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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

العدد [8] Numbers
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلاً:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 «كَلِّمْ هَارُونَ وَقُلْ لَهُ: مَتَى رَفَعْتَ السُّرُجَ فَإِلَى قُدَّامِ الْمَنَارَةِ تُضِيءُ السُّرُجُ السَّبْعَةُ».2 Speak unto Aaron and say unto him, When thou lightest the lamps, the seven lamps shall give light over against the candlestick.
3 فَفَعَلَ هَارُونُ هكَذَا. إِلَى قُدَّامِ الْمَنَارَةِ رَفَعَ سُرُجَهَا كَمَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى.3 And Aaron did so; he lighted the lamps thereof over against the candlestick, as the LORD commanded Moses.
4 وَهذِهِ هِيَ صَنْعَةُ الْمَنَارَةِ: مَسْحُولَةٌ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ. حَتَّى سَاقُهَا وَزَهْرُهَا هِيَ مَسْحُولَةٌ. حَسَبَ الْمَنْظَرِ الَّذِي أَرَاهُ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى هكَذَا عَمِلَ الْمَنَارَةَ. 4 And this work of the candlestick was of beaten gold, unto the shaft thereof, unto the flowers thereof, was beaten work: according unto the pattern which the LORD had showed Moses, so he made the candlestick.
5 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلاً:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
6 «خُذِ اللاَّوِيِّينَ مِنْ بَيْنِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَطَهِّرْهُمْ.6 Take the Levites from among the children of Israel, and cleanse them.
7 وَهكَذَا تَفْعَلُ لَهُمْ لِتَطْهِيرِهِمِ: انْضِحْ عَلَيْهِمْ مَاءَ الْخَطِيَّةِ، وَلْيُمِرُّوا مُوسَى عَلَى كُلِّ بَشَرِهِمْ، وَيَغْسِلُوا ثِيَابَهُمْ فَيَتَطَهَّرُوا.7 And thus shalt thou do unto them, to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of purifying upon them, and let them shave all their flesh, and let them wash their clothes, and so make themselves clean.
8 ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُوا ثَوْرًا ابْنَ بَقَرٍ وَتَقْدِمَتَهُ دَقِيقًا مَلْتُوتًا بِزَيْتٍ. وَثَوْرًا آخَرَ ابْنَ بَقَرٍ تَأْخُذُ لِذَبِيحَةِ خَطِيَّةٍ.8 Then let them take a young bullock with his meat offering, even fine flour mingled with oil, and another young bullock shalt thou take for a sin offering.
9 فَتُقَدِّمُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ أَمَامَ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ، وَتَجْمَعُ كُلَّ جَمَاعَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ،9 And thou shalt bring the Levites before the tabernacle of the congregation: and thou shalt gather the whole assembly of the children of Israel together:
10 وَتُقَدِّمُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، فَيَضَعُ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَى اللاَّوِيِّينَ.10 And thou shalt bring the Levites before the LORD: and the children of Israel shall put their hands upon the Levites:
11 وَيُرَدِّدُ هَارُونُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ تَرْدِيدًا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ مِنْ عِنْدِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَيَكُونُونَ لِيَخْدِمُوا خِدْمَةَ الرَّبِّ.11 And Aaron shall offer the Levites before the LORD for an offering of the children of Israel, that they may execute the service of the LORD.
12 ثُمَّ يَضَعُ اللاَّوِيُّونَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَى رَأْسَيِ الثَّوْرَيْنِ، فَتُقَرِّبُ الْوَاحِدَ ذَبِيحَةَ خَطِيَّةٍ، وَالآخَرَ مُحْرَقَةً لِلرَّبِّ، لِلتَّكْفِيرِ عَنِ اللاَّوِيِّينَ.12 And the Levites shall lay their hands upon the heads of the bullocks: and thou shalt offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, unto the LORD, to make an atonement for the Levites.
13 فَتُوقِفُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ أَمَامَ هَارُونَ وَبَنِيهِ وَتُرَدِّدُهُمْ تَرْدِيدًا لِلرَّبِّ.13 And thou shalt set the Levites before Aaron, and before his sons, and offer them for an offering unto the LORD.
14 وَتُفْرِزُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ مِنْ بَيْنِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَيَكُونُ اللاَّوِيُّونَ لِي.14 Thus shalt thou separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be mine.
