَعَالِي؟2 For what portion of God is there from above? and what inheritance of the Almighty from on high?
3 أَلَيْسَ الْبَوَارُ لِعَامِلِ الشَّرِّ، وَالنُّكْرُ لِفَاعِلِي الإِثْمِ؟ 3 Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?
4 أَلَيْسَ هُوَ يَنْظُرُ طُرُقِي، وَيُحْصِي جَمِيعَ خَطَوَاتِي؟4 Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps?
5 إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ سَلَكْتُ مَعَ الْكَذِبِ، أَوْ أَسْرَعَتْ رِجْلِي إِلَى الْغِشِّ،5 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit;
6 لِيَزِنِّي فِي مِيزَانِ الْحَقِّ، فَيَعْرِفَ اللهُ كَمَالِي.6 Let me be weighed in an even balance that God may know mine integrity.
7 إِنْ حَادَتْ خَطَوَاتِي عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ، وَذَهَبَ قَلْبِي وَرَاءَ عَيْنَيَّ، أَوْ لَصِقَ عَيْبٌ بِكَفِّي،7 If my step hath turned out of the way, and mine heart walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands;
8 أَزْرَعْ وَغَيْرِي يَأْكُلْ، وَفُرُوعِي تُسْتَأْصَلْ.8 Then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out.
9 «إِنْ غَوِيَ قَلْبِي عَلَى امْرَأَةٍ، أَوْ كَمَنْتُ عَلَى بَابِ قَرِيبِي،9 If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighbour's door;
10 فَلْتَطْحَنِ امْرَأَتِي لآخَرَ، وَلْيَنْحَنِ عَلَيْهَا آخَرُونَ.10 Then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.
11 لأَنَّ هذِهِ رَذِيلَةٌ، وَهِيَ إِثْمٌ يُعْرَضُ لِلْقُضَاةِ.11 For this is an heinous crime; yea, it is an iniquity to be punished by the judges.
12 لأَنَّهَا نَارٌ تَأْكُلُ حَتَّى إِلَى الْهَلاَكِ، وَتَسْتَأْصِلُ كُلَّ مَحْصُولِي.12 For it is a fire that consumeth to destruction, and would root out all mine increase.
13 «إِنْ كُنْتُ رَفَضْتُ حَقَّ عَبْدِي وَأَمَتِي فِي دَعْوَاهُمَا عَلَيَّ،13 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;
14 فَمَاذَا كُنْتُ أَصْنَعُ حِينَ يَقُومُ اللهُ؟ وَإِذَا افْتَقَدَ، فَبِمَاذَا أُجِيبُهُ؟14 What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?
15 أَوَلَيْسَ صَانِعِي فِي الْبَطْنِ صَانِعَهُ، وَقَدْ صَوَّرَنَا وَاحِدٌ فِي الرَّحِمِ؟15 Did not he that made me in the womb make him? and did not one fashion us in the womb?
16 إِنْ كُنْتُ مَنَعْتُ الْمَسَاكِينَ عَنْ مُرَادِهِمْ، أَوْ أَفْنَيْتُ عَيْنَيِ الأَرْمَلَةِ،16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;
17 أَوْ أَكَلْتُ لُقْمَتِي وَحْدِي فَمَا أَكَلَ مِنْهَا الْيَتِيمُ.17 Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof;
18 بَلْ مُنْذُ صِبَايَ كَبِرَ عِنْدِي كَأَبٍ، وَمِنْ بَطْنِ أُمِّي هَدَيْتُهَا.18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)
19 إِنْ كُنْتُ رَأَيْتُ هَالِكًا لِعَدَمِ اللِّبْسِ أَوْ فَقِيرًا بِلاَ كِسْوَةٍ،19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;
20 إِنْ لَمْ تُبَارِكْنِي حَقَوَاهُ وَقَدِ اسْتَدْفَأَ بِجَزَّةِ غَنَمِي.20 If his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
21 إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ هَزَزْتُ يَدِي عَلَى الْيَتِيمِ لَمَّا رَأَيْتُ عَوْنِي فِي الْبَابِ،21 If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:
22 فَلْتَسْقُطْ عَضُدِي مِنْ كَتِفِي، وَلْتَنْكَسِرْ ذِرَاعِي مِنْ قَصَبَتِهَا، 22 Then let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone.
