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تفسير Commentary
رشاد فكري
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

حزقيال [32] Ezekiel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ فِي السَّنَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ عَشَرَةَ، فِي الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي عَشَرَ، فِي أَوَّلِ الشَّهْرِ، أَنَّ كَلاَمَ الرَّبِّ صَارَ إِلَيَّ قَائِلاً:1 And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
2 «يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ، ارْفَعْ مَرْثَاةً عَلَى فِرْعَوْنَ مَلِكِ مِصْرَ وَقُلْ لَهُ: أَشْبَهْتَ شِبْلَ الأُمَمِ وَأَنْتَ نَظِيرُ تِمْسَاحٍ فِي الْبِحَارِ. انْدَفَقْتَ بِأَنْهَارِكَ، وَكَدَّرْتَ الْمَاءَ بِرِجْلَيْكَ، وَعَكَّرْتَ أَنْهَارَهُمْ.2 Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou art as a whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.
3 هكَذَا قَالَ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ: إِنِّي أَبْسُطُ عَلَيْكَ شَبَكَتِي مَعَ جَمَاعَةِ شُعُوبٍ كَثِيرَةٍ، وَهُمْ يُصْعِدُونَكَ فِي مِجْزَفَتِي. 3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will therefore spread out my net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in my net.
4 وَأَتْرُكُكَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ، وَأَطْرَحُكَ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْحَقْلِ، وَأُقِرُّ عَلَيْكَ كُلَّ طُيُورِ السَّمَاءِ، وَأُشْبعُ مِنْكَ وُحُوشَ الأَرْضِ كُلَّهَا.4 Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee.
5 وَأُلْقِي لَحْمَكَ عَلَى الْجِبَالِ، وَأَمْلأُ الأَوْدِيَةَ مِنْ جِيَفِكَ.5 And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the valleys with thy height.
6 وَأُسْقِي أَرْضَ فَيَضَانِكَ مِنْ دَمِكَ إِلَى الْجِبَالِ، وَتَمْتَلِئُ مِنْكَ الآفَاقُ.6 I will also water with thy blood the land wherein thou swimmest, even to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee.
7 وَعِنْدَ إِطْفَائِي إِيَّاكَ أَحْجُبُ السَّمَاوَاتِ، وَأُظْلِمُ نُجُومَهَا، وَأُغْشِي الشَّمْسَ بِسَحَابٍ، وَالْقَمَرُ لاَ يُضِيءُ ضَوْءَهُ.7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.
8 وَأُظْلِمُ فَوْقَكَ كُلَّ أَنْوَارِ السَّمَاءِ الْمُنِيرَةِ، وَأَجْعَلُ الظُّلْمَةَ عَلَى أَرْضِكَ، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ.8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
9 وَأَغُمُّ قُلُوبَ شُعُوبٍ كَثِيرِينَ عِنْدَ إِتْيَانِي بِكَسْرِكَ بَيْنَ الأُمَمِ فِي أَرَاضٍ لَمْ تَعْرِفْهَا.9 I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.
10 وَأُحَيِّرُ مِنْكَ شُعُوبًا كَثِيرِينَ، مُلُوكُهُمْ يَقْشَعِرُّونَ عَلَيْكَ اقْشِعْرَارًا عِنْدَمَا أَخْطِرُ بِسَيْفِي قُدَّامَ وُجُوهِهِمْ، فَيَرْجِفُونَ كُلَّ لَحْظَةٍ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ فِي يَوْمِ سُقُوطِكَ. 10 Yea, I will make many people amazed at thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my sword before them; and they shall tremble at every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall.
11 « لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ: سَيْفُ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ يَأْتِي عَلَيْكَ.11 For thus saith the Lord GOD; The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee.
12 بِسُيُوفِ الْجَبَابِرَةِ أُسْقِطُ جُمْهُورَكَ. كُلُّهُمْ عُتَاةُ الأُمَمِ، فَيَسْلُبُونَ كِبْرِيَاءَ مِصْرَ، وَيَهْلِكُ كُلُّ جُمْهُورِهَا.12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed.
