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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [13] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 ثُمَّ كَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلاً:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 «أَرْسِلْ رِجَالاً لِيَتَجَسَّسُوا أَرْضَ كَنْعَانَ الَّتِي أَنَا مُعْطِيهَا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. رَجُلاً وَاحِدًا لِكُلِّ سِبْطٍ مِنْ آبَائِهِ تُرْسِلُونَ. كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ رَئِيسٌ فِيهِمْ».2 Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them.
3 فَأَرْسَلَهُمْ مُوسَى مِنْ بَرِّيَّةِ فَارَانَ حَسَبَ قَوْلِ الرَّبِّ. كُلُّهُمْ رِجَالٌ هُمْ رُؤَسَاءُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ،3 And Moses by the commandment of the LORD sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel.
4 وَهذِهِ أَسْمَاؤُهُمْ: مِنْ سِبْطِ رَأُوبَيْنَ شَمُّوعُ بْنُ زَكُّورَ.4 And these were their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur.
5 مِنْ سِبْطِ شِمْعُونَ شَافَاطُ ابْنُ حُورِي.5 Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori.
6 مِنْ سِبْطِ يَهُوذَا كَالِبُ بْنُ يَفُنَّةَ.6 Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
7 مِنْ سِبْطِ يَسَّاكَرَ يَجْآلُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ.7 Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph.
8 مِنْ سِبْطِ أَفْرَايِمَ هُوشَعُ بْنُ نُونَ.8 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun.
9 مِنْ سِبْطِ بَنْيَامِينَ فَلْطِي بْنُ رَافُو.9 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu.
10 مِنْ سِبْطِ زَبُولُونَ جَدِّيئِيلُ بْنُ سُودِي.10 Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi.
11 مِنْ سِبْطِ يُوسُفَ: مِنْ سِبْطِ مَنَسَّى جِدِّي بْنُ سُوسِي.11 Of the tribe of Joseph, namely, of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi.
12 مِنْ سِبْطِ دَانَ عَمِّيئِيلُ بْنُ جَمَلِّي.12 Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli.
13 مِنْ سِبْطِ أَشِيرَ سَتُورُ بْنُ مِيخَائِيلَ.13 Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael.
14 مِنْ سِبْطِ نَفْتَالِي نَحْبِي بْنُ وَفْسِي.14 Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi.
15 مِنْ سِبْطِ جَادَ جَأُوئِيلُ بْنُ مَاكِي.15 Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi.
16 هذِهِ أَسْمَاءُ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ أَرْسَلَهُمْ مُوسَى لِيَتَجَسَّسُوا الأَرْضَ. وَدَعَا مُوسَى هُوشَعَ بْنَ نُونَ «يَشُوعَ».16 These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.
17 فَأَرْسَلَهُمْ مُوسَى لِيَتَجَسَّسُوا أَرْضَ كَنْعَانَ، وَقَالَ لَهُمُ: «اصْعَدُوا مِنْ هُنَا إِلَى الْجَنُوبِ وَاطْلَعُوا إِلَى الْجَبَلِ،17 And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said unto them, Get you up this way southward, and go up into the mountain:
18 وَانْظُرُوا الأَرْضَ، مَا هِيَ: وَالشَّعْبَ السَّاكِنَ فِيهَا، أَقَوِيٌّ هُوَ أَمْ ضَعِيفٌ؟ قَلِيلٌ أَمْ كَثِيرٌ؟18 And see the land, what it is, and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or weak, few or many;
19 وَكَيْفَ هِيَ الأَرْضُ الَّتِي هُوَ سَاكِنٌ فِيهَا، أَجَيِّدَةٌ أَمْ رَدِيئَةٌ؟ وَمَا هِيَ الْمُدُنُ الَّتِي هُوَ سَاكِنٌ فِيهَا، أَمُخَيَّمَاتٌ أَمْ حُصُونٌ؟19 And what the land is that they dwell in, whether it be good or bad; and what cities they be that they dwell in, whether in tents, or in strong holds;
20 وَكَيْفَ هِيَ الأَرْضُ، أَسَمِينَةٌ أَمْ هَزِيلَةٌ؟ أَفِيهَا شَجَرٌ أَمْ لاَ؟ وَتَشَدَّدُوا فَخُذُوا مِنْ ثَمَرِ الأَرْضِ». وَأَمَّا الأَيَّامُ فَكَانَتْ أَيَّامَ بَاكُورَاتِ الْعِنَبِ.20 And what the land is, whether it be fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be ye of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land. Now the time was the time of the first ripe grapes.
