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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [21] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 وَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْكَنْعَانِيُّ مَلِكُ عَرَادَ السَّاكِنُ فِي الْجَنُوبِ أَنَّ إِسْرَائِيلَ جَاءَ فِي طَرِيقِ أَتَارِيمَ، حَارَبَ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَسَبَى مِنْهُمْ سَبْيًا.1 And when king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners.
2 فَنَذَرَ إِسْرَائِيلُ نَذْرًا لِلرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «إِنْ دَفَعْتَ هؤُلاَءِ الْقَوْمَ إِلَى يَدِي أُحَرِّمُ مُدُنَهُمْ».2 And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.
3 فَسَمِعَ الرَّبُّ لِقَوْلِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَدَفَعَ الْكَنْعَانِيِّينَ، فَحَرَّمُوهُمْ وَمُدُنَهُمْ. فَدُعِيَ اسْمُ الْمَكَانِ «حُرْمَةَ».3 And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities: and he called the name of the place Hormah.
4 وَارْتَحَلُوا مِنْ جَبَلِ هُورٍ فِي طَرِيقِ بَحْرِ سُوفٍ لِيَدُورُوا بِأَرْضِ أَدُومَ، فَضَاقَتْ نَفْسُ الشَّعْبِ فِي الطَّرِيقِ.4 And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way.
5 وَتَكَلَّمَ الشَّعْبُ عَلَى اللهِ وَعَلَى مُوسَى قَائِلِينَ: «لِمَاذَا أَصْعَدْتُمَانَا مِنْ مِصْرَ لِنَمُوتَ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ؟ لأَنَّهُ لاَ خُبْزَ وَلاَ مَاءَ، وَقَدْ كَرِهَتْ أَنْفُسُنَا الطَّعَامَ السَّخِيفَ».5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.
6 فَأَرْسَلَ الرَّبُّ عَلَى الشَّعْبِ الْحَيَّاتِ الْمُحْرِقَةَ، فَلَدَغَتِ الشَّعْبَ، فَمَاتَ قَوْمٌ كَثِيرُونَ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ.6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
7 فَأَتَى الشَّعْبُ إِلَى مُوسَى وَقَالُوا: «قَدْ أَخْطَأْنَا إِذْ تَكَلَّمْنَا عَلَى الرَّبِّ وَعَلَيْكَ، فَصَلِّ إِلَى الرَّبِّ لِيَرْفَعَ عَنَّا الْحَيَّاتِ». فَصَلَّى مُوسَى لأَجْلِ الشَّعْبِ.7 Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people.
8 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «اصْنَعْ لَكَ حَيَّةً مُحْرِقَةً وَضَعْهَا عَلَى رَايَةٍ، فَكُلُّ مَنْ لُدِغَ وَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهَا يَحْيَا». 8 And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.
9 فَصَنَعَ مُوسَى حَيَّةً مِنْ نُحَاسٍ وَوَضَعَهَا عَلَى الرَّايَةِ، فَكَانَ مَتَى لَدَغَتْ حَيَّةٌ إِنْسَانًا وَنَظَرَ إِلَى حَيَّةِ النُّحَاسِ يَحْيَا.9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.
10 وَارْتَحَلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَنَزَلُوا فِي أُوبُوتَ.10 And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in Oboth.
11 وَارْتَحَلُوا مِنْ أُوبُوتَ وَنَزَلُوا فِي عَيِّي عَبَارِيمَ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ، الَّتِي قُبَالَةَ مُوآبَ إِلَى شُرُوقِ الشَّمْسِ.11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched at Ijeabarim, in the wilderness which is before Moab, toward the sunrising.
12 مِنْ هُنَاكَ ارْتَحَلُوا وَنَزَلُوا فِي وَادِي زَارَدَ.12 From thence they removed, and pitched in the valley of Zared.
