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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

القضاة [13] Judges
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Chapter Summary
1 ثُمَّ عَادَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ يَعْمَلُونَ الشَّرَّ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ، فَدَفَعَهُمُ الرَّبُّ لِيَدِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً.1 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD delivered them into the hand of the Philistines forty years.
2 وَكَانَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ صُرْعَةَ مِنْ عَشِيرَةِ الدَّانِيِّينَ اسْمُهُ مَنُوحُ، وَامْرَأَتُهُ عَاقِرٌ لَمْ تَلِدْ.2 And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah; and his wife was barren, and bare not.
3 فَتَرَاءَى مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ لِلْمَرْأَةِ وَقَالَ لَهَا: «هَا أَنْتِ عَاقِرٌ لَمْ تَلِدِي، وَلكِنَّكِ تَحْبَلِينَ وَتَلِدِينَ ابْنًا.3 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto the woman, and said unto her, Behold now, thou art barren, and bearest not: but thou shalt conceive, and bear a son.
4 وَالآنَ فَاحْذَرِي وَلاَ تَشْرَبِي خَمْرًا وَلاَ مُسْكِرًا، وَلاَ تَأْكُلِي شَيْئًا نَجِسًا.4 Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing:
5 فَهَا إِنَّكِ تَحْبَلِينَ وَتَلِدِينَ ابْنًا، وَلاَ يَعْلُ مُوسَى رَأْسَهُ، لأَنَّ الصَّبِيَّ يَكُونُ نَذِيرًا ِللهِ مِنَ الْبَطْنِ، وَهُوَ يَبْدَأُ يُخَلِّصُ إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ يَدِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ». 5 For, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines.
6 فَدَخَلَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَكَلَّمَتْ رَجُلَهَا قَائِلَةً: «جَاءَ إِلَيَّ رَجُلُ اللهِ، وَمَنْظَرُهُ كَمَنْظَرِ مَلاَكِ اللهِ، مُرْهِبٌ جِدًّا. وَلَمْ أَسْأَلْهُ: مِنْ أَيْنَ هُوَ، وَلاَ هُوَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَنِ اسْمِهِ.6 Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance was like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he was, neither told he me his name:
7 وَقَالَ لِي: هَا أَنْتِ تَحْبَلِينَ وَتَلِدِينَ ابْنًا. وَالآنَ فَلاَ تَشْرَبِي خَمْرًا وَلاَ مُسْكِرًا، وَلاَ تَأْكُلِي شَيْئًا نَجِسًا، لأَنَّ الصَّبِيَّ يَكُونُ نَذِيرًا ِللهِ مِنَ الْبَطْنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ مَوْتِهِ».7 But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean thing: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.
8 فَصَلَّى مَنُوحُ إِلَى الرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «أَسْأَلُكَ يَا سَيِّدِي أَنْ يَأْتِيَ أَيْضًا إِلَيْنَا رَجُلُ اللهِ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَهُ، وَيُعَلِّمَنَا: مَاذَا نَعْمَلُ لِلصَّبِيِّ الَّذِي يُولَدُ؟».8 Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born.
9 فَسَمِعَ اللهُ لِصَوْتِ مَنُوحَ، فَجَاءَ مَلاَكُ اللهِ أَيْضًا إِلَى الْمَرْأَةِ وَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ فِي الْحَقْلِ، وَمَنُوحُ رَجُلُهَا لَيْسَ مَعَهَا.9 And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband was not with her.
10 فَأَسْرَعَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَرَكَضَتْ وَأَخْبَرَتْ رَجُلَهَا وَقَالَتْ لَهُ: «هُوَذَا قَدْ تَرَاءَى لِيَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي جَاءَ إِلَيَّ ذلِكَ الْيَوْمَ».10 And the woman made haste, and ran, and showed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the other day.
11 فَقَامَ مَنُوحُ وَسَارَ وَرَاءَ امْرَأَتِهِ وَجَاءَ إِلَى الرَّجُلِ، وَقَالَ لَهُ: «أَأَنْتَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي تَكَلَّمَ مَعَ الْمَرْأَةِ؟» فَقَالَ: «أَنَا هُوَ».11 And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, Art thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I am.
