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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21

تفسير Commentary
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

القضاة [14] Judges
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Chapter Summary
1 وَنَزَلَ شَمْشُونُ إِلَى تِمْنَةَ، وَرَأَى امْرَأَةً فِي تِمْنَةَ مِنْ بَنَاتِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ.1 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines.
2 فَصَعِدَ وَأَخْبَرَ أَبَاهُ وَأُمَّهُ وَقَالَ: «قَدْ رَأَيْتُ امْرَأَةً فِي تِمْنَةَ مِنْ بَنَاتِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ، فَالآنَ خُذَاهَا لِيَ امْرَأَةً».2 And he came up, and told his father and his mother, and said, I have seen a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines: now therefore get her for me to wife.
3 فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُوهُ وَأُمُّهُ: «أَلَيْسَ فِي بَنَاتِ إِخْوَتِكَ وَفِي كُلِّ شَعْبِي امْرَأَةٌ حَتَّى أَنَّكَ ذَاهِبٌ لِتَأْخُذَ امْرَأَةً مِنَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ الْغُلْفِ؟» فَقَالَ شَمْشُونُ لأَبِيهِ: «إِيَّاهَا خُذْ لِي لأَنَّهَا حَسُنَتْ فِي عَيْنَيَّ».3 Then his father and his mother said unto him, Is there never a woman among the daughters of thy brethren, or among all my people, that thou goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised Philistines? And Samson said unto his father, Get her for me; for she pleaseth me well.
4 وَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ أَبُوهُ وَأُمُّهُ أَنَّ ذلِكَ مِنَ الرَّبِّ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ يَطْلُبُ عِلَّةً عَلَى الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ. وَفِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ كَانَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ مُتَسَلِّطِينَ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ.4 But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.
5 فَنَزَلَ شَمْشُونُ وَأَبُوهُ وَأُمُّهُ إِلَى تِمْنَةَ، وَأَتَوْا إِلَى كُرُومِ تِمْنَةَ. وَإِذَا بِشِبْلِ أَسَدٍ يُزَمْجِرُ لِلِقَائِهِ.5 Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold, a young lion roared against him.
6 فَحَلَّ عَلَيْهِ رُوحُ الرَّبِّ، فَشَقَّهُ كَشَقِّ الْجَدْيِ، وَلَيْسَ فِي يَدِهِ شَيْءٌ. وَلَمْ يُخْبِرْ أَبَاهُ وَأُمَّهُ بِمَا فَعَلَ.6 And the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done.
7 فَنَزَلَ وَكَلَّمَ الْمَرْأَةَ فَحَسُنَتْ فِي عَيْنَيْ شَمْشُونَ.7 And he went down, and talked with the woman; and she pleased Samson well.
8 وَلَمَّا رَجَعَ بَعْدَ أَيَّامٍ لِكَيْ يَأْخُذَهَا، مَالَ لِكَيْ يَرَى رِمَّةَ الأَسَدِ، وَإِذَا دَبْرٌ مِنَ النَّحْلِ فِي جَوْفِ الأَسَدِ مَعَ عَسَل. 8 And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcass of the lion: and, behold, there was a swarm of bees and honey in the carcass of the lion.
9 فَاشْتَارَ مِنْهُ عَلَى كَفَّيْهِ، وَكَانَ يَمْشِي وَيَأْكُلُ، وَذَهَبَ إِلَى أَبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ وَأَعْطَاهُمَا فَأَكَلاَ، وَلَمْ يُخْبِرْهُمَا أَنَّهُ مِنْ جَوْفِ الأَسَدِ اشْتَارَ الْعَسَلَ. 9 And he took thereof in his hands, and went on eating, and came to his father and mother, and he gave them, and they did eat: but he told not them that he had taken the honey out of the carcass of the lion.
10 وَنَزَلَ أَبُوهُ إِلَى الْمَرْأَةِ، فَعَمِلَ هُنَاكَ شَمْشُونُ وَلِيمَةً، لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا كَانَ يَفْعَلُ الْفِتْيَانُ.10 So his father went down unto the woman: and Samson made there a feast; for so used the young men to do.
11 فَلَمَّا رَأُوهُ أَحْضَرُوا ثَلاَثِينَ مِنَ الأَصْحَابِ، فَكَانُوا مَعَهُ.11 And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they brought thirty companions to be with him.
