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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [14] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 فَرَفَعَتْ كُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ صَوْتَهَا وَصَرَخَتْ، وَبَكَى الشَّعْبُ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ.1 And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night.
2 وَتَذَمَّرَ عَلَى مُوسَى وَعَلَى هَارُونَ جَمِيعُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَقَالَ لَهُمَا كُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ: «لَيْتَنَا مُتْنَا فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، أَوْ لَيْتَنَا مُتْنَا فِي هذَا الْقَفْرِ!2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness!
3 وَلِمَاذَا أَتَى بِنَا الرَّبُّ إِلَى هذِهِ الأَرْضِ لِنَسْقُطَ بِالسَّيْفِ؟ تَصِيرُ نِسَاؤُنَا وَأَطْفَالُنَا غَنِيمَةً. أَلَيْسَ خَيْرًا لَنَا أَنْ نَرْجعَ إِلَى مِصْرَ؟»3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt?
4 فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ: «نُقِيمُ رَئِيسًا وَنَرْجعُ إِلَى مِصْرَ».4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.
5 فَسَقَطَ مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ عَلَى وَجْهَيْهِمَا أَمَامَ كُلِّ مَعْشَرِ جَمَاعَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.5 Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel.
6 وَيَشُوعُ بْنُ نُونَ وَكَالِبُ بْنُ يَفُنَّةَ، مِنَ الَّذِينَ تَجَسَّسُوا الأَرْضَ، مَزَّقَا ثِيَابَهُمَا6 And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes:
7 وَكَلَّمَا كُلَّ جَمَاعَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلَيْنِ: «الأَرْضُ الَّتِي مَرَرْنَا فِيهَا لِنَتَجَسَّسَهَا جَيِّدَةٌ جِدًّا جِدًّا.7 And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land.
8 إِنْ سُرَّ بِنَا الرَّبُّ يُدْخِلْنَا إِلَى هذِهِ الأَرْضِ وَيُعْطِينَا إِيَّاهَا، أَرْضًا تَفِيضُ لَبَنًا وَعَسَلاً.8 If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey.
9 إِنَّمَا لاَ تَتَمَرَّدُوا عَلَى الرَّبِّ، وَلاَ تَخَافُوا مِنْ شَعْبِ الأَرْضِ لأَنَّهُمْ خُبْزُنَا. قَدْ زَالَ عَنْهُمْ ظِلُّهُمْ، وَالرَّبُّ مَعَنَا. لاَ تَخَافُوهُمْ».9 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defense is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not.
10 وَلكِنْ قَالَ كُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ أَنْ يُرْجَمَا بِالْحِجَارَةِ. ثُمَّ ظَهَرَ مَجْدُ الرَّبِّ فِي خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ لِكُلِّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.10 But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel.
11 وَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «حَتَّى مَتَى يُهِينُنِي هذَا الشَّعْبُ؟ وَحَتَّى مَتَى لاَ يُصَدِّقُونَنِي بِجَمِيعِ الآيَاتِ الَّتِي عَمِلْتُ فِي وَسَطِهِمْ؟11 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have showed among them?
12 إِنِّي أَضْرِبُهُمْ بِالْوَبَإِ وَأُبِيدُهُمْ، وَأُصَيِّرُكَ شَعْبًا أَكْبَرَ وَأَعْظَمَ مِنْهُمْ».12 I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of thee a greater nation and mightier than they.
13 فَقَالَ مُوسَى لِلرَّبِّ: «فَيَسْمَعُ الْمِصْرِيُّونَ الَّذِينَ أَصْعَدْتَ بِقُوَّتِكَ هذَا الشَّعْبَ مِنْ وَسَطِهِمْ،13 And Moses said unto the LORD, Then the Egyptians shall hear it, (for thou broughtest up this people in thy might from among them;)
14 وَيَقُولُونَ لِسُكَّانِ هذِهِ الأَرْضِ الَّذِينَ قَدْ سَمِعُوا أَنَّكَ يَا رَبُّ فِي وَسَطِ هذَا الشَّعْبِ، الَّذِينَ أَنْتَ يَا رَبُّ قَدْ ظَهَرْتَ لَهُمْ عَيْنًا لِعَيْنٍ، وَسَحَابَتُكَ وَاقِفَةٌ عَلَيْهِمْ، وَأَنْتَ سَائِرٌ أَمَامَهُمْ بِعَمُودِ سَحَابٍ نَهَارًا وَبِعَمُودِ نَارٍ لَيْلاً.14 And they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land: for they have heard that thou LORD art among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and that thy cloud standeth over them, and that thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night.
