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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أيوب [34] Job
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Chapter Summary
1 فَأَجَابَ أَلِيهُو وَقَالَ:1 Furthermore Elihu answered and said,
2 «اسْمَعُوا أَقْوَالِي أَيُّهَا الْحُكَمَاءُ، وَاصْغَوْا لِي أَيُّهَا الْعَارِفُونَ.2 Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge.
3 لأَنَّ الأُذُنَ تَمْتَحِنُ الأَقْوَالَ، كَمَا أَنَّ الْحَنَكَ يَذُوقُ طَعَامًا.3 For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.
4 لِنَمْتَحِنْ لأَنْفُسِنَا الْحَقَّ، وَنَعْرِفْ بَيْنَ أَنْفُسِنَا مَا هُوَ طَيِّبٌ.4 Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good.
5 «لأَنَّ أَيُّوبَ قَالَ: تَبَرَّرْتُ، وَاللهُ نَزَعَ حَقِّي.5 For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment.
6 عِنْدَ مُحَاكَمَتِي أُكَذَّبُ. جُرْحِي عَدِيمُ الشِّفَاءِ مِنْ دُونِ ذَنْبٍ.6 Should I lie against my right? my wound is incurable without transgression.
7 فَأَيُّ إِنْسَانٍ كَأَيُّوبَ يَشْرَبُ الْهُزْءَ كَالْمَاءِ،7 What man is like Job, who drinketh up scorning like water?
8 وَيَسِيرُ مُتَّحِدًا مَعَ فَاعِلِي الإِثْمِ، وَذَاهِبًا مَعَ أَهْلِ الشَّرِّ؟8 Which goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with wicked men.
9 لأَنَّهُ قَالَ: لاَ يَنْتَفِعُ الإِنْسَانُ بِكَوْنِهِ مَرْضِيًّا عِنْدَ اللهِ.9 For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.
10 «لأَجْلِ ذلِكَ اسْمَعُوا لِي يَا ذَوِي الأَلْبَابِ. حَاشَا ِللهِ مِنَ الشَّرِّ، وَلِلْقَدِيرِ مِنَ الظُّلْمِ.10 Therefore hearken unto me ye men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.
11 لأَنَّهُ يُجَازِي الإِنْسَانَ عَلَى فِعْلِهِ، وَيُنِيلُ الرَّجُلَ كَطَرِيقِهِ.11 For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.
12 فَحَقًّا إِنَّ اللهَ لاَ يَفْعَلُ سُوءًا، وَالْقَدِيرَ لاَ يُعَوِّجُ الْقَضَاءَ.12 Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment.
13 مَنْ وَكَّلَهُ بِالأَرْضِ، وَمَنْ صَنَعَ الْمَسْكُونَةَ كُلَّهَا؟13 Who hath given him a charge over the earth? or who hath disposed the whole world?
14 إِنْ جَعَلَ عَلَيْهِ قَلْبَهُ، إِنْ جَمَعَ إِلَى نَفْسِهِ رُوحَهُ وَنَسَمَتَهُ،14 If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
15 يُسَلِّمُ الرُّوحَ كُلُّ بَشَرٍ جَمِيعًا، وَيَعُودُ الإِنْسَانُ إِلَى التُّرَابِ.15 All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
16 فَإِنْ كَانَ لَكَ فَهْمٌ فَاسْمَعْ هذَا، وَاصْغَ إِلَى صَوْتِ كَلِمَاتِي.16 If now thou hast understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my words.
17 أَلَعَلَّ مَنْ يُبْغِضُ الْحَقَّ يَتَسَلَّطُ، أَمِ الْبَارَّ الْكَبِيرَ تَسْتَذْنِبُ؟17 Shall even he that hateth right govern? and wilt thou condemn him that is most just?
18 أَيُقَالُ لِلْمَلِكِ: يَا لَئِيمُ، وَلِلْنُدَبَاءِ: يَا أَشْرَارُ؟ 18 Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked? and to princes, Ye are ungodly?
19 الَّذِي لاَ يُحَابِي بِوُجُوهِ الرُّؤَسَاءِ، وَلاَ يَعْتَبِرُ مُوسَعًا دُونَ فَقِيرٍ. لأَنَّهُمْ جَمِيعَهُمْ عَمَلُ يَدَيْهِ.19 How much less to him that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.
