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تفسير Commentary
رشاد فكري
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

زكريا [1] Zechariah
مدخلإستمع
ألإصحاح التالي-Next Chapter
Chapter Summary
1 فِي الشَّهْرِ الثَّامِنِ فِي السَّنَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ لِدَارِيُوسَ، كَانَتْ كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ بَرَخِيَّا بْنِ عِدُّو النَّبِيِّ قَائِلاً:1 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,
2 « قَدْ غَضِبَ الرَّبُّ غَضَبًا عَلَى آبَائِكُمْ.2 The LORD hath been sore displeased with your fathers.
3 فَقُلْ لَهُمْ: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: ارْجِعُوا إِلَيَّ، يَقُولُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ، فَأَرْجِعَ إِلَيْكُمْ، يَقُولُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ.3 Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts.
4 لاَ تَكُونُوا كَآبَائِكُمُ الَّذِينَ نَادَاهُمُ الأَنْبِيَاءُ الأَوَّلُونَ قَائِلِينَ: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: ارْجِعُوا عَنْ طُرُقِكُمُ الشِّرِّيرَةِ وَعَنْ أَعْمَالِكُمُ الشِّرِّيرَةِ. فَلَمْ يَسْمَعُوا وَلَمْ يُصْغُوا إِلَيَّ، يَقُولُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ.4 Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD.
5 آبَاؤُكُمْ أَيْنَ هُمْ؟ وَالأَنْبِيَاءُ هَلْ أَبَدًا يَحْيَوْنَ؟5 Your fathers, where are they? and the prophets, do they live for ever?
6 وَلكِنْ كَلاَمِي وَفَرَائِضِي الَّتِي أَوْصَيْتُ بِهَا عَبِيدِي الأَنْبِيَاءَ، أَفَلَمْ تُدْرِكْ آبَاءَكُمْ؟ فَرَجَعُوا وَقَالُوا: كَمَا قَصَدَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ أَنْ يَصْنَعَ بِنَا كَطُرُقِنَا وَكَأَعْمَالِنَا، كَذلِكَ فَعَلَ بِنَا».6 But my words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, did they not take hold of your fathers? and they returned and said, Like as the LORD of hosts thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.
7 فِي الْيَوْمِ الرَّابعِ وَالْعِشْرِينَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ الْحَادِي عَشَرَ، هُوَ شَهْرُ شَبَاطَ. فِي السَّنَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ لِدَارِيُوسَ، كَانَتْ كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ بَرَخِيَّا بْنِ عِدُّو النَّبِيِّ قَائِلاً:7 Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,
8 رَأَيْتُ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَإِذَا بِرَجُل رَاكِبٍ عَلَى فَرَسٍ أَحْمَرَ، وَهُوَ وَاقِفٌ بَيْنَ الآسِ الَّذِي فِي الظِّلِّ، وَخَلْفَهُ خَيْلٌ حُمْرٌ وَشُقْرٌ وَشُهْبٌ. 8 I saw by night, and behold a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in the bottom; and behind him were there red horses, speckled, and white.
9 فَقُلْتُ: «يَا سَيِّدِي، مَا هؤُلاَءِ؟» فَقَالَ لِي الْمَلاَكُ الَّذِي كَلَّمَنِي: «أَنَا أُرِيكَ مَا هؤُلاَءِ».9 Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said unto me, I will shew thee what these be.
10 فَأَجَابَ الرَّجُلُ الْوَاقِفُ بَيْنَ الآسِ وَقَالَ: «هؤُلاَءِ هُمُ الَّذِينَ أَرْسَلَهُمُ الرَّبُّ لِلْجَوَلاَنِ فِي الأَرْضِ».10 And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, These are they whom the LORD hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth.
11 فَأَجَابُوا مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ الْوَاقِفِ بَيْنَ الآسِ وَقَالُوا: «قَدْ جُلْنَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَإِذَا الأَرْضُ كُلُّهَا مُسْتَرِيحَةٌ وَسَاكِنَةٌ».11 And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.
12 فَأَجَابَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «يَا رَبَّ الْجُنُودِ، إِلَى مَتَى أَنْتَ لاَ تَرْحَمُ أُورُشَلِيمَ وَمُدُنَ يَهُوذَا الَّتِي غَضِبْتَ عَلَيْهَا هذِهِ السَّبْعِينَ سَنَةً؟»12 Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?
13 فَأَجَابَ الرَّبُّ الْمَلاَكَ الَّذِي كَلَّمَنِي بِكَلاَمٍ طَيِّبٍ وَكَلاَمِ تَعْزِيَةٍ.13 And the LORD answered the angel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words.
14 فَقَالَ لِي الْمَلاَكُ الَّذِي كَلَّمَنِي: «نَادِ قَائِلاً: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: غِرْتُ عَلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ وَعَلَى صِهْيَوْنَ غَيْرَةً عَظِيمَةً.14 So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.
15 وَأَنَا مُغْضِبٌ بِغَضَبٍ عَظِيمٍ عَلَى الأُمَمِ الْمُطْمَئِنِّينَ. لأَنِّي غَضِبْتُ قَلِيلاً وَهُمْ أَعَانُوا الشَّرَّ.15 And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
16 لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: قَدْ رَجَعْتُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ بِالْمَرَاحِمِ فَبَيْتِي يُبْنَى فِيهَا، يَقُولُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ، وَيُمَدُّ الْمِطْمَارُ عَلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ.16 Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.
17 نَادِ أَيْضًا وَقُلْ: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: إِنَّ مُدُنِي تَفِيضُ بَعْدُ خَيْرًا، وَالرَّبُّ يُعَزِّي صِهْيَوْنَ بَعْدُ، وَيَخْتَارُ بَعْدُ أُورُشَلِيمَ».17 Cry yet, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and the LORD shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem.
18 فَرَفَعْتُ عَيْنَيَّ وَنَظَرْتُ وَإِذَا بِأَرْبَعَةِ قُرُونٍ.18 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.
19 فَقُلْتُ لِلْمَلاَكِ الَّذِي كَلَّمَنِي: «مَا هذِهِ؟» فَقَالَ لِي: «هذِهِ هِيَ الْقُرُونُ الَّتِي بَدَّدَتْ يَهُوذَا وَإِسْرَائِيلَ وَأُورُشَلِيمَ».19 And I said unto the angel that talked with me, What be these? And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.
20 فَأَرَانِي الرَّبُّ أَرْبَعَةَ صُنَّاعٍ.20 And the LORD shewed me four carpenters.
21 فَقُلْتُ: «جَاءَ هؤُلاَءِ، مَاذَا يَفْعَلُونَ؟» فَأَجَابَ: «هذِهِ هِيَ الْقُرُونُ الَّتِي بَدَّدَتْ يَهُوذَا حَتَّى لَمْ يَرْفَعْ إِنْسَانٌ رَأْسَهُ. وَقَدْ جَاءَ هؤُلاَءِ لِيُرْعِبُوهُمْ وَلِيَطْرُدُوا قُرُونَ الأُمَمِ الرَّافِعِينَ قَرْنًا عَلَى أَرْضِ يَهُوذَا لِتَبْدِيدِهَا».21 Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.
شُهْب
مفردها أشهب وشهباء: أبيض يتخلله سواد.