15 فَإِنْ قَتَلْتَ هذَا الشَّعْبَ كَرَجُل وَاحِدٍ، يَتَكَلَّمُ الشُّعُوبُ الَّذِينَ سَمِعُوا بِخَبَرِكَ قَائِلِينَ:15 Now if thou shalt kill all this people as one man, then the nations which have heard the fame of thee will speak, saying,
16 لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ أَنْ يُدْخِلَ هذَا الشَّعْبَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي حَلَفَ لَهُمْ، قَتَلَهُمْ فِي الْقَفْرِ.16 Because the LORD was not able to bring this people into the land which he sware unto them, therefore he hath slain them in the wilderness.
17 فَالآنَ لِتَعْظُمْ قُدْرَةُ سَيِّدِي كَمَا تَكَلَّمْتَ قَائِلاً:17 And now, I beseech thee, let the power of my Lord be great, according as thou hast spoken, saying,
18 الرَّبُّ طَوِيلُ الرُّوحِ كَثِيرُ الإِحْسَانِ، يَغْفِرُ الذَّنْبَ وَالسَّيِّئَةَ، لكِنَّهُ لاَ يُبْرِئُ. بَلْ يَجْعَلُ ذَنْبَ الآبَاءِ عَلَى الأَبْنَاءِ إِلَى الْجِيلِ الثَّالِثِ وَالرَّابعِ.18 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation.
19 اِصْفَحْ عَنْ ذَنْبِ هذَا الشَّعْبِ كَعَظَمَةِ نِعْمَتِكَ، وَكَمَا غَفَرْتَ لِهذَا الشَّعْبِ مِنْ مِصْرَ إِلَى ههُنَا».19 Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the greatness of thy mercy, and as thou hast forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now.
20 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ: «قَدْ صَفَحْتُ حَسَبَ قَوْلِكَ.20 And the LORD said, I have pardoned according to thy word:
21 وَلكِنْ حَيٌّ أَنَا فَتُمْلأُ كُلُّ الأَرْضِ مِنْ مَجْدِ الرَّبِّ،21 But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD.
22 إِنَّ جَمِيعَ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ رَأَوْا مَجْدِي وَآيَاتِي الَّتِي عَمِلْتُهَا فِي مِصْرَ وَفِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ، وَجَرَّبُونِي الآنَ عَشَرَ مَرَّاتٍ، وَلَمْ يَسْمَعُوا لِقَوْلِي،22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice;
23 لَنْ يَرَوْا الأَرْضَ الَّتِي حَلَفْتُ لآبَائِهِمْ. وَجَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ أَهَانُونِي لاَ يَرَوْنَهَا.23 Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it:
24 وَأَمَّا عَبْدِي كَالِبُ فَمِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُ كَانَتْ مَعَهُ رُوحٌ أُخْرَى، وَقَدِ اتَّبَعَنِي تَمَامًا، أُدْخِلُهُ إِلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي ذَهَبَ إِلَيْهَا، وَزَرْعُهُ يَرِثُهَا.24 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.
25 وَإِذِ الْعَمَالِقَةُ وَالْكَنْعَانِيُّونَ سَاكِنُونَ فِي الْوَادِي، فَانْصَرِفُوا غَدًا وَارْتَحِلُوا إِلَى الْقَفْرِ فِي طَرِيقِ بَحْرِ سُوفَ».25 (Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites dwelt in the valley.) Tomorrow turn you, and get you into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea.
26 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ قَائِلاً:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
27 «حَتَّى مَتَى أَغْفِرُ لِهذِهِ الْجَمَاعَةِ الشِّرِّيرَةِ الْمُتَذَمِّرَةِ عَلَيَّ؟ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ تَذَمُّرَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الَّذِي يَتَذَمَّرُونَهُ عَلَيَّ.27 How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me.
28 قُلْ لَهُمْ: حَيٌّ أَنَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، لأَفْعَلَنَّ بِكُمْ كَمَا تَكَلَّمْتُمْ فِي أُذُنَيَّ.28 Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you:
29 فِي هذَا الْقَفْرِ تَسْقُطُ جُثَثُكُمْ، جَمِيعُ الْمَعْدُودِينَ مِنْكُمْ حَسَبَ عَدَدِكُمْ مِنِ ابْنِ عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً فَصَاعِدًا الَّذِينَ تَذَمَّرُوا عَلَيَّ.29 Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward which have murmured against me.
30 لَنْ تَدْخُلُوا الأَرْضَ الَّتِي رَفَعْتُ يَدِي لأُسْكِنَنَّكُمْ فِيهَا، مَا عَدَا كَالِبَ بْنَ يَفُنَّةَ وَيَشُوعَ بْنَ نُونٍ.30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.
31 وَأَمَّا أَطْفَالُكُمُ الَّذِينَ قُلْتُمْ يَكُونُونَ غَنِيمَةً فَإِنِّي سَأُدْخِلُهُمْ، فَيَعْرِفُونَ الأَرْضَ الَّتِي احْتَقَرْتُمُوهَا.31 But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised.