12 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ شَمْشُونُ: «لأُحَاجِيَنَّكُمْ أُحْجِيَّةً، فَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمُوهُا لِي فِي سَبْعَةِ أَيَّامِ الْوَلِيمَةِ وَأَصَبْتُمُوهَا، أُعْطِيكُمْ ثَلاَثِينَ قَمِيصًا وَثَلاَثِينَ حُلَّةَ ثِيَابٍ.12 And Samson said unto them, I will now put forth a riddle unto you: if ye can certainly declare it me within the seven days of the feast, and find it out, then I will give you thirty sheets and thirty change of garments:
13 وَإِنْ لَمْ تَقْدِرُوا أَنْ تَحُلُّوهَا لِي، تُعْطُونِي أَنْتُمْ ثَلاَثِينَ قَمِيصًا وَثَلاَثِينَ حُلَّةَ ثِيَابٍ». فَقَالُوا لَهُ: «حَاجِ أُحْجِيَّتَكَ فَنَسْمَعَهَا».13 But if ye cannot declare it me, then shall ye give me thirty sheets and thirty change of garments. And they said unto him, Put forth thy riddle, that we may hear it.
14 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «مِنَ الآكِلِ خَرَجَ أُكْلٌ، وَمِنَ الْجَافِي خَرَجَتْ حَلاَوَةٌ». فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا أَنْ يَحُلُّوا الأُحْجِيَّةَ فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ. 14 And he said unto them, Out of the eater came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweetness. And they could not in three days expound the riddle.
15 وَكَانَ فِي الْيَوْمِ السَّابعِ أَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا لامْرَأَةِ شَمْشُونَ: «تَمَلَّقِي رَجُلَكِ لِكَيْ يُظْهِرَ لَنَا الأُحْجِيَّةَ، لِئَلاَّ نُحْرِقَكِ وَبَيْتَ أَبِيكِ بِنَارٍ. أَلِتَسْلِبُونَا دَعَوْتُمُونَا أَمْ لاَ؟»15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said unto Samson's wife, Entice thy husband, that he may declare unto us the riddle, lest we burn thee and thy father's house with fire: have ye called us to take that we have? is it not so?
16 فَبَكَتِ امْرَأَةُ شَمْشُونَ لَدَيْهِ وَقَالَتْ: «إِنَّمَا كَرِهْتَنِي وَلاَ تُحِبُّنِي. قَدْ حَاجَيْتَ بَنِي شَعْبِي أُحْجِيَّةً وَإِيَّايَ لَمْ تُخْبِرْ». فَقَالَ لَهَا: «هُوَذَا أَبِي وَأُمِّي لَمْ أُخْبِرْهُمَا، فَهَلْ إِيَّاكِ أُخْبِرُ؟».16 And Samson's wife wept before him, and said, Thou dost but hate me, and lovest me not: thou hast put forth a riddle unto the children of my people, and hast not told it me. And he said unto her, Behold, I have not told it my father nor my mother, and shall I tell it thee?
17 فَبَكَتْ لَدَيْهِ السَّبْعَةَ الأَيَّامِ الَّتِي فِيهَا كَانَتْ لَهُمُ الْوَلِيمَةُ. وَكَانَ فِي الْيَوْمِ السَّابعِ أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهَا لأَنَّهَا ضَايَقَتْهُ، فَأَظْهَرَتِ الأُحْجِيَّةَ لِبَنِي شَعْبِهَا.17 And she wept before him the seven days, while their feast lasted: and it came to pass on the seventh day, that he told her, because she lay sore upon him: and she told the riddle to the children of her people.
18 فَقَالَ لَهُ رِجَالُ الْمَدِينَةِ فِي الْيَوْمِ السَّابعِ قَبْلَ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ: «أَيُّ شَيْءٍ أَحْلَى مِنَ الْعَسَلِ، وَمَا أَجْفَى مِنَ الأَسَدِ؟» فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «لَوْ لَمْ تَحْرُثُوا عَلَى عِجْلَتِي، لَمَا وَجَدْتُمْ أُحْجِيَّتِي». 18 And the men of the city said unto him on the seventh day before the sun went down, What is sweeter than honey? And what is stronger than a lion? and he said unto them, If ye had not plowed with my heifer, ye had not found out my riddle.
19 وَحَلَّ عَلَيْهِ رُوحُ الرَّبِّ فَنَزَلَ إِلَى أَشْقَلُونَ وَقَتَلَ مِنْهُمْ ثَلاَثِينَ رَجُلاً، وَأَخَذَ سَلَبَهُمْ وَأَعْطَى الْحُلَلَ لِمُظْهِرِي الأُحْجِيَّةِ. وَحَمِيَ غَضَبُهُ وَصَعِدَ إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِيهِ.19 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.
20 فَصَارَتِ امْرَأَةُ شَمْشُونَ لِصَاحِبِهِ الَّذِي كَانَ يُصَاحِبُهُ.20 But Samson's wife was given to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.
دَبْر
جماعة النحل أو الزنانير.
رِمَّة
ما يلي من العظام. جثة الميت.
أشتارَ
جمع، تناول.
الجافي
الغليظ، القاسي، الصلب.
أَجفى
أقوى، أقسى.