23 لأَنَّ الْبَوَارَ مِنَ اللهِ رُعْبٌ عَلَيَّ، وَمِنْ جَلاَلِهِ لَمْ أَسْتَطِعْ.23 For destruction from God was a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.
24 «إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ جَعَلْتُ الذَّهَبَ عَمْدَتِي، أَوْ قُلْتُ لِلإِبْرِيزِ: أَنْتَ مُتَّكَلِي.24 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, Thou art my confidence;
25 إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ فَرِحْتُ إِذْ كَثُرَتْ ثَرْوَتِي وَلأَنَّ يَدِي وَجَدَتْ كَثِيرًا.25 If I rejoice because my wealth was great, and because mine hand had gotten much;
26 إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ نَظَرْتُ إِلَى النُّورِ حِينَ ضَاءَ، أَوْ إِلَى الْقَمَرِ يَسِيرُ بِالْبَهَاءِ،26 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness;
27 وَغَوِيَ قَلْبِي سِرًّا، وَلَثَمَ يَدِي فَمِي،27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:
28 فَهذَا أَيْضًا إِثْمٌ يُعْرَضُ لِلْقُضَاةِ، لأَنِّي أَكُونُ قَدْ جَحَدْتُ اللهَ مِنْ فَوْقُ.28 This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.
29 «إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ فَرِحْتُ بِبَلِيَّةِ مُبْغِضِي أَوْ شَمِتُّ حِينَ أَصَابَهُ سُوءٌ.29 If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:
30 بَلْ لَمْ أَدَعْ حَنَكِي يُخْطِئُ فِي طَلَبِ نَفْسِهِ بِلَعْنَةٍ.30 Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.
31 إِنْ كَانَ أَهْلُ خَيْمَتِي لَمْ يَقُولُوا: مَنْ يَأْتِي بِأَحَدٍ لَمْ يَشْبَعْ مِنْ طَعَامِهِ؟31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.
32 غَرِيبٌ لَمْ يَبِتْ فِي الْخَارِجِ. فَتَحْتُ لِلْمُسَافِرِ أَبْوَابِي.32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller.
33 إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ كَتَمْتُ كَالنَّاسِ ذَنْبِي لإِخْفَاءِ إِثْمِي فِي حِضْنِي.33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:
34 إِذْ رَهِبْتُ جُمْهُورًا غَفِيرًا، وَرَوَّعَتْنِي إِهَانَةُ الْعَشَائِرِ، فَكَفَفْتُ وَلَمْ أَخْرُجْ مِنَ الْبَابِ.34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?
35 مَنْ لِي بِمَنْ يَسْمَعُنِي؟ هُوَذَا إِمْضَائِي. لِيُجِبْنِي الْقَدِيرُ. وَمَنْ لِي بِشَكْوَى كَتَبَهَا خَصْمِي،35 Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that mine adversary had written a book.
36 فَكُنْتُ أَحْمِلُهَا عَلَى كَتِفِي. كُنْتُ أُعْصِبُهَا تَاجًا لِي.36 Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to me.
37 كُنْتُ أُخْبِرُهُ بِعَدَدِ خَطَوَاتِي وَأَدْنُو مِنْهُ كَشَرِيفٍ.37 I would declare unto him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near unto him.
38 إِنْ كَانَتْ أَرْضِي قَدْ صَرَخَتْ عَلَيَّ وَتَبَاكَتْ أَتْلاَمُهَا جَمِيعًا.38 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;
39 إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ أَكَلْتُ غَلَّتَهَا بِلاَ فِضَّةٍ، أَوْ أَطْفَأْتُ أَنْفُسَ أَصْحَابِهَا،39 If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
40 فَعِوَضَ الْحِنْطَةِ لِيَنْبُتْ شَوْكٌ، وَبَدَلَ الشَّعِيرِ زَوَانٌ». تَمَّتْ أَقْوَالُ أَيُّوبَ.40 Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.
نُكْر
أمر قبيح. مصيبة.
عَضُد
الجزء الأعلى من الذراع بين المرفق والكتف.