13 مِنْ هُنَاكَ ارْتَحَلُوا وَنَزَلُوا فِي عَبْرِ أَرْنُونَ الَّذِي فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ، خَارِجًا عَنْ تُخْمِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ. لأَنَّ أَرْنُونَ هُوَ تُخْمُ مُوآبَ، بَيْنَ مُوآبَ وَالأَمُورِيِّينَ.13 From thence they removed, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, which is in the wilderness that cometh out of the coasts of the Amorites: for Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.
14 لِذلِكَ يُقَالُ فِي كِتَابِ «حُرُوبِ الرَّبِّ»: «وَاهِبٌ فِي سُوفَةَ وَأَوْدِيَةِ أَرْنُونَ14 Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,
15 وَمَصَبِّ الأَوْدِيَةِ الَّذِي مَالَ إِلَى مَسْكَنِ عَارَ، وَاسْتَنَدَ إِلَى تُخْمِ مُوآبَ».15 And at the stream of the brooks that goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, and lieth upon the border of Moab.
16 وَمِنْ هُنَاكَ إِلَى بِئْرٍ. وَهِيَ الْبِئْرُ حَيْثُ قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «اجْمَعِ الشَّعْبَ فَأُعْطِيَهُمْ مَاءً».16 And from thence they went to Beer: that is the well whereof the LORD spake unto Moses, Gather the people together, and I will give them water.
17 حِينَئِذٍ تَرَنَّمَ إِسْرَائِيلُ بِهذَا النَّشِيدِ: «اِصْعَدِي أَيَّتُهَا الْبِئْرُ! أَجِيبُوا لَهَا.17 Then Israel sang this song, Spring up, O well; sing ye unto it:
18 بِئْرٌ حَفَرَهَا رُؤَسَاءُ، حَفَرَهَا شُرَفَاءُ الشَّعْبِ، بِصَوْلَجَانٍ، بِعِصِيِّهِمْ». وَمِنَ الْبَرِّيَّةِ إِلَى مَتَّانَةَ، 18 The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people digged it, by the direction of the lawgiver, with their staves. And from the wilderness they went to Mattanah:
19 وَمِنْ مَتَّانَةَ إِلَى نَحْلِيئِيلَ، وَمِنْ نَحْلِيئِيلَ إِلَى بَامُوتَ،19 And from Mattanah to Nahaliel: and from Nahaliel to Bamoth:
20 وَمِنْ بَامُوتَ إِلَى الْجِوَاءِ الَّتِي فِي صَحْرَاءِ مُوآبَ عِنْدَ رَأْسِ الْفِسْجَةِ الَّتِي تُشْرِفُ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْبَرِّيَّةِ. 20 And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.
21 وَأَرْسَلَ إِسْرَائِيلُ رُسُلاً إِلَى سِيحُونَ مَلِكِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ قَائِلاً:21 And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,
22 «دَعْنِي أَمُرَّ فِي أَرْضِكَ. لاَ نَمِيلُ إِلَى حَقْلٍ وَلاَ إِلَى كَرْمٍ وَلاَ نَشْرَبُ مَاءَ بِئْرٍ. فِي طَرِيقِ الْمَلِكِ نَمْشِي حَتَّى نَتَجَاوَزَ تُخُومَكَ».22 Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink of the waters of the well: but we will go along by the king's high way, until we be past thy borders.
23 فَلَمْ يَسْمَحْ سِيحُونُ لإِسْرَائِيلَ بِالْمُرُورِ فِي تُخُومِهِ، بَلْ جَمَعَ سِيحُونُ جَمِيعَ قَوْمِهِ وَخَرَجَ لِلِقَاءِ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الْبَرِّيَّةِ، فَأَتَى إِلَى يَاهَصَ وَحَارَبَ إِسْرَائِيلَ.23 And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
24 فَضَرَبَهُ إِسْرَائِيلُ بِحَدِّ السَّيْفِ وَمَلَكَ أَرْضَهُ مِنْ أَرْنُونَ إِلَى يَبُّوقَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمُّونَ. لأَنَّ تُخْمَ بَنِي عَمُّونَ كَانَ قَوِيًّا.24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon was strong.
