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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد

الأمثال [20] Proverbs
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1 اَلْخَمْرُ مُسْتَهْزِئَةٌ. الْمُسْكِرُ عَجَّاجٌ، وَمَنْ يَتَرَنَّحُ بِهِمَا فَلَيْسَ بِحَكِيمٍ. 1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
2 رُعْبُ الْمَلِكِ كَزَمْجَرَةِ الأَسَدِ. الَّذِي يُغِيظُهُ يُخْطِئُ إِلَى نَفْسِهِ.2 The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul.
3 مَجْدُ الرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَبْتَعِدَ عَنِ الْخِصَامِ، وَكُلُّ أَحْمَقَ يُنَازِعُ.3 It is an honour for a man to cease from strife: but every fool will be meddling.
4 اَلْكَسْلاَنُ لاَ يَحْرُثُ بِسَبَبِ الشِّتَاءِ، فَيَسْتَعْطِي فِي الْحَصَادِ وَلاَ يُعْطَى.4 The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.
5 اَلْمَشُورَةُ فِي قَلْبِ الرَّجُلِ مِيَاهٌ عَمِيقَةٌ، وَذُو الْفِطْنَةِ يَسْتَقِيهَا.5 Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water; but a man of understanding will draw it out.
6 أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ يُنَادُونَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ بِصَلاَحِهِ، أَمَّا الرَّجُلُ الأَمِينُ فَمَنْ يَجِدُهُ؟6 Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful man who can find?
7 اَلصِّدِّيقُ يَسْلُكُ بِكَمَالِهِ. طُوبَى لِبَنِيهِ بَعْدَهُ.7 The just man walketh in his integrity: his children are blessed after him.
8 اَلْمَلِكُ الْجَالِسُ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّ الْقَضَاءِ يُذَرِّي بِعَيْنِهِ كُلَّ شَرّ.8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
9 مَنْ يَقُولُ: «إِنِّي زَكَّيْتُ قَلْبِي، تَطَهَّرْتُ مِنْ خَطِيَّتِي»؟9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
10 مِعْيَارٌ فَمِعْيَارٌ، مِكْيَالٌ فَمِكْيَالٌ، كِلاَهُمَا مَكْرَهَةٌ عِنْدَ الرَّبِّ.10 Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.
11 اَلْوَلَدُ أَيْضًا يُعْرَفُ بِأَفْعَالِهِ، هَلْ عَمَلُهُ نَقِيٌّ وَمُسْتَقِيمٌ؟11 Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right.
12 اَلأُذُنُ السَّامِعَةُ وَالْعَيْنُ الْبَاصِرَةُ، الرَّبُّ صَنَعَهُمَا كِلْتَيْهِمَا.12 The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them.
13 لاَ تُحِبَّ النَّوْمَ لِئَلاَّ تَفْتَقِرَ. افْتَحْ عَيْنَيْكَ تَشْبَعْ خُبْزًا.13 Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread.
14 «رَدِيءٌ، رَدِيءٌ!» يَقُولُ الْمُشْتَرِي، وَإِذَا ذَهَبَ فَحِينَئِذٍ يَفْتَخِرُ!14 It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.
15 يُوجَدُ ذَهَبٌ وَكَثْرَةُ لآلِئَ، أَمَّا شِفَاهُ الْمَعْرِفَةِ فَمَتَاعٌ ثَمِينٌ.15 There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.
16 خُذْ ثَوْبَهُ لأَنَّهُ ضَمِنَ غَرِيبًا، وَلأَجْلِ الأَجَانِبِ ارْتَهِنْ مِنْهُ.16 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
17 خُبْزُ الْكَذِبِ لَذِيذٌ لِلإِنْسَانِ، وَمِنْ بَعْدُ يَمْتَلِئُ فَمُهُ حَصًى.17 Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
18 اَلْمَقَاصِدُ تُثَبَّتُ بِالْمَشُورَةِ، وَبِالتَّدَابِيرِ اعْمَلْ حَرْبًا.18 Every purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.
19 اَلسَّاعِي بِالْوِشَايَةِ يُفْشِي السِّرَّ، فَلاَ تُخَالِطِ الْمُفَتِّحَ شَفَتَيْهِ.19 He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.
20 مَنْ سَبَّ أَبَاهُ أَوْ أُمَّهُ يَنْطَفِئُ سِرَاجُهُ فِي حَدَقَةِ الظَّلاَمِ.20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
21 رُبَّ مُلْكٍ مُعَجِّل فِي أَوَّلِهِ، أَمَّا آخِرَتُهُ فَلاَ تُبَارَكُ.21 An inheritance may be gotten hastily at the beginning; but the end thereof shall not be blessed.
22 لاَ تَقُلْ: «إِنِّي أُجَازِي شَرًّا». انْتَظِرِ الرَّبَّ فَيُخَلِّصَكَ.22 Say not thou, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.
23 مِعْيَارٌ فَمِعْيَارٌ مَكْرَهَةُ الرَّبِّ، وَمَوَازِينُ الْغِشِّ غَيْرُ صَالِحَةٍ.23 Divers weights are an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance is not good.
24 مِنَ الرَّبِّ خَطَوَاتُ الرَّجُلِ، أَمَّا الإِنْسَانُ فَكَيْفَ يَفْهَمُ طَرِيقَهُ؟24 Man's goings are of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way?
25 هُوَ شَرَكٌ لِلإِنْسَانِ أَنْ يَلْغُوَ قَائِلاً: «مُقَدَّسٌ»، وَبَعْدَ النَّذْرِ أَنْ يَسْأَلَ! 25 It is a snare to the man who devoureth that which is holy, and after vows to make enquiry.
26 اَلْمَلِكُ الْحَكِيمُ يُشَتِّتُ الأَشْرَارَ، وَيَرُدُّ عَلَيْهِمِ النَّوْرَجَ.26 A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
27 نَفْسُ الإِنْسَانِ سِرَاجُ الرَّبِّ، يُفَتِّشُ كُلَّ مَخَادِعِ الْبَطْنِ.27 The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
28 الرَّحْمَةُ وَالْحَقُّ يَحْفَظَانِ الْمَلِكَ، وَكُرْسِيُّهُ يُسْنَدُ بِالرَّحْمَةِ.28 Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.
29 فَخْرُ الشُّبَّانِ قُوَّتُهُمْ، وَبَهَاءُ الشُّيُوخِ الشَّيْبُ.29 The glory of young men is their strength: and the beauty of old men is the grey head.
30 حُبُرُ جُرْحٍ مُنَقِّيَةٌ لِلشِّرِّيرِ، وَضَرَبَاتٌ بَالِغَةٌ مَخَادِعَ الْبَطْنِ.30 The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil: so do stripes the inward parts of the belly.
عَجَّاج
صيَّاح، هدّار، يُحدث جلبة وصخباً.
يَلْغو
يتكلم بخفَّة.