21 فَصَعِدُوا وَتَجَسَّسُوا الأَرْضَ مِنْ بَرِّيَّةِ صِينَ إِلَى رَحُوبَ فِي مَدْخَلِ حَمَاةَ.21 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.
22 صَعِدُوا إِلَى الْجَنُوبِ وَأَتَوْا إِلَى حَبْرُونَ. وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ أَخِيمَانُ وَشِيشَايُ وَتَلْمَايُ بَنُو عَنَاق. وَأَمَّا حَبْرُونُ فَبُنِيَتْ قَبْلَ صُوعَنِ مِصْرَ بِسَبْعِ سِنِينَ.22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
23 وَأَتَوْا إِلَى وَادِي أَشْكُولَ، وَقَطَفُوا مِنْ هُنَاكَ زَرَجُونَةً بِعُنْقُودٍ وَاحِدٍ مِنَ الْعِنَبِ، وَحَمَلُوهُ بِالدُّقْرَانَةِ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ، مَعَ شَيْءٍ مِنَ الرُّمَّانِ وَالتِّينِ. 23 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
24 فَدُعِيَ ذلِكَ الْمَوْضِعُ «وَادِيَ أَشْكُولَ» بِسَبَبِ الْعُنْقُودِ الَّذِي قَطَعَهُ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ.24 The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.
25 ثُمَّ رَجَعُوا مِنْ تَجَسُّسِ الأَرْضِ بَعْدَ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا.25 And they returned from searching of the land after forty days.
26 فَسَارُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا إِلَى مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ وَكُلِّ جَمَاعَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، إِلَى بَرِّيَّةِ فَارَانَ، إِلَى قَادَشَ، وَرَدُّوا إِلَيْهِمَا خَبَرًا وَإِلَى كُلِّ الْجَمَاعَةِ وَأَرَوْهُمْ ثَمَرَ الأَرْضِ.26 And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land.
27 وَأَخْبَرُوهُ وَقَالُوا: «قَدْ ذَهَبْنَا إِلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَرْسَلْتَنَا إِلَيْهَا، وَحَقًّا إِنَّهَا تَفِيضُ لَبَنًا وَعَسَلاً، وَهذَا ثَمَرُهَا.27 And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it.
28 غَيْرَ أَنَّ الشَّعْبَ السَّاكِنَ فِي الأَرْضِ مُعْتَزٌّ، وَالْمُدُنُ حَصِينَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ جِدًّا. وَأَيْضًا قَدْ رَأَيْنَا بَنِي عَنَاقَ هُنَاكَ.28 Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there.
29 الْعَمَالِقَةُ سَاكِنُونَ فِي أَرْضِ الْجَنُوبِ، وَالْحِثِّيُّونَ وَالْيَبُوسِيُّونَ وَالأَمُورِيُّونَ سَاكِنُونَ فِي الْجَبَلِ، وَالْكَنْعَانِيُّونَ سَاكِنُونَ عِنْدَ الْبَحْرِ وَعَلَى جَانِبِ الأُرْدُنِّ».29 The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.
30 لكِنْ كَالِبُ أَنْصَتَ الشَّعْبَ إِلَى مُوسَى وَقَالَ: «إِنَّنَا نَصْعَدُ وَنَمْتَلِكُهَا لأَنَّنَا قَادِرُونَ عَلَيْهَا».30 And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.
31 وَأَمَّا الرِّجَالُ الَّذِينَ صَعِدُوا مَعَهُ فَقَالُوا: «لاَ نَقْدِرْ أَنْ نَصْعَدَ إِلَى الشَّعْبِ، لأَنَّهُمْ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا».31 But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we.
32 فَأَشَاعُوا مَذَمَّةَ الأَرْضِ الَّتِي تَجَسَّسُوهَا، فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلِينَ: «الأَرْضُ الَّتِي مَرَرْنَا فِيهَا لِنَتَجَسَّسَهَا هِيَ أَرْضٌ تَأْكُلُ سُكَّانَهَا، وَجَمِيعُ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي رَأَيْنَا فِيهَا أُنَاسٌ طِوَالُ الْقَامَةِ.32 And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.
33 وَقَدْ رَأَيْنَا هُنَاكَ الْجَبَابِرَةَ، بَنِي عَنَاقٍ مِنَ الْجَبَابِرَةِ. فَكُنَّا فِي أَعْيُنِنَا كَالْجَرَادِ، وَهكَذَا كُنَّا فِي أَعْيُنِهِمْ».33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.
الدقرانة
غصن كبير يابس ترفع عليه الكرمة.
زَرَجونة
انظر زراجين أعلاه.