13 وَأُبِيدُ جَمِيعَ بَهَائِمِهَا عَنِ الْمِيَاهِ الْكَثِيرَةِ، فَلاَ تُكَدِّرُهَا مِنْ بَعْدُ رِجْلُ إِنْسَانٍ، وَلاَ تُعَكِّرُهَا أَظْلاَفُ بَهِيمَةٍ. 13 I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.
14 حِينَئِذٍ أُنْضِبُ مِيَاهَهُمْ وَأُجْرِي أَنْهَارَهُمْ كَالزَّيْتِ، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ. 14 Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord GOD.
15 حِينَ أَجْعَلُ أَرْضَ مِصْرَ خَرَابًا، وَتَخْلُو الأَرْضُ مِنْ مِلْئِهَا. عِنْدَ ضَرْبِي جَمِيعَ سُكَّانِهَا يَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ.15 When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am the LORD.
16 هذِهِ مَرْثَاةٌ يَرْثُونَ بِهَا. بَنَاتُ الأُمَمِ تَرْثُو بِهَا. عَلَى مِصْرَ وَعَلَى كُلِّ جُمْهُورِهَا تَرْثُو بِهَا، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ».16 This is the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, even for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
17 وَكَانَ فِي السَّنَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ عَشَرَةَ، فِي الْخَامِسِ عَشَرَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ، أَنَّ كَلاَمَ الرَّبِّ كَانَ إِلَيَّ قَائِلاً:17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
18 «يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ، وَلْوِلْ عَلَى جُمْهُورِ مِصْرَ، وَأَحْدِرْهُ هُوَ وَبَنَاتِ الأُمَمِ الْعَظِيمَةِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ السُّفْلَى مَعَ الْهَابِطِينَ فِي الْجُبِّ.18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
19 مِمَّنْ نَعِمْتَ أَكْثَرَ؟ انْزِلْ وَاضْطَجعْ مَعَ الْغُلْفِ.19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised.
20 يَسْقُطُونَ فِي وَسْطِ الْقَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ. قَدْ أُسْلِمَ السَّيْفُ. اُمْسُكُوُهَا مَعَ كُلِّ جُمْهُورِهَا.20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.
21 يُكَلِّمُهُ أَقْوِيَاءُ الْجَبَابِرَةِ مِنْ وَسْطِ الْهَاوِيَةِ مَعَ أَعْوَانِهِ. قَدْ نَزَلُوا، اضْطَجَعُوا غُلْفًا قَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ.21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
22 هُنَاكَ أَشُّورُ وَكُلُّ جَمَاعَتِهَا. قُبُورُهُ مِنْ حَوْلِهِ. كُلُّهُمْ قَتْلَى سَاقِطُونَ بِالسَّيْفِ.22 Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword:
23 اَلَّذِينَ جُعِلَتْ قُبُورُهُمْ فِي أَسَافِلِ الْجُبِّ، وَجَمَاعَتُهَا حَوْلَ قَبْرِهَا، كُلُّهُمْ قَتْلَى سَاقِطُونَ بِالسَّيْفِ، الَّذِينَ جَعَلُوا رُعْبًا فِي أَرْضِ الأَحْيَاءِ.23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.
24 هُنَاكَ عِيلاَمُ وَكُلُّ جُمْهُورِهَا حَوْلَ قَبْرِهَا، كُلُّهُمْ قَتْلَى سَاقِطُونَ بِالسَّيْفِ، الَّذِينَ هَبَطُوا غُلْفًا إِلَى الأَرْضِ السُّفْلَى، الَّذِينَ جَعَلُوا رُعْبَهُمْ فِي أَرْضِ الأَحْيَاءِ. فَحَمَلُوا خِزْيَهُمْ مَعَ الْهَابِطِينَ فِي الْجُبِّ.24 There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.
