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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

القضاة [3] Judges
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Chapter Summary
1 فَهؤُلاَءِ هُمُ الأُمَمُ الَّذِينَ تَرَكَهُمُ الرَّبُّ لِيَمْتَحِنَ بِهِمْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، كُلَّ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا جَمِيعَ حُرُوبِ كَنْعَانَ1 Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;
2 إِنَّمَا لِمَعْرِفَةِ أَجْيَالِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لِتَعْلِيمِهِمْ الْحَرْبَ. الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوهَا قَبْلُ فَقَطْ:2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;
3 أَقْطَابُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ الْخَمْسَةُ، وَجَمِيعُ الْكَنْعَانِيِّينَ وَالصِّيْدُونِيِّينَ وَالْحِوِّيِّينَ سُكَّانِ جَبَلِ لُبْنَانَ، مِنْ جَبَلِ بَعْلِ حَرْمُونَ إِلَى مَدْخَلِ حَمَاةَ.3 Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
4 كَانُوا لامْتِحَانِ إِسْرَائِيلَ بِهِمْ، لِكَيْ يُعْلَمَ هَلْ يَسْمَعُونَ وَصَايَا الرَّبِّ الَّتِي أَوْصَى بِهَا آبَاءَهُمْ عَنْ يَدِ مُوسَى.4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.
5 فَسَكَنَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي وَسَطِ الْكَنْعَانِيِّينَ وَالْحِثِّيِّينَ وَالأَمُورِيِّينَ وَالْفِرِزِّيِّينَ وَالْحِوِّيِّينَ وَالْيَبُوسِيِّينَ،5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:
6 وَاتَّخَذُوا بَنَاتِهِمْ لأَنْفُسِهِمْ نِسَاءً، وَأَعْطُوا بَنَاتِهِمْ لِبَنِيهِمْ وَعَبَدُوا آلِهَتَهُمْ.6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
7 فَعَمِلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ الشَّرَّ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ، وَنَسُوا الرَّبَّ إِلهَهُمْ وَعَبَدُوا الْبَعْلِيمَ وَالسَّوَارِيَ. 7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
8 فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ الرَّبِّ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَبَاعَهُمْ بِيَدِ كُوشَانَ رِشَعْتَايِمَ مَلِكِ أَرَامِ النَّهْرَيْنِ. فَعَبَدَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ كُوشَانَ رِشَعْتَايِمَ ثَمَانِيَ سِنِينَ. 8 Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.
9 وَصَرَخَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، فَأَقَامَ الرَّبُّ مُخَلِّصًا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَخَلَّصَهُمْ، عُثْنِيئِيلَ بْنَ قَنَازَ أَخَا كَالِبَ الأَصْغَرَ.9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.
10 فَكَانَ عَلَيْهِ رُوحُ الرَّبِّ، وَقَضَى لإِسْرَائِيلَ. وَخَرَجَ لِلْحَرْبِ فَدَفَعَ الرَّبُّ لِيَدِهِ كُوشَانَ رِشَعْتَايِمَ مَلِكَ أَرَامَ، وَاعْتَزَّتْ يَدُهُ عَلَى كُوشَانِ رِشَعْتَايِمَ.10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
11 وَاسْتَرَاحَتِ الأَرْضُ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً. وَمَاتَ عُثْنِيئِيلُ بْنُ قَنَازَ.11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
12 وَعَادَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ يَعْمَلُونَ الشَّرَّ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ، فَشَدَّدَ الرَّبُّ عِجْلُونَ مَلِكَ مُوآبَ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، لأَنَّهُمْ عَمِلُوا الشَّرَّ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ.12 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.
13 فَجَمَعَ إِلَيْهِ بَنِي عَمُّونَ وَعَمَالِيقَ، وَسَارَ وَضَرَبَ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَامْتَلَكُوا مَدِينَةَ النَّخْلِ.13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.
14 فَعَبَدَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ عِجْلُونَ مَلِكَ مُوآبَ ثَمَانِيَ عَشْرَةَ سَنَةً.14 So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
15 وَصَرَخَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، فَأَقَامَ لَهُمُ الرَّبُّ مُخَلِّصًا إِهُودَ بْنَ جِيرَا الْبَنْيَامِينِيَّ، رَجُلاً أَعْسَرَ. فَأَرْسَلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ بِيَدِهِ هَدِيَّةً لِعِجْلُونَ مَلِكِ مُوآبَ. 15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.
16 فَعَمِلَ إِهُودُ لِنَفْسِهِ سَيْفًا، ذَا حَدَّيْنِ طُولُهُ ذِرَاعٌ، وَتَقَلَّدَهُ تَحْتَ ثِيَابِهِ عَلَى فَخْذِهِ الْيُمْنَى.16 But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.
17 وَقَدَمَّ الْهَدِيَّةَ لِعِجْلُونَ مَلِكِ مُوآبَ. وَكَانَ عِجْلُونُ رَجُلاً سَمِينًا جِدًّا.17 And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man.
18 وَكَانَ لَمَّا انْتَهَى مِنْ تَقْدِيمِ الْهَدِيَّةِ، صَرَفَ الْقَوْمَ حَامِلِي الْهَدِيَّةِ،18 And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present.
