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تفسير Commentary
رشاد فكري
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

حزقيال [22] Ezekiel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ إِلَيَّ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ قَائِلاً:1 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
2 «وَأَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ، هَلْ تَدِينُ، هَلْ تَدِينُ مَدِينَةَ الدِّمَاءِ؟ فَعَرِّفْهَا كُلَّ رَجَاسَاتِهَا،2 Now, thou son of man, wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt shew her all her abominations.
3 وَقُلْ: هكَذَا قَالَ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ: أَيَّتُهَا الْمَدِينَةُ السَّافِكَةُ الدَّمِ فِي وَسْطِهَا لِيَأْتِيَ وَقْتُهَا، الصَّانِعَةُ أَصْنَامًا لِنَفْسِهَا لِتَتَنَجَّسَ بِهَا،3 Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD, The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, that her time may come, and maketh idols against herself to defile herself.
4 قَدْ أَثِمْتِ بِدَمِكِ الَّذِي سَفَكْتِ، وَنَجَّسْتِ نَفْسَكِ بِأَصْنَامِكِ الَّتِي عَمِلْتِ، وَقَرَّبْتِ أَيَّامَكِ وَبَلَغْتِ سِنِيكِ، فَلِذلِكَ جَعَلْتُكِ عَارًا لِلأُمَمِ، وَسُخْرَةً لِجَمِيعِ الأَرَاضِي.4 Thou art become guilty in thy blood that thou hast shed; and hast defiled thyself in thine idols which thou hast made; and thou hast caused thy days to draw near, and art come even unto thy years: therefore have I made thee a reproach unto the heathen, and a mocking to all countries.
5 الْقَرِيبَةُ إِلَيْكِ وَالْبَعِيدَةُ عَنْكِ يَسْخَرُونَ مِنْكِ، يَا نَجِسَةَ الاسْمِ، يَا كَثِيرَةَ الشَّغَبِ.5 Those that be near, and those that be far from thee, shall mock thee, which art infamous and much vexed.
6 هُوَذَا رُؤَسَاءُ إِسْرَائِيلَ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ حَسَبَ اسْتِطَاعَتِهِ، كَانُوا فِيكِ لأَجْلِ سَفْكِ الدَّمِ.6 Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood.
7 فِيكِ أَهَانُوا أَبًا وَأُمًّا. فِي وَسْطِكِ عَامَلُوا الْغَرِيبَ بِالظُّلْمِ. فِيكِ اضْطَهَدُوا الْيَتِيمَ وَالأَرْمَلَةَ.7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
8 ازْدَرَيْتِ أَقْدَاسِي وَنَجَّسْتِ سُبُوتِي.8 Thou hast despised mine holy things, and hast profaned my sabbaths.
9 كَانَ فِيكِ أُنَاسٌ وُشَاةٌ لِسَفْكِ الدَّمِ، وَفِيكِ أَكَلُوا عَلَى الْجِبَالِ. فِي وَسْطِكِ عَمِلُوا رَذِيلَةً.9 In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood: and in thee they eat upon the mountains: in the midst of thee they commit lewdness.
10 فِيكِ كَشَفَ الإِنْسَانُ عَوْرَةَ أَبِيهِ. فِيكِ أَذَلُّوا الْمُتَنَجِّسَةَ بِطَمْثِهَا.10 In thee have they discovered their fathers' nakedness: in thee have they humbled her that was set apart for pollution.
11 إِنْسَانٌ فَعَلَ الرِّجْسَ بِامْرَأَةِ قَرِيبِهِ. إِنْسَانٌ نَجَّسَ كَنَّتَهُ بِرَذِيلَةٍ. إِنْسَانٌ أَذَلَّ فِيكِ أُخْتَهُ بِنْتَ أَبِيهِ.11 And one hath committed abomination with his neighbour's wife; and another hath lewdly defiled his daughter in law; and another in thee hath humbled his sister, his father's daughter.
12 فِيكِ أَخَذُوا الرَّشْوَةَ لِسَفْكِ الدَّمِ. أَخَذْتِ الرِّبَا وَالْمُرَابَحَةَ، وَسَلَبْتِ أَقْرِبَاءَكِ بِالظُّلْمِ، وَنَسِيتِنِي، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ.12 In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD.
13 «فَهأَنَذَا قَدْ صَفَّقْتُ بِكَفِّي بِسَبَبِ خَطْفِكِ الَّذِي خَطَفْتِ، وَبِسَبَبِ دَمِكِ الَّذِي كَانَ فِي وَسْطِكِ.13 Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
14 فَهَلْ يَثْبُتُ قَلْبُكِ أَوْ تَقْوَى يَدَاكِ فِي الأَيَّامِ الَّتِي فِيهَا أُعَامِلُكِ؟ أَنَا الرَّبَّ تَكَلَّمْتُ وَسَأَفْعَلُ.14 Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong, in the days that I shall deal with thee? I the LORD have spoken it, and will do it.
15 وَأُبَدِّدُكِ بَيْنَ الأُمَمِ، وَأُذَرِّيكِ فِي الأَرَاضِي، وَأُزِيلُ نَجَاسَتَكِ مِنْكِ.15 And I will scatter thee among the heathen, and disperse thee in the countries, and will consume thy filthiness out of thee.
