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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

الأمثال [27] Proverbs
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1 لاَ تَفْتَخِرْ بِالْغَدِ لأَنَّكَ لاَ تَعْلَمُ مَاذَا يَلِدُهُ يَوْمٌ.1 Boast not thyself of to morrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.
2 لِيَمْدَحْكَ الْغَرِيبُ لاَ فَمُكَ، الأَجْنَبِيُّ لاَ شَفَتَاكَ.2 Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips.
3 اَلْحَجَرُ ثَقِيلٌ وَالرَّمْلُ ثَقِيلٌ، وَغَضَبُ الْجَاهِلِ أَثْقَلُ مِنْهُمَا كِلَيْهِمَا.3 A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath is heavier than them both.
4 اَلْغَضَبُ قَسَاوَةٌ وَالسَّخَطُ جُرَافٌ، وَمَنْ يَقِفُ قُدَّامَ الْحَسَدِ؟ 4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?
5 اَلتَّوْبِيخُ الظَّاهِرُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْحُبِّ الْمُسْتَتِرِ.5 Open rebuke is better than secret love.
6 أَمِينَةٌ هِيَ جُرُوحُ الْمُحِبِّ، وَغَاشَّةٌ هِيَ قُبْلاَتُ الْعَدُوِّ.6 Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.
7 اَلنَّفْسُ الشَّبْعَانَةُ تَدُوسُ الْعَسَلَ، وَلِلنَّفْسِ الْجَائِعَةِ كُلُّ مُرّ حُلْوٌ.7 The full soul loatheth an honeycomb; but to the hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet.
8 مِثْلُ الْعُصْفُورِ التَّائِهِ مِنْ عُشِّهِ، هكَذَا الرَّجُلُ التَّائِهُ مِنْ مَكَانِهِ.8 As a bird that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that wandereth from his place.
9 اَلدُّهْنُ وَالْبَخُورُ يُفَرِّحَانِ الْقَلْبَ، وَحَلاَوَةُ الصَّدِيقِ مِنْ مَشُورَةِ النَّفْسِ.9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so doth the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.
10 لاَ تَتْرُكْ صَدِيقَكَ وَصَدِيقَ أَبِيكَ، وَلاَ تَدْخُلْ بَيْتَ أَخِيكَ فِي يَوْمِ بَلِيَّتِكَ. الْجَارُ الْقَرِيبُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الأَخِ الْبَعِيدِ.10 Thine own friend, and thy father's friend, forsake not; neither go into thy brother's house in the day of thy calamity: for better is a neighbour that is near than a brother far off.
11 يَا ابْنِي، كُنْ حَكِيمًا وَفَرِّحْ قَلْبِي، فَأُجِيبَ مَنْ يُعَيِّرُنِي كَلِمَةً.11 My son, be wise, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him that reproacheth me.
12 الذَّكِيُّ يُبْصِرُ الشَّرَّ فَيَتَوَارَى. الأَغْبِيَاءُ يَعْبُرُونَ فَيُعَاقَبُونَ.12 A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself; but the simple pass on, and are punished.
13 خُذْ ثَوْبَهُ لأَنَّهُ ضَمِنَ غَرِيبًا، وَلأَجْلِ الأَجَانِبِ ارْتَهِنَ مِنْهُ.13 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger, and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
14 مَنْ يُبَارِكُ قَرِيبَهُ بِصَوْتٍ عَال فِي الصَّبَاحِ بَاكِرًا، يُحْسَبُ لَهُ لَعْنًا.14 He that blesseth his friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a curse to him.
15 اَلْوَكْفُ الْمُتَتَابعُ فِي يَوْمٍ مُمْطِرٍ، وَالْمَرْأَةُ الْمُخَاصِمَةُ سِيَّانِ، 15 A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike.
16 مَنْ يُخَبِّئُهَا يُخَبِّئُ الرِّيحَ وَيَمِينُهُ تَقْبِضُ عَلَى زَيْتٍ!16 Whosoever hideth her hideth the wind, and the ointment of his right hand, which bewrayeth itself.
17 الْحَدِيدُ بِالْحَدِيدِ يُحَدَّدُ، وَالإِنْسَانُ يُحَدِّدُ وَجْهَ صَاحِبِهِ.17 Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.
18 مَنْ يَحْمِي تِينَةً يَأْكُلُ ثَمَرَتَهَا، وَحَافِظُ سَيِّدِهِ يُكْرَمُ.18 Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured.
19 كَمَا فِي الْمَاءِ الْوَجْهُ لِلْوَجْهِ، كَذلِكَ قَلْبُ الإِنْسَانِ لِلإِنْسَانِ.19 As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man.
20 اَلْهَاوِيَةُ وَالْهَلاَكُ لاَ يَشْبَعَانِ، وَكَذَا عَيْنَا الإِنْسَانِ لاَ تَشْبَعَانِ.20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.
21 اَلْبُوطَةُ لِلْفِضَّةِ وَالْكُورُ لِلذَّهَبِ، كَذَا الإِنْسَانُ لِفَمِ مَادِحِهِ.21 As the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so is a man to his praise.
22 إِنْ دَقَقْتَ الأَحْمَقَ فِي هَاوُنٍ بَيْنَ السَّمِيذِ بِمِدَقّ، لاَ تَبْرَحُ عَنْهُ حَمَاقَتُهُ.22 Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.
23 مَعْرِفَةً اعْرِفْ حَالَ غَنَمِكَ، وَاجْعَلْ قَلْبَكَ إِلَى قُطْعَانِكَ،23 Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy herds.
24 لأَنَّ الْغِنَى لَيْسَ بِدَائِمٍ، وَلاَ التَّاجُ لِدَوْرٍ فَدَوْرٍ.24 For riches are not for ever: and doth the crown endure to every generation?
25 فَنِيَ الْحَشِيشُ وَظَهَرَ الْعُشْبُ وَاجْتَمَعَ نَبَاتُ الْجِبَالِ.25 The hay appeareth, and the tender grass sheweth itself, and herbs of the mountains are gathered.
26 الْحُمْلاَنُ لِلِبَاسِكَ، وَثَمَنُ حَقْل أَعْتِدَةٌ.26 The lambs are for thy clothing, and the goats are the price of the field.
27 وَكِفَايَةٌ مِنْ لَبَنِ الْمَعْزِ لِطَعَامِكَ، لِقُوتِ بَيْتِكَ وَمَعِيشَةِ فَتَيَاتِكَ.27 And thou shalt have goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household, and for the maintenance for thy maidens.
جُراف
ما يجرف في طريقه كل شيء.
سِيَّان
لا فرق بينهما، متشابهان.