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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [35] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 ثُمَّ كَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى فِي عَرَبَاتِ مُوآبَ عَلَى أُرْدُنِّ أَرِيحَا قَائِلاً:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,
2 «أَوْصِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنْ يُعْطُوا اللاَّوِيِّينَ مِنْ نَصِيبِ مُلْكِهِمْ مُدُنًا لِلسَّكَنِ، وَمَسَارِحَ لِلْمُدُنِ حَوَالَيْهَا تُعْطُونَ اللاَّوِيِّينَ.2 Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and ye shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them.
3 فَتَكُونُ الْمُدُنُ لَهُمْ لِلسَّكَنِ وَمَسَارِحُهَا تَكُونُ لِبَهَائِمِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَلِسَائِرِ حَيَوَانَاتِهِمْ.3 And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts.
4 وَمَسَارِحُ الْمُدُنِ الَّتِي تُعْطُونَ اللاَّوِيِّينَ تَكُونُ مِنْ سُورِ الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى جِهَةِ الْخَارِجِ أَلْفَ ذِرَاعٍ حَوَالَيْهَا. 4 And the suburbs of the cities, which ye shall give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits round about.
5 فَتَقِيسُونَ مِنْ خَارِجِ الْمَدِينَةِ جَانِبَ الشَّرْقِ أَلْفَيْ ذِرَاعٍ، وَجَانِبَ الْجَنُوبِ أَلْفَيْ ذِرَاعٍ، وَجَانِبَ الْغَرْبِ أَلْفَيْ ذِرَاعٍ، وَجَانِبَ الشِّمَالِ أَلْفَيْ ذِرَاعٍ، وَتَكُونُ الْمَدِينَةُ فِي الْوَسَطِ. هذِهِ تَكُونُ لَهُمْ مَسَارِحَ الْمُدُنِ.5 And ye shall measure from without the city on the east side two thousand cubits, and on the south side two thousand cubits, and on the west side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits; and the city shall be in the midst: this shall be to them the suburbs of the cities.
6 « وَالْمُدُنُ الَّتِي تُعْطُونَ اللاَّوِيِّينَ تَكُونُ سِتٌّ مِنْهَا مُدُنًا لِلْمَلْجَأِ. تُعْطُونَهَا لِكَيْ يَهْرُبَ إِلَيْهَا الْقَاتِلُ. وَفَوْقَهَا تُعْطُونَ اثْنَتَيْنِ وَأَرْبَعِينَ مَدِينَةً.6 And among the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which ye shall appoint for the manslayer, that he may flee thither: and to them ye shall add forty and two cities.
7 جَمِيعُ الْمُدُنِ الَّتِي تُعْطُونَ اللاَّوِيِّينَ ثَمَانِي وَأَرْبَعُونَ مَدِينَةً مَعَ مَسَارِحِهَا.7 So all the cities which ye shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities: them shall ye give with their suburbs.
8 وَالْمُدُنُ الَّتِي تُعْطُونَ مِنْ مُلْكِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، مِنَ الْكَثِيرِ تُكَثِّرُونَ، وَمِنَ الْقَلِيلِ تُقَلِّلُونَ. كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ حَسَبَ نَصِيبِهِ الَّذِي مَلَكَهُ يُعْطِي مِنْ مُدُنِهِ لِلاَّوِيِّينَ».8 And the cities which ye shall give shall be of the possession of the children of Israel: from them that have many ye shall give many; but from them that have few ye shall give few: every one shall give of his cities unto the Levites according to his inheritance which he inheriteth.
9 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلاً:9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
10 «كَلِّمْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ: إِنَّكُمْ عَابِرُونَ الأُرْدُنَّ إِلَى أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ.10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come over Jordan into the land of Canaan;
11 فَتُعَيِّنُونَ لأَنْفُسِكُمْ مُدُنًا تَكُونُ مُدُنَ مَلْجَأٍ لَكُمْ، لِيَهْرُبَ إِلَيْهَا الْقَاتِلُ الَّذِي قَتَلَ نَفْسًا سَهْوًا.11 Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.
