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تفسير Commentary
وليم مارش

القضاة [21] Judges
ألإصحاح السابق-Previous Chapter
مدخلإستمع
1 وَرِجَالُ إِسْرَائِيلَ حَلَفُوا فِي الْمِصْفَاةِ قَائِلِينَ: «لاَ يُسَلِّمْ أَحَدٌ مِنَّا ابْنَتَهُ لِبَنْيَامِينَ امْرَأَةً».1 Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.
2 وَجَاءَ الشَّعْبُ إِلَى بَيْتِ إِيلَ وَأَقَامُوا هُنَاكَ إِلَى الْمَسَاءِ أَمَامَ اللهِ، وَرَفَعُوا صَوْتَهُمْ وَبَكَوْا بُكَاءً عَظِيمًا.2 And the people came to the house of God, and abode there till even before God, and lifted up their voices, and wept sore;
3 وَقَالُوا: «لِمَاذَا يَا رَبُّ إِلهَ إِسْرَائِيلَ حَدَثَتْ هذِهِ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، حَتَّى يُفْقَدَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ سِبْطٌ؟»3 And said, O LORD God of Israel, why is this come to pass in Israel, that there should be to day one tribe lacking in Israel?
4 وَفِي الْغَدِ بَكَّرَ الشَّعْبُ وَبَنَوْا هُنَاكَ مَذْبَحًا، وَأَصْعَدُوا مُحْرَقَاتٍ وَذَبَائِحَ سَلاَمَةٍ.4 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the people rose early, and built there an altar, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings.
5 وَقَالَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ: «مَنْ هُوَ الَّذِي لَمْ يَصْعَدْ فِي الْمَجْمَعِ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَسْبَاطِ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الرَّبِّ؟»لأَنَّهُ صَارَ الْحَلْفُ الْعَظِيمُ عَلَى الَّذِي لَمْ يَصْعَدْ إِلَى الرَّبِّ إِلَى الْمِصْفَاةِ قَائِلاً: «يُمَاتُ مَوْتًا».5 And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation unto the LORD? For they had made a great oath concerning him that came not up to the LORD to Mizpeh, saying, He shall surely be put to death.
6 وَنَدِمَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَى بَنْيَامِينَ أَخِيهِمْ وَقَالُوا: «قَدِ انْقَطَعَ الْيَوْمَ سِبْطٌ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ.6 And the children of Israel repented them for Benjamin their brother, and said, There is one tribe cut off from Israel this day.
7 مَاذَا نَعْمَلُ لِلْبَاقِينَ مِنْهُمْ فِي أَمْرِ النِّسَاءِ، وَقَدْ حَلَفْنَا نَحْنُ بِالرَّبِّ أَنْ لاَ نُعْطِيَهُمْ مِنْ بَنَاتِنَا نِسَاءً؟»7 How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have sworn by the LORD that we will not give them of our daughters to wives?
8 وَقَالُوا: «أَيُّ سِبْطٍ مِنْ أَسْبَاطِ إِسْرَائِيلَ لَمْ يَصْعَدْ إِلَى الرَّبِّ إِلَى الْمِصْفَاةِ؟». وَهُوَذَا لَمْ يَأْتِ إِلَى الْمَحَلَّةِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ يَابِيشِ جِلْعَادَ إِلَى الْمَجْمَعِ.8 And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to the LORD? And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabeshgilead to the assembly.
9 فَعُدَّ الشَّعْبُ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ هُنَاكَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ سُكَّانِ يَابِيشِ جِلْعَادَ.9 For the people were numbered, and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead there.
10 فَأَرْسَلَتِ الْجَمَاعَةُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ أَلْفَ رَجُل مِنْ بَنِي الْبَأْسِ، وَأَوْصَوْهُمْ قَائِلِينَ: «اذْهَبُوا وَاضْرِبُوا سُكَّانَ يَابِيشِ جِلْعَادَ بِحَدِّ السَّيْفِ مَعَ النِّسَاءِ وَالأَطْفَالِ.10 And the congregation sent thither twelve thousand men of the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children.
11 وَهذَا مَا تَعْمَلُونَهُ: تُحَرِّمُونَ كُلَّ ذَكَرٍ وَكُلَّ امْرَأَةٍ عَرَفَتِ اضْطِجَاعَ ذَكَرٍ».11 And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.
12 فَوَجَدُوا مِنْ سُكَّانِ يَابِيشِ جِلْعَادَ أَرْبَعَ مِئَةِ فَتَاةٍ عَذَارَى لَمْ يَعْرِفْنَ رَجُلاً بِالاِضْطِجَاعِ مَعَ ذَكَرٍ، وَجَاءُوا بِهِنَّ إِلَى الْمَحَلَّةِ إِلَى شِيلُوهَ الَّتِي فِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ.12 And they found among the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead four hundred young virgins, that had known no man by lying with any male: and they brought them unto the camp to Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan.
13 وَأَرْسَلَتِ الْجَمَاعَةُ كُلُّهَا وَكَلَّمَتْ بَنِي بَنْيَامِينَ الَّذِينَ فِي صَخْرَةِ رِمُّونَ وَاسْتَدْعَتْهُمْ إِلَى الصُّلْحِ.13 And the whole congregation sent some to speak to the children of Benjamin that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them.
