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تفسير Commentary
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

القضاة [17] Judges
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ اسْمُهُ مِيخَا.1 And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah.
2 فَقَالَ لأُمِّهِ: «إِنَّ الأَلْفَ وَالْمِئَةَ شَاقِلِ الْفِضَّةِ الَّتِي أُخِذَتْ مِنْكِ، وَأَنْتِ لَعَنْتِ وَقُلْتِ أَيْضًا فِي أُذُنَيَّ. هُوَذَا الْفِضَّةُ مَعِي. أَنَا أَخَذْتُهَا». فَقَالَتْ أُمُّهُ: «مُبَارَكٌ أَنْتَ مِنَ الرَّبِّ يَا ابْنِي».2 And he said unto his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from thee, about which thou cursedst, and spakest of also in mine ears, behold, the silver is with me; I took it. And his mother said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my son.
3 فَرَدَّ الأَلْفَ وَالْمِئَةَ شَاقِلِ الْفِضَّةِ لأُمِّهِ. فَقَالَتْ أُمُّهُ: «تَقْدِيسًا قَدَّسْتُ الْفِضَّةَ لِلرَّبِّ مِنْ يَدِي لابْنِي لِعَمَلِ تِمْثَال مَنْحُوتٍ وَتِمْثَال مَسْبُوكٍ. فَالآنَ أَرُدُّهَا لَكَ».3 And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto the LORD from my hand for my son, to make a graven image and a molten image: now therefore I will restore it unto thee.
4 فَرَدَّ الْفِضَّةَ لأُمِّهِ، فَأَخَذَتْ أُمُّهُ مِئَتَيْ شَاقِلِ فِضَّةٍ وَأَعْطَتْهَا لِلصَّائِغِ فَعَمِلَهَا تِمْثَالاً مَنْحُوتًا وَتِمْثَالاً مَسْبُوكًا. وَكَانَا فِي بَيْتِ مِيخَا.4 Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image and a molten image: and they were in the house of Micah.
5 وَكَانَ لِلرَّجُلِ مِيخَا بَيْتٌ لِلآلِهَةِ، فَعَمِلَ أَفُودًا وَتَرَافِيمَ وَمَلأَ يَدَ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ بَنِيهِ فَصَارَ لَهُ كَاهِنًا. 5 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.
6 وَفِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَلِكٌ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. كَانَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ يَعْمَلُ مَا يَحْسُنُ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ.6 In those days there was no king in Israel, but every man did that which was right in his own eyes.
7 وَكَانَ غُلاَمٌ مِنْ بَيْتِ لَحْمِ يَهُوذَا مِنْ عَشِيرَةِ يَهُوذَا، وَهُوَ لاَوِيٌّ مُتَغَرِّبٌ هُنَاكَ.7 And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.
8 فَذَهَبَ الرَّجُلُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ مِنْ بَيْتِ لَحْمِ يَهُوذَا لِكَيْ يَتَغَرَّبَ حَيْثُمَا اتَّفَقَ. فَأَتَى إِلَى جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ إِلَى بَيْتِ مِيخَا وَهُوَ آخِذٌ فِي طَرِيقِهِ.8 And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah to sojourn where he could find a place: and he came to mount Ephraim to the house of Micah, as he journeyed.
9 فَقَالَ لَهُ مِيخَا: «مِنْ أَيْنَ أَتَيْتَ؟» فَقَالَ لَهُ: «أَنَا لاَوِيٌّ مِنْ بَيْتِ لَحْمِ يَهُوذَا، وَأَنَا ذَاهِبٌ لِكَيْ أَتَغَرَّبَ حَيْثُمَا اتَّفَقَ».9 And Micah said unto him, Whence comest thou? And he said unto him, I am a Levite of Bethlehemjudah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place.
10 فَقَالَ لَهُ مِيخَا: «أَقِمْ عِنْدِي وَكُنْ لِي أَبًا وَكَاهِنًا، وَأَنَا أُعْطِيكَ عَشَرَةَ شَوَاقِلِ فِضَّةٍ فِي السَّنَةِ، وَحُلَّةَ ثِيَابٍ، وَقُوتَكَ». فَذَهَبَ مَعَهُ اللاَّوِيُّ.10 And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit of apparel, and thy victuals. So the Levite went in.
11 فَرَضِيَ اللاَّوِيُّ بِالإِقَامَةِ مَعَ الرَّجُلِ، وَكَانَ الْغُلاَمُ لَهُ كَأَحَدِ بَنِيهِ.11 And the Levite was content to dwell with the man; and the young man was unto him as one of his sons.
12 فَمَلأَ مِيخَا يَدَ اللاَّوِيِّ، وَكَانَ الْغُلاَمُ لَهُ كَاهِنًا، وَكَانَ فِي بَيْتِ مِيخَا.12 And Micah consecrated the Levite; and the young man became his priest, and was in the house of Micah.
13 فَقَالَ مِيخَا: «الآنَ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ الرَّبَّ يُحْسِنُ إِلَيَّ، لأَنَّهُ صَارَ لِيَ اللاَّوِيُّ كَاهِنًا».13 Then said Micah, Now know I that the LORD will do me good, seeing I have a Levite to my priest.
ترافيم
1-تماثيل صغيرة، أصنام. 2-أداة تستخدم لكشف المستقبل.