16 وَتَتَدَنَّسِينَ بِنَفْسِكِ أَمَامَ عُيُونِ الأُمَمِ، وَتَعْلَمِينَ أَنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ».16 And thou shalt take thine inheritance in thyself in the sight of the heathen, and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.
17 وَكَانَ إِلَيَّ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ قَائِلاً:17 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
18 «يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ، قَدْ صَارَ لِي بَيْتُ إِسْرَائِيلَ زَغَلاً. كُلُّهُمْ نُحَاسٌ وَقَصْدِيرٌ وَحَدِيدٌ وَرَصَاصٌ فِي وَسْطِ كُورٍ. صَارُوا زَغَلَ فِضَّةٍ.18 Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver.
19 لأَجْلِ ذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ: مِنْ حَيْثُ إِنَّكُمْ كُلَّكُمْ صِرْتُمْ زَغَلاً، فَلِذلِكَ هأَنَذَا أَجْمَعُكُمْ فِي وَسْطِ أُورُشَلِيمَ،19 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye are all become dross, behold, therefore I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem.
20 جَمْعَ فِضَّةٍ وَنُحَاسٍ وَحَدِيدٍ وَرَصَاصٍ وَقَصْدِيرٍ إِلَى وَسْطِ كُورٍ لِنَفْخِ النَّارِ عَلَيْهَا لِسَبْكِهَا، كَذلِكَ أَجْمَعُكُمْ بِغَضَبِي وَسَخَطِي وَأَطْرَحُكُمْ وَأَسْبِكُكُمْ.20 As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave you there, and melt you.
21 فَأَجْمَعُكُمْ وَأَنْفُخُ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي نَارِ غَضَبِي، فَتُسْبَكُونَ فِي وَسْطِهَا.21 Yea, I will gather you, and blow upon you in the fire of my wrath, and ye shall be melted in the midst therof.
22 كَمَا تُسْبَكُ الْفِضَّةُ فِي وَسْطِ الْكُورِ، كَذلِكَ تُسْبَكُونَ فِي وَسْطِهَا، فَتَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ سَكَبْتُ سَخَطِي عَلَيْكُمْ».22 As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.
23 وَكَانَ إِلَيَّ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ قَائِلاً:23 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
24 «يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ، قُلْ لَهَا: أَنْتِ الأَرْضُ الَّتِي لَمْ تَطْهُرْ، لَمْ يُمْطَرْ عَلَيْهَا فِي يَوْمِ الْغَضَبِ.24 Son of man, say unto her, Thou art the land that is not cleansed, nor rained upon in the day of indignation.
25 فِتْنَةُ أَنْبِيَائِهَا فِي وَسْطِهَا كَأَسَدٍ مُزَمْجِرٍ يَخْطُفُ الْفَرِيسَةَ. أَكَلُوا نُفُوسًا. أَخَذُوا الْكَنْزَ وَالنَّفِيسَ، أَكْثَرُوا أَرَامِلَهَا فِي وَسْطِهَا.25 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.
26 كَهَنَتُهَا خَالَفُوا شَرِيعَتِي وَنَجَّسُوا أَقْدَاسِي. لَمْ يُمَيِّزُوا بَيْنَ الْمُقَدَّسِ وَالْمُحَلَّلِ، وَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا الْفَرْقَ بَيْنَ النَّجِسِ وَالطَّاهِرِ، وَحَجَبُوا عُيُونَهُمْ عَنْ سُبُوتِي فَتَدَنَّسْتُ فِي وَسْطِهِمْ.26 Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.
27 رُؤَسَاؤُهَا فِي وَسْطِهَا كَذِئَابٍ خَاطِفَةٍ خَطْفًا لِسَفْكِ الدَّمِ، لإِهْلاَكِ النُّفُوسِ لاكْتِسَابِ كَسْبٍ.27 Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain.
28 وَأَنْبِيَاؤُهَا قَدْ طَيَّنُوا لَهُمْ بِالطُّفَالِ، رَائِينَ بَاطِلاً وَعَارِفِينَ لَهُمْ كَذِبًا، قَائِلِينَ: هكَذَا قَالَ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ، وَالرَّبُّ لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمْ.28 And her prophets have daubed them with untempered morter, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord GOD, when the LORD hath not spoken.
29 شَعْبُ الأَرْضِ ظَلَمُوا ظُلْمًا، وَغَصَبُوا غَصْبًا، وَاضْطَهَدُوا الْفَقِيرَ وَالْمِسْكِينَ، وَظَلَمُوا الْغَرِيبَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ.29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.
30 وَطَلَبْتُ مِنْ بَيْنِهِمْ رَجُلاً يَبْنِي جِدَارًا وَيَقِفُ فِي الثَّغْرِ أَمَامِي عَنِ الأَرْضِ لِكَيْلاَ أَخْرِبَهَا، فَلَمْ أَجِدْ.30 And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
31 فَسَكَبْتُ سَخَطِي عَلَيْهِمْ. أَفْنَيْتُهُمْ بِنَارِ غَضَبِي. جَلَبْتُ طَرِيقَهُمْ عَلَى رُؤُوسِهِمْ، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ».31 Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath: their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord GOD.