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إصحاحات Chapters
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

تفسير Commentary
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [20] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 وَأَتَى بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ، الْجَمَاعَةُ كُلُّهَا، إِلَى بَرِّيَّةِ صِينَ فِي الشَّهْرِ الأَوَّلِ. وَأَقَامَ الشَّعْبُ فِي قَادَشَ. وَمَاتَتْ هُنَاكَ مَرْيَمُ وَدُفِنَتْ هُنَاكَ.1 Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.
2 وَلَمْ يَكُنْ مَاءٌ لِلْجَمَاعَةِ فَاجْتَمَعُوا عَلَى مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ.2 And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.
3 وَخَاصَمَ الشَّعْبُ مُوسَى وَكَلَّمُوهُ قَائِلِينَ: «لَيْتَنَا فَنِينَا فَنَاءَ إِخْوَتِنَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ.3 And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD!
4 لِمَاذَا أَتَيْتُمَا بِجَمَاعَةِ الرَّبِّ إِلَى هذِهِ الْبَرِّيَّةِ لِكَيْ نَمُوتَ فِيهَا نَحْنُ وَمَوَاشِينَا؟4 And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there?
5 وَلِمَاذَا أَصْعَدْتُمَانَا مِنْ مِصْرَ لِتَأْتِيَا بِنَا إِلَى هذَا الْمَكَانِ الرَّدِيءِ؟ لَيْسَ هُوَ مَكَانَ زَرْعٍ وَتِينٍ وَكَرْمٍ وَرُمَّانٍ، وَلاَ فِيهِ مَاءٌ لِلشُّرْبِ!».5 And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.
6 فَأَتَى مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ مِنْ أَمَامِ الْجَمَاعَةِ إِلَى بَابِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ وَسَقَطَا عَلَى وَجْهَيْهِمَا، فَتَرَاءَى لَهُمَا مَجْدُ الرَّبِّ.6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them.
7 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلاً:7 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
8 «خُذِ الْعَصَا وَاجْمَعِ الْجَمَاعَةَ أَنْتَ وَهَارُونُ أَخُوكَ، وَكَلِّمَا الصَّخْرَةَ أَمَامَ أَعْيُنِهِمْ أَنْ تُعْطِيَ مَاءَهَا، فَتُخْرِجُ لَهُمْ مَاءً مِنَ الصَّخْرَةِ وَتَسْقِي الْجَمَاعَةَ وَمَوَاشِيَهُمْ».8 Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.
9 فَأَخَذَ مُوسَى الْعَصَا مِنْ أَمَامِ الرَّبِّ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ،9 And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him.
10 وَجَمَعَ مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ الْجُمْهُورَ أَمَامَ الصَّخْرَةِ، فَقَالَ لَهُمُ: «اسْمَعُوا أَيُّهَا الْمَرَدَةُ، أَمِنْ هذِهِ الصَّخْرَةِ نُخْرِجُ لَكُمْ مَاءً؟». 10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
11 وَرَفَعَ مُوسَى يَدَهُ وَضَرَبَ الصَّخْرَةَ بِعَصَاهُ مَرَّتَيْنِ، فَخَرَجَ مَاءٌ غَزِيرٌ، فَشَرِبَتِ الْجَمَاعَةُ وَمَوَاشِيهَا.11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
12 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى وَهَارُونَ: «مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكُمَا لَمْ تُؤْمِنَا بِي حَتَّى تُقَدِّسَانِي أَمَامَ أَعْيُنِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، لِذلِكَ لاَ تُدْخِلاَنِ هذِهِ الْجَمَاعَةَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَعْطَيْتُهُمْ إِيَّاهَا».12 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
13 هذَا مَاءُ مَرِيبَةَ، حَيْثُ خَاصَمَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ الرَّبَّ، فَتَقَدَّسَ فِيهِمْ.13 This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.