14 فَرَجَعَ بَنْيَامِينُ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ، فَأَعْطَوْهُمْ النِّسَاءَ اللَّوَاتِي اسْتَحْيَوْهُنَّ مِنْ نِسَاءِ يَابِيشِ جِلْعَادَ. وَلَمْ يَكْفُوهُمْ هكَذَا.14 And Benjamin came again at that time; and they gave them wives which they had saved alive of the women of Jabeshgilead: and yet so they sufficed them not.
15 وَنَدِمَ الشَّعْبُ مِنْ أَجْلِ بَنْيَامِينَ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ جَعَلَ شَقًّا فِي أَسْبَاطِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.15 And the people repented them for Benjamin, because that the LORD had made a breach in the tribes of Israel.
16 فَقَالَ شُيُوخُ الْجَمَاعَةِ: «مَاذَا نَصْنَعُ بِالْبَاقِينَ فِي أَمْرِ النِّسَاءِ، لأَنَّهُ قَدِ انْقَطَعَتِ النِّسَاءُ مِنْ بَنْيَامِينَ؟»16 Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are destroyed out of Benjamin?
17 وَقَالُوا: «مِيرَاثُ نَجَاةٍ لِبَنْيَامِينَ، وَلاَ يُمْحَى سِبْطٌ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ.17 And they said, There must be an inheritance for them that be escaped of Benjamin, that a tribe be not destroyed out of Israel.
18 وَنَحْنُ لاَ نَقْدِرُ أَنْ نُعْطِيَهُمْ نِسَاءً مِنْ بَنَاتِنَا، لأَنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ حَلَفُوا قَائِلِينَ: مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ أَعْطَى امْرَأَةً لِبَنْيَامِينَ».18 Howbeit we may not give them wives of our daughters: for the children of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that giveth a wife to Benjamin.
19 ثُمَّ قَالُوا: «هُوَذَا عِيدُ الرَّبِّ فِي شِيلُوهَ مِنْ سَنَةٍ إِلَى سَنَةٍ شِمَالِيَّ بَيْتِ إِيلَ، شَرْقِيَّ الطَّرِيقِ الصَّاعِدَةِ مِنْ بَيْتِ إِيلَ إِلَى شَكِيمَ وَجَنُوبِيَّ لَبُونَةَ».19 Then they said, Behold, there is a feast of the LORD in Shiloh yearly in a place which is on the north side of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goeth up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.
20 وَأَوْصَوْا بَنِي بَنْيَامِينَ قَائِلِينَ: «امْضُوا وَاكْمِنُوا فِي الْكُرُومِ.20 Therefore they commanded the children of Benjamin, saying, Go and lie in wait in the vineyards;
21 وَانْظُرُوا. فَإِذَا خَرَجَتْ بَنَاتُ شِيلُوهَ لِيَدُرْنَ فِي الرَّقْصِ، فَاخْرُجُوا أَنْتُمْ مِنَ الْكُرُومِ وَاخْطِفُوا لأَنْفُسِكُمْ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ امْرَأَتَهُ مِنْ بَنَاتِ شِيلُوهَ، وَاذْهَبُوا إِلَى أَرْضِ بَنْيَامِينَ.21 And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.
22 فَإِذَا جَاءَ آبَاؤُهُنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَتُهُنَّ لِكَيْ يَشْكُوا إِلَيْنَا، نَقُولُ لَهُمْ: تَرَاءَفُوا عَلَيْهِمْ لأَجْلِنَا، لأَنَّنَا لَمْ نَأْخُذْ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ امْرَأَتَهُ فِي الْحَرْبِ، لأَنَّكُمْ أَنْتُمْ لَمْ تُعْطُوهُمْ فِي الْوَقْتِ حَتَّى تَكُونُوا قَدْ أَثِمْتُمْ».22 And it shall be, when their fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, that we will say unto them, Be favorable unto them for our sakes: because we reserved not to each man his wife in the war: for ye did not give unto them at this time, that ye should be guilty.
23 فَفَعَلَ هكَذَا بَنُو بَنْيَامِينَ، وَاتَّخَذُوا نِسَاءً حَسَبَ عَدَدِهِمْ مِنَ الرَّاقِصَاتِ اللَّوَاتِي اخْتَطَفُوهُنَّ، وَذَهَبُوا وَرَجَعُوا إِلَى مُلْكِهِمْ وَبَنَوْا الْمُدُنَ وَسَكَنُوا بِهَا.23 And the children of Benjamin did so, and took them wives, according to their number, of them that danced, whom they caught: and they went and returned unto their inheritance, and repaired the cities, and dwelt in them.
24 فَسَارَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى سِبْطِهِ وَعَشِيرَتِهِ، وَخَرَجُوا مِنْ هُنَاكَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى مُلْكِهِ.24 And the children of Israel departed thence at that time, every man to his tribe and to his family, and they went out from thence every man to his inheritance.
25 فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَلِكٌ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَمِلَ مَا حَسُنَ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ.25 In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.