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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أيوب [32] Job
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Chapter Summary
1 فَكَفَّ هؤُلاَءِ الرِّجَالُ الثَّلاَثَةُ عَنْ مُجَاوَبَةِ أَيُّوبَ لِكَوْنِهِ بَارًّا فِي عَيْنَيْ نَفْسِهِ.1 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.
2 فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ أَلِيهُوَ بْنِ بَرَخْئِيلَ الْبُوزِيِّ مِنْ عَشِيرَةِ رَامٍ. عَلَى أَيُّوبَ حَمِيَ غَضَبُهُ لأنَّهُ حَسَبَ نَفْسَهُ أَبَرَّ مِنَ اللهِ.2 Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God.
3 وَعَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ الثَّلاَثَةِ حَمِيَ غَضَبُهُ، لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَجِدُوا جَوَابًا وَاسْتَذْنَبُوا أَيُّوبَ.3 Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.
4 وَكَانَ أَلِيهُو قَدْ صَبَرَ عَلَى أَيُّوبَ بِالْكَلاَمِ، لأَنَّهُمْ أَكْثَرُ مِنْهُ أَيَّامًا.4 Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he.
5 فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَلِيهُو أَنَّهُ لاَ جَوَابَ فِي أَفْوَاهِ الرِّجَالِ الثَّلاَثَةِ حَمِيَ غَضَبُهُ.5 When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, then his wrath was kindled.
6 فَأَجَابَ أَلِيهُو بْنُ بَرَخْئِيلَ الْبُوزِيُّ وَقَالَ: «أَنَا صَغِيرٌ فِي الأَيَّامِ وَأَنْتُمْ شُيُوخٌ، لأَجْلِ ذلِكَ خِفْتُ وَخَشِيتُ أَنْ أُبْدِيَ لَكُمْ رَأْيِيِ.6 And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said, I am young, and ye are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not shew you mine opinion.
7 قُلْتُ: الأَيَّامُ تَتَكَلَّمُ وَكَثْرَةُ السِّنِينَِ تُظْهِرُ حِكْمَةً.7 I said, Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.
8 وَلكِنَّ فِي النَّاسِ رُوحًا، وَنَسَمَةُ الْقَدِيرِ تُعَقِّلُهُمْ.8 But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.
9 لَيْسَ الْكَثِيرُو الأَيَّامِ حُكَمَاءَ، وَلاَ الشُّيُوخُ يَفْهَمُونَ الْحَقَّ.9 Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.
10 لِذلِكَ قُلْتُ: اسْمَعُونِي. أَنَا أَيْضًا أُبْدِي رَأْيِيِ.10 Therefore I said, Hearken to me; I also will shew mine opinion.
11 هأَنَذَا قَدْ صَبِرْتُ لِكَلاَمِكُمْ. أَصْغَيْتُ إِلَى حُجَجِكُمْ حَتَّى فَحَصْتُمُ الأَقْوَالَ.11 Behold, I waited for your words; I gave ear to your reasons, whilst ye searched out what to say.
12 فَتَأَمَّلْتُ فِيكُمْ وَإِذْ لَيْسَ مَنْ حَجَّ أَيُّوبَ، وَلاَ جَوَابَ مِنْكُمْ لِكَلاَمِهِ. 12 Yea, I attended unto you, and, behold, there was none of you that convinced Job, or that answered his words:
13 فَلاَ تَقُولُوا: قَدْ وَجَدْنَا حِكْمَةً. اَللهُ يَغْلِبُهُ لاَ الإِنْسَانُ.13 Lest ye should say, We have found out wisdom: God thrusteth him down, not man.
14 فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يُوَجِّهْ إِلَيَّ كَلاَمَهُ وَلاَ أَرُدُّ عَلَيْهِ أَنَا بِكَلاَمِكُمْ.14 Now he hath not directed his words against me: neither will I answer him with your speeches.
15 تَحَيَّرُوا. لَمْ يُجِيبُوا بَعْدُ. انْتَزَعَ عَنْهُمُ الْكَلاَمُ.15 They were amazed, they answered no more: they left off speaking.
16 فَانْتَظَرْتُ لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمُوا. لأَنَّهُمْ وَقَفُوا، لَمْ يُجِيبُوا بَعْدُ.16 When I had waited, (for they spake not, but stood still, and answered no more;)
17 فَأُجِيبُ أَنَا أَيْضًا حِصَّتِي، وَأُبْدِي أَنَا أَيْضًا رَأْيِيِ.17 I said, I will answer also my part, I also will shew mine opinion.
18 لأَنِّي مَلآنٌ أَقْوَالاً. رُوحُ بَاطِنِي تُضَايِقُنِي.18 For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth me.
19 هُوَذَا بَطْنِي كَخَمْرٍ لَمْ تُفْتَحْ. كَالزِّقَاقِ الْجَدِيدَةِ يَكَادُ يَنْشَقُّ.19 Behold, my belly is as wine which hath no vent; it is ready to burst like new bottles.
20 أَتَكَلَّمُ فَأُفْرَجُ. أَفْتَحُ شَفَتَيَّ وَأُجِيبُ.20 I will speak, that I may be refreshed: I will open my lips and answer.
21 لاَ أُحَابِيَنَّ وَجْهَ رَجُل وَلاَ أَمْلُثُ إِنْسَانًا. 21 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles unto man.
22 لأَنِّي لاَ أَعْرِفُ الْمَلْثَ. لأَنَّهُ عَنْ قَلِيل يَأْخُذُنِي صَانِعِي. 22 For I know not to give flattering titles; in so doing my maker would soon take me away.
حَجّ
أفحم، غلب بالحجة والبرهان.
أمْلُث
أداهن، أمدح إنساناً بما ليس فيه.
مَلْث
مداهنة. مَلَثه: طيَّب نفسه بوعد لا ينوي وفاءه.