20 بَغْتَةً يَمُوتُونَ وَفِي نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ. يَرْتَجُّ الشَّعْبُ وَيَزُولُونَ، وَيُنْزَعُ الأَعِزَّاءُ لاَ بِيَدٍ.20 In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
21 لأَنَّ عَيْنَيْهِ عَلَى طُرُقِ الإِنْسَانِ، وَهُوَ يَرَى كُلَّ خَطَوَاتِهِ.21 For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings.
22 لاَ ظَلاَمَ وَلاَ ظِلَّ مَوْتٍ حَيْثُ تَخْتَفِي عُمَّالُ الإِثْمِ.22 There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
23 لأَنَّهُ لاَ يُلاَحِظُ الإِنْسَانَ زَمَانًا لِلدُّخُولِ فِي الْمُحَاكَمَةِ مَعَ اللهِ.23 For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.
24 يُحَطِّمُ الأَعِزَّاءَ مِنْ دُونِ فَحْصٍ، وَيُقِيمُ آخَرِينَ مَكَانَهُمْ.24 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.
25 لكِنَّهُ يَعْرِفُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ، وَيُقَلِّبُهُمْ لَيْلاً فَيَنْسَحِقُونَ.25 Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.
26 لِكَوْنِهِمْ أَشْرَارًا، يَصْفِقُهُمْ فِي مَرْأَى النَّاظِرِينَ.26 He striketh them as wicked men in the open sight of others;
27 لأَنَّهُمُ انْصَرَفُوا مِنْ وَرَائِهِ، وَكُلُّ طُرُقِهِ لَمْ يَتَأَمَّلُوهَا،27 Because they turned back from him, and would not consider any of his ways:
28 حَتَّى بَلَّغُوا إِلَيْهِ صُرَاخَ الْمِسْكِينِ، فَسَمِعَ زَعْقَةَ الْبَائِسِينَ.28 So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.
29 إِذَا هُوَ سَكَّنَ، فَمَنْ يَشْغَبُ؟ وَإِذَا حَجَبَ وَجْهَهُ، فَمَنْ يَرَاهُ سَوَاءٌ كَانَ عَلَى أُمَّةٍ أَوْ عَلَى إِنْسَانٍ؟29 When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:
30 حَتَّى لاَ يَمْلِكَ الْفَاجِرُ وَلاَ يَكُونَ شَرَكًا لِلشَّعْبِ.30 That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.
31 «وَلكِنْ هَلْ ِللهِ قَالَ: احْتَمَلْتُ. لاَ أَعُودُ أُفْسِدُ؟31 Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more:
32 مَا لَمْ أُبْصِرْهُ فَأَرِنِيهِ أَنْتَ. إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ فَعَلْتُ إِثْمًا فَلاَ أَعُودُ أَفْعَلُهُ.32 That which I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.
33 هَلْ كَرَأْيِكَ يُجَازِيهِ، قَائِلاً: لأَنَّكَ رَفَضْتَ؟ فَأَنْتَ تَخْتَارُ لاَ أَنَا، وَبِمَا تَعْرِفُهُ تَكَلَّمْ.33 Should it be according to thy mind? he will recompense it, whether thou refuse, or whether thou choose; and not I: therefore speak what thou knowest.
34 ذَوُو الأَلْبَابِ يَقُولُونَ لِي، بَلِ الرَّجُلُ الْحَكِيمُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُنِي يَقُولُ:34 Let men of understanding tell me, and let a wise man hearken unto me.
35 إِنَّ أَيُّوبَ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِلاَ مَعْرِفَةٍ، وَكَلاَمُهُ لَيْسَ بِتَعَقُّل.35 Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom.
36 فَلَيْتَ أَيُّوبَ كَانَ يُمْتَحَنُ إِلَى الْغَايَةِ مِنْ أَجْلِ أَجْوِبَتِهِ كَأَهْلِ الإِثْمِ.36 My desire is that Job may be tried unto the end because of his answers for wicked men.
37 لكِنَّهُ أَضَافَ إِلَى خَطِيَّتِهِ مَعْصِيَةً. يُصَفِّقُ بَيْنَنَا، وَيُكْثِرُ كَلاَمَهُ عَلَى اللهِ».37 For he addeth rebellion unto his sin, he clappeth his hands among us, and multiplieth his words against God.
نُدَباء
مفردها نَدب: شريف يتحلى بالفضائل.