19 وَأَمَّا هُوَ فَرَجَعَ مِنْ عِنْدِ الْمَنْحُوتَاتِ الَّتِي لَدَى الْجِلْجَالِ وَقَالَ: «لِي كَلاَمُ سِرّ إِلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ». فَقَالَ: «صَهْ». وَخَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ جَمِيعُ الْوَاقِفِينَ لَدَيْهِ. 19 But he himself turned again from the quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him.
20 فَدَخَلَ إِلَيْهِ إِهُودُ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ فِي عُلِّيَّةِ بُرُودٍ كَانَتْ لَهُ وَحْدَهُ. وَقَالَ إِهُودُ: «عِنْدِي كَلاَمُ اللهِ إِلَيْكَ». فَقَامَ عَنِ الْكُرْسِيِّ. 20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlor, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of his seat.
21 فَمَدَّ إِهُودُ يَدَهُ الْيُسْرَى وَأَخَذَ السَّيْفَ عَنْ فَخْذِهِ الْيُمْنَى وَضَرَبَهُ فِي بَطْنِهِ.21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly:
22 فَدَخَلَ الْقَائِمُ أَيْضًا وَرَاءَ النَّصْلِ، وَطَبَقَ الشَّحْمُ وَرَاءَ النَّصْلِ لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَجْذُبِ السَّيْفَ مِنْ بَطْنِهِ. وَخَرَجَ مِنَ الْحِتَارِ. 22 And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.
23 فَخَرَجَ إِهُودُ مِنَ الرِّوَاقِ وَأَغْلَقَ أَبْوَابَ الْعِلِّيَّةِ وَرَاءَهُ وَأَقْفَلَهَا. 23 Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlor upon him, and locked them.
24 وَلَمَّا خَرَجَ، جَاءَ عَبِيدُهُ وَنَظَرُوا وَإِذَا أَبْوَابُ الْعِلِّيَّةِ مُقْفَلَةٌ، فَقَالُوا: «إِنَّهُ مُغَطّ رِجْلَيْهِ فِي مُخْدَعِ الْبُرُودِ».24 When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlor were locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber.
25 فَلَبِثُوا حَتَّى خَجِلُوا وَإِذَا هُوَ لاَ يَفْتَحُ أَبْوَابَ الْعِلِّيَّةِ. فَأَخَذُوا الْمِفْتَاحَ وَفَتَحُوا وَإِذَا سَيِّدُهُمْ سَاقِطٌ عَلَى الأَرْضِ مَيْتًا.25 And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlor; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth.
26 وَأَمَّا إِهُودُ فَنَجَا، إِذْ هُمْ مَبْهُوتُونَ، وَعَبَرَ الْمَنْحُوتَاتِ وَنَجَا إِلَى سِعِيرَةَ.26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath.
27 وَكَانَ عِنْدَ مَجِيئِهِ أَنَّهُ ضَرَبَ بِالْبُوقِ فِي جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ، فَنَزَلَ مَعْهُ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنِ الْجَبَلِ وَهُوَ قُدَّامَهُمْ.27 And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.
28 وَقَالَ لَهُمُ: «اتْبَعُونِي لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَدْ دَفَعَ أَعْدَاءَكُمُ الْمُوآبِيِّينَ لِيَدِكُمْ». فَنَزَلُوا وَرَاءَهُ وَأَخَذُوا مَخَاوِضَ الأُرْدُنِّ إِلَى مُوآبَ، وَلَمْ يَدَعُوا أَحَدًا يَعْبُرُ.28 And he said unto them, Follow after me: for the LORD hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.
29 فَضَرَبُوا مِنْ مُوآبَ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ نَحْوَ عَشَرَةِ آلاَفِ رَجُل، كُلَّ نَشِيطٍ، وَكُلَّ ذِي بَأْسٍ، وَلَمْ يَنْجُ أَحَدٌ.29 And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valor; and there escaped not a man.
30 فَذَلَّ الْمُوآبِيُّونَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ تَحْتَ يَدِ إِسْرَائِيلَ. وَاسْتَرَاحَتِ الأَرْضُ ثَمَانِينَ سَنَةً.30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.
31 وَكَانَ بَعْدَهُ شَمْجَرُ بْنُ عَنَاةَ، فَضَرَبَ مِنَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ سِتَّ مِئَةِ رَجُل بِمِنْسَاسِ الْبَقَرِ. وَهُوَ أَيْضًا خَلَّصَ إِسْرَائِيلَ.31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.
بعليم
إله وثني كنعاني، صيغة جمع لبعل في اللغة العبرانية.
عَبَد
خَدَم كعبد (عندما لا تعني العبادة).
أعْسر
من يستخدم يده اليسرى.
صَه
اسْكُت.
بُرود
باردة. غرفة صيفية.
حِتار
أست، مخرج، باب البدن. وقد تعني أيضاً: خرج الحتار أي الطعام أو الفرث من بطنه أي من مكان دخول النصل.
قائم
مقبض السيف.
رِواق
مدخل المبنى المسقوف على أعمدة.