12 فَقَالَ مَنُوحُ: «عِنْدَ مَجِيءِ كَلاَمِكَ، مَاذَا يَكُونُ حُكْمُ الصَّبِيِّ وَمُعَامَلَتُهُ؟»12 And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and how shall we do unto him?
13 فَقَالَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ لِمَنُوحَ: «مِنْ كُلِّ مَا قُلْتُ لِلْمَرْأَةِ فَلْتَحْتَفِظْ.13 And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware.
14 مِنْ كُلِّ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْ جَفْنَةِ الْخَمْرِ لاَ تَأْكُلْ، وَخَمْرًا وَمُسْكِرًا لاَ تَشْرَبْ، وَكُلَّ نَجِسٍ لاَ تَأْكُلْ. لِتَحْذَرْ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا أَوْصَيْتُهَا».14 She may not eat of any thing that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe.
15 فَقَالَ مَنُوحُ لِمَلاَكِ الرَّبِّ: «دَعْنَا نُعَوِّقْكَ وَنَعْمَلْ لَكَ جَدْيَ مِعْزًى».15 And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee.
16 فَقَالَ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ لِمَنُوحَ: «وَلَوْ عَوَّقْتَنِي لاَ آكُلُ مِنْ خُبْزِكَ، وَإِنْ عَمِلْتَ مُحْرَقَةً فَلِلرَّبِّ أَصْعِدْهَا». لأَنَّ مَنُوحَ لَمْ يَعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ.16 And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he was an angel of the LORD.
17 فَقَالَ مَنُوحُ لِمَلاَكِ الرَّبِّ: «مَا اسْمُكَ حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ كَلاَمُكَ نُكْرِمُكَ؟»17 And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What is thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honor?
18 فَقَالَ لَهُ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ: «لِمَاذَا تَسْأَلُ عَنِ اسْمِي وَهُوَ عَجِيبٌ؟».18 And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret?
19 فَأَخَذَ مَنُوحُ جَدْيَ الْمِعْزَى وَالتَّقْدِمَةَ وَأَصْعَدَهُمَا عَلَى الصَّخْرَةِ لِلرَّبِّ. فَعَمِلَ عَمَلاً عَجِيبًا وَمَنُوحُ وَامْرَأَتُهُ يَنْظُرَانِ.19 So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered it upon a rock unto the LORD: and the angel did wonderously; and Manoah and his wife looked on.
20 فَكَانَ عِنْدَ صُعُودِ اللَّهِيبِ عَنِ الْمَذْبَحِ نَحْوَ السَّمَاءِ، أَنَّ مَلاَكَ الرَّبِّ صَعِدَ فِي لَهِيبِ الْمَذْبَحِ، وَمَنُوحُ وَامْرَأَتُهُ يَنْظُرَانِ. فَسَقَطَا عَلَى وَجْهَيْهِمَا إِلَى الأَرْضِ.20 For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on it, and fell on their faces to the ground.
21 وَلَمْ يَعُدْ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ يَتَرَاءَى لِمَنُوحَ وَامْرَأَتِهِ. حِينَئِذٍ عَرَفَ مَنُوحُ أَنَّهُ مَلاَكُ الرَّبِّ.21 But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he was an angel of the LORD.
22 فَقَالَ مَنُوحُ لامْرَأَتِهِ: «نَمُوتُ مَوْتًا لأَنَّنَا قَدْ رَأَيْنَا اللهَ»22 And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.
23 فَقَالَتْ لَهُ امْرَأَتُهُ: «لَوْ أَرَادَ الرَّبُّ أَنْ يُمِيتَنَا، لَمَا أَخَذَ مِنْ يَدِنَا مُحْرَقَةً وَتَقْدِمَةً، وَلَمَا أَرَانَا كُلَّ هذِهِ، وَلَمَا كَانَ فِي مِثْلِ هذَا الْوَقْتِ أَسْمَعَنَا مِثْلَ هذِهِ».23 But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have showed us all these things, nor would as at this time have told us such things as these.
24 فَوَلَدَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ ابْنًا وَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ شَمْشُونَ. فَكَبِرَ الصَّبِيُّ وَبَارَكَهُ الرَّبُّ.24 And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him.
25 وَابْتَدَأَ رُوحُ الرَّبِّ يُحَرِّكُهُ فِي مَحَلَّةِ دَانَ بَيْنَ صُرْعَةَ وَأَشْتَأُولَ.25 And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.
موسى
سكين الحلاقة.