12 فَتَكُونُ لَكُمُ الْمُدُنُ مَلْجَأً مِنَ الْوَلِيِّ، لِكَيْلاَ يَمُوتَ الْقَاتِلُ حَتَّى يَقِفَ أَمَامَ الْجَمَاعَةِ لِلْقَضَاءِ.12 And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment.
13 وَالْمُدُنُ الَّتِي تُعْطُونَ تَكُونُ سِتَّ مُدُنِ مَلْجَأٍ لَكُمْ.13 And of these cities which ye shall give six cities shall ye have for refuge.
14 ثَلاَثًا مِنَ الْمُدُنِ تُعْطُونَ فِي عَبْرِ الأُرْدُنِّ، وَثَلاَثًا مِنَ الْمُدُنِ تُعْطُونَ فِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ. مُدُنَ مَلْجَأٍ تَكُونُ14 Ye shall give three cities on this side Jordan, and three cities shall ye give in the land of Canaan, which shall be cities of refuge.
15 لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلِلْغَرِيبِ وَلِلْمُسْتَوْطِنِ فِي وَسَطِهِمْ تَكُونُ هذِهِ السِّتُّ الْمُدُنِ لِلْمَلْجَأِ، لِكَيْ يَهْرُبَ إِلَيْهَا كُلُّ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا سَهْوًا.15 These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and for the sojourner among them: that every one that killeth any person unawares may flee thither.
16 «إِنْ ضَرَبَهُ بِأَدَاةِ حَدِيدٍ فَمَاتَ، فَهُوَ قَاتِلٌ. إِنَّ الْقَاتِلَ يُقْتَلُ.16 And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
17 وَإِنْ ضَرَبَهُ بِحَجَرِ يَدٍ مِمَّا يُقْتَلُ بِهِ فَمَاتَ، فَهُوَ قَاتِلٌ. إِنَّ الْقَاتِلَ يُقْتَلُ.17 And if he smite him with throwing a stone, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
18 أَوْ ضَرَبَهُ بِأَدَاةِ يَدٍ مِنْ خَشَبٍ مِمَّا يُقْتَلُ بِهِ، فَهُوَ قَاتِلٌ. إِنَّ الْقَاتِلَ يُقْتَلُ.18 Or if he smite him with an hand weapon of wood, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
19 وَلِيُّ الدَّمِ يَقْتُلُ الْقَاتِلَ. حِينَ يُصَادِفُهُ يَقْتُلُهُ.19 The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall slay him.
20 وَإِنْ دَفَعَهُ بِبُغْضَةٍ أَوْ أَلْقَى عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا بِتَعَمُّدٍ فَمَاتَ،20 But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;
21 أَوْ ضَرَبَهُ بِيَدِهِ بِعَدَاوَةٍ فَمَاتَ، فَإِنَّهُ يُقْتَلُ الضَّارِبُ لأَنَّهُ قَاتِلٌ. وَلِيُّ الدَّمِ يَقْتُلُ الْقَاتِلَ حِينَ يُصَادِفُهُ.21 Or in enmity smite him with his hand, that he die: he that smote him shall surely be put to death; for he is a murderer: the revenger of blood shall slay the murderer, when he meeteth him.
22 وَلكِنْ إِنْ دَفَعَهُ بَغْتَةً بِلاَ عَدَاوَةٍ، أَوْ أَلْقَى عَلَيْهِ أَدَاةً مَا بِلاَ تَعَمُّدٍ،22 But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait,
23 أَوْ حَجَرًا مَا مِمَّا يُقْتَلُ بِهِ بِلاَ رُؤْيَةٍ. أَسْقَطَهُ عَلَيْهِ فَمَاتَ، وَهُوَ لَيْسَ عَدُوًّا لَهُ وَلاَ طَالِبًا أَذِيَّتَهُ،23 Or with any stone, wherewith a man may die, seeing him not, and cast it upon him, that he die, and was not his enemy, neither sought his harm:
24 تَقْضِي الْجَمَاعَةُ بَيْنَ الْقَاتِلِ وَبَيْنَ وَلِيِّ الدَّمِ، حَسَبَ هذِهِ الأَحْكَامِ.24 Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these judgments:
25 وَتُنْقِذُ الْجَمَاعَةُ الْقَاتِلَ مِنْ يَدِ وَلِيِّ الدَّمِ، وَتَرُدُّهُ الْجَمَاعَةُ إِلَى مَدِينَةِ مَلْجَئِهِ الَّتِي هَرَبَ إِلَيْهَا، فَيُقِيمُ هُنَاكَ إِلَى مَوْتِ الْكَاهِنِ الْعَظِيمِ الَّذِي مُسِحَ بِالدُّهْنِ الْمُقَدَّسِ.25 And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled: and he shall abide in it unto the death of the high priest, which was anointed with the holy oil.