25 قَدْ جَعَلُوا لَهَا مَضْجَعًا بَيْنَ الْقَتْلَى، مَعَ كُلِّ جُمْهُورِهَا. حَوْلَهُ قُبُورُهُمْ كُلُّهُمْ غُلْفٌ قَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ، مَعَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ جُعِلَ رُعْبُهُمْ فِي أَرْضِ الأَحْيَاءِ. قَدْ حَمَلُوا خِزْيَهُمْ مَعَ الْهَابِطِينَ فِي الْجُبِّ. قَدْ جُعِلَ فِي وَسْطِ الْقَتْلَى.25 They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain.
26 هُنَاكَ مَاشِكُ وَتُوبَالُ وَكُلُّ جُمْهُورِهَا، حَوْلَهُ قُبُورُهَا. كُلُّهُمْ غُلْفٌ قَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ، مَعَ أَنَّهُمْ جَعَلُوا رُعْبَهُمْ فِي أَرْضِ الأَحْيَاءِ.26 There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
27 وَلاَ يَضْطَجِعُونَ مَعَ الْجَبَابِرَةِ السَّاقِطِينَ مِنَ الْغُلْفِ النَّازِلِينَ إِلَى الْهَاوِيَةِ بِأَدَوَاتِ حَرْبِهِمْ، وَقَدْ وُضِعَتْ سُيُوفُهُمْ تَحْتَ رُؤُوسِهِمْ، فَتَكُونُ آثَامُهُمْ عَلَى عِظَامِهِمْ مَعَ أَنَّهُمْ رُعْبُ الْجَبَابِرَةِ فِي أَرْضِ الأَحْيَاءِ.27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
28 أَمَّا أَنْتَ فَفِي وَسْطِ الْغُلْفِ تَنْكَسِرُ وَتَضْطَجعُ مَعَ الْقَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ.28 Yea, thou shalt be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt lie with them that are slain with the sword.
29 هُنَاكَ أَدُومُ وَمُلُوكُهَا وَكُلُّ رُؤَسَائِهَا الَّذِينَ مَعَ جَبَرُوتِهِمْ قَدْ أُلْقُوا مَعَ الْقَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ، فَيَضْطَجِعُونَ مَعَ الْغُلْفِ وَمَعَ الْهَابِطِينَ فِي الْجُبِّ.29 There is Edom, her kings, and all her princes, which with their might are laid by them that were slain by the sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised, and with them that go down to the pit.
30 هُنَاكَ أُمَرَاءُ الشِّمَالِ كُلُّهُمْ وَجَمِيعُ الصَّيْدُونِيِّينَ الْهَابِطِينَ مَعَ الْقَتْلَى بِرُعْبِهِمْ، خَزُوا مِنْ جَبَرُوتِهِمْ وَاضْطَجَعُوا غُلْفًا مَعَ قَتْلَى السَّيْفِ، وَحَمَلُوا خِزْيَهُمْ مَعَ الْهَابِطِينَ إِلَى الْجُبِّ.30 There be the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.
31 يَرَاهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَيَتَعَزَّى عَنْ كُلِّ جُمْهُورِهِ. قَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ فِرْعَوْنُ وَكُلُّ جُمْهُورِهِ، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ.31 Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.
32 لأَنِّي جَعَلْتُ رُعْبَهُ فِي أَرْضِ الأَحْيَاءِ، فَيُضْجَعُ بَيْنَ الْغُلْفِ مَعَ قَتْلَى السَّيْفِ، فِرْعَوْنُ وَكُلُّ جُمْهُورِهِ، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ».32 For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
مِجْزَفَة
شبكة يصاد بها السمك.
خطِرُ
أهزّ، ألوّح.
أظلاف
مفردها ظلف: هو للحيوانات المجترّة كالخروف والغزال بمنـزلة الحافر للفرس. أحد شقَّيّ قدم الخروف.
أُنْضِبُ
اجعلها تتوقف أو تنشف.