14 وَأَرْسَلَ مُوسَى رُسُلاً مِنْ قَادَشَ إِلَى مَلِكِ أَدُومَ: «هكَذَا يَقُولُ أَخُوكَ إِسْرَائِيلُ: قَدْ عَرَفْتَ كُلَّ الْمَشَقَّةِ الَّتِي أَصَابَتْنَا.14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us:
15 إِنَّ آبَاءَنَا انْحَدَرُوا إِلَى مِصْرَ، وَأَقَمْنَا فِي مِصْرَ أَيَّامًا كَثِيرَةً وَأَسَاءَ الْمِصْرِيُّونَ إِلَيْنَا وَإِلَى آبَائِنَا،15 How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers:
16 فَصَرَخْنَا إِلَى الرَّبِّ فَسَمِعَ صَوْتَنَا، وَأَرْسَلَ مَلاَكًا وَأَخْرَجَنَا مِنْ مِصْرَ. وَهَا نَحْنُ فِي قَادَشَ، مَدِينَةٍ فِي طَرَفِ تُخُومِكَ.16 And when we cried unto the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and hath brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border:
17 دَعْنَا نَمُرَّ فِي أَرْضِكَ. لاَ نَمُرُّ فِي حَقْلٍ وَلاَ فِي كَرْمٍ، وَلاَ نَشْرَبُ مَاءَ بِئْرٍ. فِي طَرِيقِ الْمَلِكِ نَمْشِي، لاَ نَمِيلُ يَمِينًا وَلاَ يَسَارًا حَتَّى نَتَجَاوَزَ تُخُومَكَ».17 Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.
18 فَقَالَ لَهُ أَدُومُ: «لاَ تَمُرُّ بِي لِئَلاَّ أَخْرُجَ لِلِقَائِكَ بِالسَّيْفِ».18 And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.
19 فَقَالَ لَهُ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ: «فِي السِّكَّةِ نَصْعَدُ، وَإِذَا شَرِبْنَا أَنَا وَمَوَاشِيَّ مِنْ مَائِكَ أَدْفَعُ ثَمَنَهُ. لاَ شَيْءَ. أَمُرُّ بِرِجْلَيَّ فَقَطْ». 19 And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing anything else, go through on my feet.
20 فَقَالَ: «لاَ تَمُرُّ». وَخَرَجَ أَدُومُ لِلِقَائِهِ بِشَعْبٍ غَفِيرٍ وَبِيَدٍ شَدِيدَةٍ.20 And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.
21 وَأَبَى أَدُومُ أَنْ يَسْمَحَ لإِسْرَائِيلَ بِالْمُرُورِ فِي تُخُومِهِ، فَتَحَوَّلَ إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْهُ.21 Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.
22 فَارْتَحَلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ، الْجَمَاعَةُ كُلُّهَا، مِنْ قَادَشَ وَأَتَوْا إِلَى جَبَلِ هُورٍ.22 And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor.
23 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ فِي جَبَلِ هُورٍ عَلَى تُخْمِ أَرْضِ أَدُومَ قَائِلاً:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,
24 «يُضَمُّ هَارُونُ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ لأَنَّهُ لاَ يَدْخُلُ الأَرْضَ الَّتِي أَعْطَيْتُ لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، لأَنَّكُمْ عَصَيْتُمْ قَوْلِي عِنْدَ مَاءِ مَرِيبَةَ.24 Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.
25 خُذْ هَارُونَ وَأَلِعَازَارَ ابْنَهُ وَاصْعَدْ بِهِمَا إِلَى جَبَلِ هُورٍ،25 Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor:
26 وَاخْلَعْ عَنْ هَارُونَ ثِيَابَهُ، وَأَلْبِسْ أَلِعَازَارَ ابْنَهُ إِيَّاهَا. فَيُضَمُّ هَارُونُ وَيَمُوتُ هُنَاكَ».26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.
27 فَفَعَلَ مُوسَى كَمَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ، وَصَعِدُوا إِلَى جَبَلِ هُورٍ أَمَامَ أَعْيُنِ كُلِّ الْجَمَاعَةِ.27 And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.
28 فَخَلَعَ مُوسَى عَنْ هَارُونَ ثِيَابَهُ وَأَلْبَسَ أَلِعَازَارَ ابْنَهُ إِيَّاهَا. فَمَاتَ هَارُونُ هُنَاكَ عَلَى رَأْسِ الْجَبَلِ، ثُمَّ انْحَدَرَ مُوسَى وَأَلِعَازَارُ عَنِ الْجَبَلِ.28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.
29 فَلَمَّا رَأَى كُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ أَنَّ هَارُونَ قَدْ مَاتَ، بَكَى جَمِيعُ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَى هَارُونَ ثَلاَثِينَ يَوْمًا.29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel.
مَرَدَة
مفردها مارد: متمرد، عاص.
سكَّة
طريق.