32 فَجُثَثُكُمْ أَنْتُمْ تَسْقُطُ فِي هذَا الْقَفْرِ،32 But as for you, your carcasses, they shall fall in this wilderness.
33 وَبَنُوكُمْ يَكُونُونَ رُعَاةً فِي الْقَفْرِ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً، وَيَحْمِلُونَ فُجُورَكُمْ حَتَّى تَفْنَى جُثَثُكُمْ فِي الْقَفْرِ.33 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness.
34 كَعَدَدِ الأَيَّامِ الَّتِي تَجَسَّسْتُمْ فِيهَا الأَرْضَ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا، لِلسَّنَةِ يَوْمٌ. تَحْمِلُونَ ذُنُوبَكُمْ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً فَتَعْرِفُونَ ابْتِعَادِي.34 After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise.
35 أَنَا الرَّبُّ قَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُ. لأَفْعَلَنَّ هذَا بِكُلِّ هذِهِ الْجَمَاعَةِ الشِّرِّيرَةِ الْمُتَّفِقَةِ عَلَيَّ. فِي هذَا الْقَفْرِ يَفْنَوْنَ، وَفِيهِ يَمُوتُونَ».35 I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.
36 أَمَّا الرِّجَالُ الَّذِينَ أَرْسَلَهُمْ مُوسَى لِيَتَجَسَّسُوا الأَرْضَ، وَرَجَعُوا وَسَجَّسُوا عَلَيْهِ كُلَّ الْجَمَاعَةِ بِإِشَاعَةِ الْمَذَمَّةِ عَلَى الأَرْضِ،36 And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land,
37 فَمَاتَ الرِّجَالُ الَّذِينَ أَشَاعُوا الْمَذَمَّةَ الرَّدِيئَةَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ بِالْوَبَإِ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ.37 Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD.
38 وَأَمَّا يَشُوعُ بْنُ نُونَ وَكَالِبُ بْنُ يَفُنَّةَ، مِنْ أُولئِكَ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ ذَهَبُوا لِيَتَجَسَّسُوا الأَرْضَ، فَعَاشَا.38 But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still.
39 وَلَمَّا تَكَلَّمَ مُوسَى بِهذَا الْكَلاَمِ إِلَى جَمِيعِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ بَكَى الشَّعْبُ جِدًّا.39 And Moses told these sayings unto all the children of Israel: and the people mourned greatly.
40 ثُمَّ بَكَّرُوا صَبَاحًا وَصَعِدُوا إِلَى رَأْسِ الْجَبَلِ قَائِلِينَ: «هُوَذَا نَحْنُ! نَصْعَدُ إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي قَالَ الرَّبُّ عَنْهُ، فَإِنَّنَا قَدْ أَخْطَأْنَا».40 And they rose up early in the morning, and gat them up into the top of the mountain, saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto the place which the LORD hath promised: for we have sinned.
41 فَقَالَ مُوسَى: «لِمَاذَا تَتَجَاوَزُونَ قَوْلَ الرَّبِّ؟ فَهذَا لاَ يَنْجَحُ.41 And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the commandment of the LORD? but it shall not prosper.
42 لاَ تَصْعَدُوا، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ لَيْسَ فِي وَسَطِكُمْ لِئَلاَّ تَنْهَزِمُوا أَمَامَ أَعْدَائِكُمْ.42 Go not up, for the LORD is not among you; that ye be not smitten before your enemies.
43 لأَنَّ الْعَمَالِقَةَ وَالْكَنْعَانِيِّينَ هُنَاكَ قُدَّامَكُمْ تَسْقُطُونَ بِالسَّيْفِ. إِنَّكُمْ قَدِ ارْتَدَدْتُمْ عَنِ الرَّبِّ، فَالرَّبُّ لاَ يَكُونُ مَعَكُمْ».43 For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from the LORD, therefore the LORD will not be with you.
44 لكِنَّهُمْ تَجَبَّرُوا وَصَعِدُوا إِلَى رَأْسِ الْجَبَلِ. وَأَمَّا تَابُوتُ عَهْدِ الرَّبِّ وَمُوسَى فَلَمْ يَبْرَحَا مِنْ وَسَطِ الْمَحَلَّةِ.44 But they presumed to go up unto the hill top: nevertheless the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and Moses, departed not out of the camp.
45 فَنَزَلَ الْعَمَالِقَةُ وَالْكَنْعَانِيُّونَ السَّاكِنُونَ فِي ذلِكَ الْجَبَلِ وَضَرَبُوهُمْ وَكَسَّرُوهُمْ إِلَى حُرْمَةَ.45 Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah.