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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [22] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 وَارْتَحَلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَنَزَلُوا فِي عَرَبَاتِ مُوآبَ مِنْ عَبْرِ أُرْدُنِّ أَرِيحَا.1 And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab on this side Jordan by Jericho.
2 وَلَمَّا رَأَى بَالاَقُ بْنُ صِفُّورَ جَمِيعَ مَا فَعَلَ إِسْرَائِيلُ بِالأَمُورِيِّينَ،2 And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.
3 فَزِعَ مُوآبُ مِنَ الشَّعْبِ جِدًّا لأَنَّهُ كَثِيرٌ، وَضَجَِرَ مُوآبُ مِنْ قِبَلَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.3 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they were many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel.
4 فَقَالَ مُوآبُ لِشُيُوخِ مِدْيَانَ: «الآنَ يَلْحَسُ الْجُمْهُورُ كُلَّ مَا حَوْلَنَا كَمَا يَلْحَسُ الثَّوْرُ خُضْرَةَ الْحَقْلِ». وَكَانَ بَالاَقُ بْنُ صِفُّورَ مَلِكًا لِمُوآبَ فِي ذلِكَ الزَّمَانِ.4 And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time.
5 فَأَرْسَلَ رُسُلاً إِلَى بَلْعَامَ بْنِ بَعُورَ، إِلَى فَتُورَ الَّتِي عَلَى النَّهْرِ فِي أَرْضِ بَنِي شَعْبِهِ لِيَدْعُوَهُ قَائِلاً: «هُوَذَا شَعْبٌ قَدْ خَرَجَ مِنْ مِصْرَ. هُوَذَا قَدْ غَشَّى وَجْهَ الأَرْضِ، وَهُوَ مُقِيمٌ مُقَابَِلِي.5 He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which is by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me:
6 فَالآنَ تَعَالَ وَالْعَنْ لِي هذَا الشَّعْبَ، لأَنَّهُ أَعْظَمُ مِنِّي، لَعَلَّهُ يُمْكِنُنَا أَنْ نَكْسِرَهُ فَأَطْرُدَهُ مِنَ الأَرْضِ، لأَنِّي عَرَفْتُ أَنَّ الَّذِي تُبَارِكُهُ مُبَارَكٌ وَالَّذِي تَلْعَنُهُ مَلْعُونٌ».6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite them, and that I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.
7 فَانْطَلَقَ شُيُوخُ مُوآبَ وَشُيُوخُ مِدْيَانَ، وَحُلْوَانُ الْعِرَافَةِ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ، وَأَتَوْا إِلَى بَلْعَامَ وَكَلَّمُوهُ بِكَلاَمِ بَالاَقَ. 7 And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto him the words of Balak.
8 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «بِيتُوا هُنَا اللَّيْلَةَ فَأَرُدَّ عَلَيْكُمْ جَوَابًا كَمَا يُكَلِّمُنِي الرَّبُّ». فَمَكَثَ رُؤَسَاءُ مُوآبَ عِنْدَ بَلْعَامَ.8 And he said unto them, Lodge here this night, and I will bring you word again, as the LORD shall speak unto me: and the princes of Moab abode with Balaam.
9 فَأَتَى اللهُ إِلَى بَلْعَامَ وَقَالَ: «مَنْ هُمْ هؤُلاَءِ الرِّجَالُ الَّذِينَ عِنْدَكَ؟»9 And God came unto Balaam, and said, What men are these with thee?
10 فَقَالَ بَلْعَامُ ِللهِ: «بَالاَقُ بْنُ صِفُّورَ مَلِكُ مُوآبَ قَدْ أَرْسَلَ إِلَيَّ يَقُولُ:10 And Balaam said unto God, Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent unto me, saying,
11 هُوَذَا الشَّعْبُ الْخَارِجُ مِنْ مِصْرَ قَدْ غَشَّى وَجْهَ الأَرْضِ. تَعَالَ الآنَ الْعَنْ لِي إِيَّاهُ، لَعَلِّي أَقْدِرُ أَنْ أُحَارِبَهُ وَأَطْرُدَهُ».11 Behold, there is a people come out of Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth: come now, curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to overcome them, and drive them out.
12 فَقَالَ اللهُ لِبَلْعَامَ: «لاَ تَذْهَبْ مَعَهُمْ وَلاَ تَلْعَنِ الشَّعْبَ، لأَنَّهُ مُبَارَكٌ».12 And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed.
13 فَقَامَ بَلْعَامُ صَبَاحًا وَقَالَ لِرُؤَسَاءِ بَالاَقَ: «انْطَلِقُوا إِلَى أَرْضِكُمْ لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ أَبَى أَنْ يَسْمَحَ لِي بِالذَّهَابِ مَعَكُمْ».13 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and said unto the princes of Balak, Get you into your land: for the LORD refuseth to give me leave to go with you.
14 فَقَامَ رُؤَسَاءُ مُوآبَ وَأَتَوْا إِلَى بَالاَقَ وَقَالُوا: «أَبَى بَلْعَامُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ مَعَنَا».14 And the princes of Moab rose up, and they went unto Balak, and said, Balaam refuseth to come with us.
15 فَعَادَ بَالاَقُ وَأَرْسَلَ أَيْضًا رُؤَسَاءَ أَكْثَرَ وَأَعْظَمَ مِنْ أُولئِكَ.15 And Balak sent yet again princes, more, and more honorable than they.
16 فَأَتَوْا إِلَى بَلْعَامَ وَقَالُوا لَهُ: «هكَذَا قَالَ بَالاَقُ بْنُ صِفُّورَ: لاَ تَمْتَنِعْ مِنَ الإِتْيَانِ إِلَيَّ،16 And they came to Balaam, and said to him, Thus saith Balak the son of Zippor, Let nothing, I pray thee, hinder thee from coming unto me:
17 لأَنِّي أُكْرِمُكَ إِكْرَامًا عَظِيمًا، وَكُلَّ مَا تَقُولُ لِي أَفْعَلُهُ. فَتَعَالَ الآنَ الْعَنْ لِي هذَا الشَّعْبَ».17 For I will promote thee unto very great honor, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.
18 فَأَجَابَ بَلْعَامُ وَقَالَ لِعَبِيدِ بَالاَقَ: «وَلَوْ أَعْطَانِي بَالاَقُ مِلْءَ بَيْتِهِ فِضَّةً وَذَهَبًا لاَ أَقْدِرُ أَنْ أَتَجَاوَزَ قَوْلَ الرَّبِّ إِلهِي لأَعْمَلَ صَغِيرًا أَوْ كَبِيرًا.18 And Balaam answered and said unto the servants of Balak, If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the word of the LORD my God, to do less or more.
19 فَالآنَ امْكُثُوا هُنَا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا هذِهِ اللَّيْلَةَ لأَعْلَمَ مَاذَا يَعُودُ الرَّبُّ يُكَلِّمُنِي بِهِ».19 Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also here this night, that I may know what the LORD will say unto me more.
20 فَأَتَى اللهُ إِلَى بَلْعَامَ لَيْلاً وَقَالَ لَهُ: «إِنْ أَتَى الرِّجَالُ لِيَدْعُوكَ فَقُمِ اذْهَبْ مَعَهُمْ، إِنَّمَا تَعْمَلُ الأَمْرَ الَّذِي أُكَلِّمُكَ بِهِ فَقَطْ».20 And God came unto Balaam at night, and said unto him, If the men come to call thee, rise up, and go with them; but yet the word which I shall say unto thee, that shalt thou do.
21 فَقَامَ بَلْعَامُ صَبَاحًا وَشَدَّ عَلَى أَتَانِهِ وَانْطَلَقَ مَعَ رُؤَسَاءِ مُوآبَ.21 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the princes of Moab.
22 فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ اللهِ لأَنَّهُ مُنْطَلِقٌ، وَوَقَفَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ فِي الطَّرِيقِ لِيُقَاوِمَهُ وَهُوَ رَاكِبٌ عَلَى أَتَانِهِ وَغُلاَمَاهُ مَعَهُ.22 And God's anger was kindled because he went: and the angel of the LORD stood in the way for an adversary against him. Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants were with him.
23 فَأَبْصَرَتِ الأَتَانُ مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ وَاقِفًا فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَسَيْفُهُ مَسْلُولٌ فِي يَدِهِ، فَمَالَتِ الأَتَانُ عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ وَمَشَتْ فِي الْحَقْلِ. فَضَرَبَ بَلْعَامُ الأَتَانَ لِيَرُدَّهَا إِلَى الطَّرِيقِ.23 And the ass saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and the ass turned aside out of the way, and went into the field: and Balaam smote the ass, to turn her into the way.
24 ثُمَّ وَقَفَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ فِي خَنْدَقٍ لِلْكُرُومِ، لَهُ حَائِطٌ مِنْ هُنَا وَحَائِطٌ مِنْ هُنَاكَ. 24 But the angel of the LORD stood in a path of the vineyards, a wall being on this side, and a wall on that side.
25 فَلَمَّا أَبْصَرَتِ الأَتَانُ مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ زَحَمَتِ الْحَائِطَ، وَضَغَطَتْ رِجْلَ بَلْعَامَ بِالْحَائِطِ، فَضَرَبَهَا أَيْضًا.25 And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she thrust herself unto the wall, and crushed Balaam's foot against the wall: and he smote her again.
26 ثُمَّ اجْتَازَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ أَيْضًا وَوَقَفَ فِي مَكَانٍ ضَيِّقٍ حَيْثُ لَيْسَ سَبِيلٌ لِلنُّكُوبِ يَمِينًا أَوْ شِمَالاً. 26 And the angel of the LORD went further, and stood in a narrow place, where was no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left.
27 فَلَمَّا أَبْصَرَتِ الأَتَانُ مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ، رَبَضَتْ تَحْتَ بَلْعَامَ. فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ بَلْعَامَ وَضَرَبَ الأَتَانَ بِالْقَضِيبِ.27 And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she fell down under Balaam: and Balaam's anger was kindled, and he smote the ass with a staff.
28 فَفَتَحَ الرَّبُّ فَمَ الأَتَانِ، فَقَالَتْ لِبَلْعَامَ: «مَاذَا صَنَعْتُ بِكَ حَتَّى ضَرَبْتَنِي الآنَ ثَلاَثَ دَفَعَاتٍ؟».28 And the LORD opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times?
29 فَقَالَ بَلْعَامُ لِلأَتَانِ: «لأَنَّكِ ازْدَرَيْتِ بِي. لَوْ كَانَ فِي يَدِي سَيْفٌ لَكُنْتُ الآنَ قَدْ قَتَلْتُكِ».29 And Balaam said unto the ass, Because thou hast mocked me: I would there were a sword in mine hand, for now would I kill thee.
30 فَقَالَتِ الأَتَانُ لِبَلْعَامَ: «أَلَسْتُ أَنَا أَتَانَكَ الَّتِي رَكِبْتَ عَلَيْهَا مُنْذُ وُجُودِكَ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ؟ هَلْ تَعَوَّدْتُ أَنْ أَفْعَلَ بِكَ هكَذَا؟» فَقَالَ: «لاَ».30 And the ass said unto Balaam, Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden ever since I was thine unto this day? was I ever wont to do so unto thee? And he said, Nay.
31 ثُمَّ كَشَفَ الرَّبُّ عَنْ عَيْنَيْ بَلْعَامَ، فَأَبْصَرَ مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ وَاقِفًا فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَسَيْفُهُ مَسْلُولٌ فِي يَدِهِ، فَخَرَّ سَاجِدًا عَلَى وَجْهِهِ.31 Then the LORD opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and he bowed down his head, and fell flat on his face.
32 فَقَالَ لَهُ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ: «لِمَاذَا ضَرَبْتَ أَتَانَكَ الآنَ ثَلاَثَ دَفَعَاتٍ؟ هأَنَذَا قَدْ خَرَجْتُ لِلْمُقَاوَمَةِ لأَنَّ الطَّرِيقَ وَرْطَةٌ أَمَامِي، 32 And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? behold, I went out to withstand thee, because thy way is perverse before me:
33 فَأَبْصَرَتْنِي الأَتَانُ وَمَالَتْ مِنْ قُدَّامِي الآنَ ثَلاَثَ دَفَعَاتٍ. وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمِلْ مِنْ قُدَّامِي لَكُنْتُ الآنَ قَدْ قَتَلْتُكَ وَاسْتَبْقَيْتُهَا».33 And the ass saw me, and turned from me these three times: unless she had turned from me, surely now also I had slain thee, and saved her alive.
34 فَقَالَ بَلْعَامُ لِمَلاَكِ الرَّبِّ: «أَخْطَأْتُ. إِنِّي لَمْ أَعْلَمْ أَنَّكَ وَاقِفٌ تِلْقَائِي فِي الطَّرِيقِ. وَالآنَ إِنْ قَبُحَ فِي عَيْنَيْكَ فَإِنِّي أَرْجعُ».34 And Balaam said unto the angel of the LORD, I have sinned; for I knew not that thou stoodest in the way against me: now therefore, if it displease thee, I will get me back again.
35 فَقَالَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ لِبَلْعَامَ: «اذْهَبْ مَعَ الرِّجَالِ، وَإِنَّمَا تَتَكَلَّمُ بِالْكَلاَمِ الَّذِي أُكَلِّمُكَ بِهِ فَقَطْ». فَانْطَلَقَ بَلْعَامُ مَعَ رُؤَسَاءِ بَالاَقَ.35 And the angel of the LORD said unto Balaam, Go with the men: but only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak. So Balaam went with the princes of Balak.
36 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ بَالاَقُ أَنَّ بَلْعَامَ جَاءَ، خَرَجَ لاسْتِقْبَالِهِ إِلَى مَدِينَةِ مُوآبَ الَّتِي عَلَى تَخْمِ أَرْنُونَ الَّذِي فِي أَقْصَى التُّخُومِ.36 And when Balak heard that Balaam was come, he went out to meet him unto a city of Moab, which is in the border of Arnon, which is in the utmost coast.
37 فَقَالَ بَالاَقُ لِبَلْعَامَ: «أَلَمْ أُرْسِلْ إِلَيْكَ لأَدْعُوَكَ؟ لِمَاذَا لَمْ تَأْتِ إِلَيَّ؟ أَحَقًّا لاَ أَقْدِرُ أَنْ أُكْرِمَكَ؟»37 And Balak said unto Balaam, Did I not earnestly send unto thee to call thee? wherefore camest thou not unto me? am I not able indeed to promote thee to honor?
38 فَقَالَ بَلْعَامُ لِبَالاَقَ: «هأَنَذَا قَدْ جِئْتُ إِلَيْكَ. أَلَعَلِّي الآنَ أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أَتَكَلَّمَ بِشَيْءٍ؟ اَلْكَلاَمُ الَّذِي يَضَعُهُ اللهُ فِي فَمِي بِهِ أَتَكَلَّمُ».38 And Balaam said unto Balak, Lo, I am come unto thee: have I now any power at all to say any thing? the word that God putteth in my mouth, that shall I speak.
39 فَانْطَلَقَ بَلْعَامُ مَعَ بَالاَقَ وَأَتَيَا إِلَى قَرْيَةِ حَصُوتَ.39 And Balaam went with Balak, and they came unto Kirjathhuzoth.
40 فَذَبَحَ بَالاَقُ بَقَرًا وَغَنَمًا، وَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى بَلْعَامَ وَإِلَى الرُّؤَسَاءِ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ.40 And Balak offered oxen and sheep, and sent to Balaam, and to the princes that were with him.
41 وَفِي الصَّبَاحِ أَخَذَ بَالاَقُ بَلْعَامَ وَأَصْعَدَهُ إِلَى مُرْتَفَعَاتِ بَعْلٍ، فَرَأَى مِنْ هُنَاكَ أَقْصَى الشَّعْبِ.41 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Balak took Balaam, and brought him up into the high places of Baal, that thence he might see the utmost part of the people.
حلوان
انظر حلاوين أعلاه.
خندق
حفرة مستطيلة.
نكُوُب
عدول، حَيَدان.
وَرْطَة
عسرة الملك. موحلة.