26 وَلكِنْ إِنْ خَرَجَ الْقَاتِلُ مِنْ حُدُودِ مَدِينَةِ مَلْجَئِهِ الَّتِي هَرَبَ إِلَيْهَا،26 But if the slayer shall at any time come without the border of the city of his refuge, whither he was fled;
27 وَوَجَدَهُ وَلِيُّ الدَّمِ خَارِجَ حُدُودِ مَدِينَةِ مَلْجَئِهِ، وَقَتَلَ وَلِيُّ الدَّمِ الْقَاتِلَ، فَلَيْسَ لَهُ دَمٌ،27 And the revenger of blood find him without the borders of the city of his refuge, and the revenger of blood kill the slayer; he shall not be guilty of blood:
28 لأَنَّهُ فِي مَدِينَةِ مَلْجَئِهِ يُقِيمُ إِلَى مَوْتِ الْكَاهِنِ الْعَظِيمِ. وَأَمَّا بَعْدَ مَوْتِ الْكَاهِنِ الْعَظِيمِ فَيَرْجعُ الْقَاتِلُ إِلَى أَرْضِ مُلْكِهِ.28 Because he should have remained in the city of his refuge until the death of the high priest: but after the death of the high priest the slayer shall return into the land of his possession.
29 «فَتَكُونُ هذِهِ لَكُمْ فَرِيضَةَ حُكْمٍ إِلَى أَجْيَالِكُمْ فِي جَمِيعِ مَسَاكِنِكُمْ.29 So these things shall be for a statute of judgment unto you throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
30 كُلُّ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا فَعَلَى فَمِ شُهُودٍ يُقْتَلُ الْقَاتِلُ. وَشَاهِدٌ وَاحِدٌ لاَ يَشْهَدْ عَلَى نَفْسٍ لِلْمَوْتِ.30 Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die.
31 وَلاَ تَأْخُذُوا فِدْيَةً عَنْ نَفْسِ الْقَاتِلِ الْمُذْنِبِ لِلْمَوْتِ، بَلْ إِنَّهُ يُقْتَلُ.31 Moreover ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.
32 وَلاَ تَأْخُذُوا فِدْيَةً لِيَهْرُبَ إِلَى مَدِينَةِ مَلْجَئِهِ، فَيَرْجعَ وَيَسْكُنَ فِي الأَرْضِ بَعْدَ مَوْتِ الْكَاهِنِ.32 And ye shall take no satisfaction for him that is fled to the city of his refuge, that he should come again to dwell in the land, until the death of the priest.
33 لاَ تُدَنِّسُوا الأَرْضَ الَّتِي أَنْتُمْ فِيهَا، لأَنَّ الدَّمَ يُدَنِّسُ الأَرْضَ. وَعَنِ الأَرْضِ لاَ يُكَفَّرُ لأَجْلِ الدَّمِ الَّذِي سُفِكَ فِيهَا، إِلاَّ بِدَمِ سَافِكِهِ.33 So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.
34 وَلاَ تُنَجِّسُوا الأَرْضَ الَّتِي أَنْتُمْ مُقِيمُونَ فِيهَا الَّتِي أَنَا سَاكِنٌ فِي وَسَطِهَا. إِنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ سَاكِنٌ فِي وَسَطِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ».34 Defile not therefore the land which ye shall inhabit, wherein I dwell: for I the LORD dwell among the children of Israel.
مَسَارح
مفردها مَسْرح: مَرْعى، ضاحية.