15 وَبَعْدَ ذلِكَ يَأْتِي اللاَّوِيُّونَ لِيَخْدِمُوا خَيْمَةَ الاجْتِمَاعِ فَتُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُرَدِّدُهُمْ تَرْدِيدًا،15 And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: and thou shalt cleanse them, and offer them for an offering.
16 لأَنَّهُمْ مَوْهُوبُونَ لِي هِبَةً مِنْ بَيْنِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. بَدَلَ كُلِّ فَاتِحِ رَحِمٍ، بِكْرِ كُلِّ مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَدِ اتَّخَذْتُهُمْ لِي.16 For they are wholly given unto me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto me.
17 لأَنَّ لِي كُلَّ بِكْرٍ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَمِنَ الْبَهَائِمِ. يَوْمَ ضَرَبْتُ كُلَّ بِكْرٍ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ قَدَّسْتُهُمْ لِي.17 For all the firstborn of the children of Israel are mine, both man and beast: on the day that I smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them for myself.
18 فَاتَّخَذْتُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ بَدَلَ كُلِّ بِكْرٍ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.18 And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel.
19 وَوَهَبْتُ اللاَّوِيِّينَ هِبَةً لِهَارُونَ وَبَنِيهِ مِنْ بَيْنِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، لِيَخْدِمُوا خِدْمَةَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ، وَلِلتَّكْفِيرِ عَنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، لِكَيْ لاَ يَكُونَ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَأٌ عِنْدَ اقْتِرَابِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الْقُدْسِ».19 And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come nigh unto the sanctuary.
20 فَفَعَلَ مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ وَكُلُّ جَمَاعَةِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لِلاَّوِيِّينَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى عَنِ اللاَّوِيِّينَ. هكَذَا فَعَلَ لَهُمْ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ.20 And Moses, and Aaron, and all the congregation of the children of Israel, did to the Levites according unto all that the LORD commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so did the children of Israel unto them.
21 فَتَطَهَّرَ اللاَّوِيُّونَ وَغَسَّلُوا ثِيَابَهُمْ، وَرَدَّدَهُمْ هَارُونُ تَرْدِيدًا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، وَكَفَّرَ عَنْهُمْ هَارُونُ لِتَطْهِيرِهِمْ.21 And the Levites were purified, and they washed their clothes; and Aaron offered them as an offering before the LORD; and Aaron made an atonement for them to cleanse them.
22 وَبَعْدَ ذلِكَ أَتَى اللاَّوِيُّونَ لِيَخْدِمُوا خِدْمَتَهُمْ فِي خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ أَمَامَ هَارُونَ وَأَمَامَ بَنِيهِ، كَمَا أَمَرَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى عَنِ اللاَّوِيِّينَ هكَذَا فَعَلُوا لَهُمْ.22 And after that went the Levites in to do their service in the tabernacle of the congregation before Aaron, and before his sons: as the LORD had commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so did they unto them.
23 وَكَلَّمَ الرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلاً:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
24 «هذَا مَا لِلاَّوِيِّينَ: مِنِ ابْنِ خَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ سَنَةً فَصَاعِدًا يَأْتُونَ لِيَتَجَنَّدُوا أَجْنَادًا فِي خِدْمَةِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ.24 This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation:
25 وَمِنِ ابْنِ خَمْسِينَ سَنَةً يَرْجِعُونَ مِنْ جُنْدِ الْخِدْمَةِ وَلاَ يَخْدِمُونَ بَعْدُ.25 And from the age of fifty years they shall cease waiting upon the service thereof, and shall serve no more:
26 يُوازِرُونَ إِخْوَتَهُمْ فِي خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ لِحَرَسِ حِرَاسَةٍ، لكِنْ خِدْمَةً لاَ يَخْدِمُونَ. هكَذَا تَعْمَلُ لِلاَّوِيِّينَ فِي حِرَاسَاتِهِمْ».26 But shall minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of the congregation, to keep the charge, and shall do no service. Thus shalt thou do unto the Levites touching their charge.
زَهْر
1-واحدتها زهرة: قاعدة الشمعة في المنارة. وسميت هكذا لأنها تشبه الزهرة. 2-(مجازياً) الفتوّة المفعمة بالرونق والنضارة (زهرة الشباب) أمثال5: 9.
مسْحول
منحوت، محفور.