25 فَأَخَذَ إِسْرَائِيلُ كُلَّ هذِهِ الْمُدُنِ، وَأَقَامَ إِسْرَائِيلُ فِي جَمِيعِ مُدُنِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ فِي حَشْبُونَ وَفِي كُلِّ قُرَاهَا.25 And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof.
26 لأَنَّ حَشْبُونَ كَانَتْ مَدِينَةَ سِيحُونَ مَلِكِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ، وَكَانَ قَدْ حَارَبَ مَلِكَ مُوآبَ الأَوَّلَ وَأَخَذَ كُلَّ أَرْضِهِ مِنْ يَدِهِ حَتَّى أَرْنُونَ.26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon.
27 لِذلِكَ يَقُولُ أَصْحَابُ الأَمْثَالِ: «اِيتُوا إِلَى حَشْبُونَ فَتُبْنَى، وَتُصْلَحَ مَدِينَةُ سِيحُونَ.27 Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Sihon be built and prepared:
28 لأَنَّ نَارًا خَرَجَتْ مِنْ حَشْبُونَ، لَهِيبًا مِنْ قَرْيَةِ سِيحُونَ. أَكَلَتْ عَارَ مُوآبَ. أَهْلَ مُرْتَفَعَاتِ أَرْنُونَ.28 For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, and the lords of the high places of Arnon.
29 وَيْلٌ لَكَ يَا مُوآبُ. هَلَكْتِ يَا أُمَّةَ كَمُوشَ. قَدْ صَيَّرَ بَنِيهِ هَارِبِينَ وَبَنَاتِهِ فِي السَّبْيِ لِمَلِكِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ سِيحُونَ.29 Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites.
30 لكِنْ قَدْ رَمَيْنَاهُمْ. هَلَكَتْ حَشْبُونُ إِلَى دِيبُونَ. وَأَخْرَبْنَا إِلَى نُوفَحَ الَّتِي إِلَى مِيدَبَا».30 We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.
31 فَأَقَامَ إِسْرَائِيلُ فِي أَرْضِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ.31 Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites.
32 وَأَرْسَلَ مُوسَى لِيَتَجَسَّسَ يَعْزِيرَ، فَأَخَذُوا قُرَاهَا وَطَرَدُوا الأَمُورِيِّينَ الَّذِينَ هُنَاكَ.32 And Moses sent to spy out Jaazer, and they took the villages thereof, and drove out the Amorites that were there.
33 ثُمَّ تَحَوَّلُوا وَصَعِدُوا فِي طَرِيقِ بَاشَانَ. فَخَرَجَ عُوجُ مَلِكُ بَاشَانَ لِلِقَائِهِمْ هُوَ وَجَمِيعُ قَوْمِهِ إِلَى الْحَرْبِ فِي إِذْرَعِي.33 And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.
34 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى: «لاَ تَخَفْ مِنْهُ لأَنِّي قَدْ دَفَعْتُهُ إِلَى يَدِكَ مَعَ جَمِيعِ قَوْمِهِ وَأَرْضِهِ، فَتَفْعَلُ بِهِ كَمَا فَعَلْتَ بِسِيحُونَ مَلِكِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ السَّاكِنِ فِي حَشْبُونَ».34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.
35 فَضَرَبُوهُ وَبَنِيهِ وَجَمِيعَ قَوْمِهِ حَتَّى لَمْ يَبْقَ لَهُ شَارِدٌ، وَمَلَكُوا أَرْضَهُ.35 So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him alive: and they possessed his land.
راية
عَلَم. عمود في مكان مرتفع.
صَوْلجان
عصا أو قضيب معقوف الرأس. عصا الملك.
جواء
الوادي الواسع.