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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

القضاة [4] Judges
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Chapter Summary
1 وَعَادَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ يَعْمَلُونَ الشَّرَّ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ بَعْدَ مَوْتِ إِهُودَ،1 And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, when Ehud was dead.
2 فَبَاعَهُمُ الرَّبُّ بِيَدِ يَابِينَ مَلِكِ كَنْعَانَ الَّذِي مَلَكَ فِي حَاصُورَ. وَرَئِيسُ جَيْشِهِ سِيسَرَا، وَهُوَ سَاكِنٌ فِي حَرُوشَةِ الأُمَمِ.2 And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.
3 فَصَرَخَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ لَهُ تِسْعُ مِئَةِ مَرْكَبَةٍ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ، وَهُوَ ضَايَقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ بِشِدَّةٍ، عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً.3 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.
4 وَدَبُورَةُ امْرَأَةٌ نَبِيَّةٌ زَوْجَةُ لَفِيدُوتَ، هِيَ قَاضِيَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ.4 And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.
5 وَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ تَحْتَ نَخْلَةِ دَبُورَةَ بَيْنَ الرَّامَةِ وَبَيْتِ إِيلَ فِي جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ. وَكَانَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ يَصْعَدُونَ إِلَيْهَا لِلْقَضَاءِ.5 And she dwelt under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in mount Ephraim: and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment.
6 فَأَرْسَلَتْ وَدَعَتْ بَارَاقَ بْنَ أَبِينُوعَمَ مِنْ قَادَشِ نَفْتَالِي، وَقَالَتْ لَهُ: «أَلَمْ يَأْمُرِ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: اِذْهَبْ وَازْحَفْ إِلَى جَبَلِ تَابُورَ، وَخُذْ مَعَكَ عَشْرَةَ آلاَفِ رَجُل مِنْ بَنِي نَفْتَالِي وَمِنْ بَنِي زَبُولُونَ،6 And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?
7 فَأَجْذُبَ إِلَيْكَ، إِلَى نَهْرِ قِيشُونَ سِيسَرَا رَئِيسَ جَيْشِ يَابِينَ بِمَرْكَبَاتِهِ وَجُمْهُورِهِ وَأَدْفَعَهُ لِيَدِكَ؟»7 And I will draw unto thee to the river Kishon Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand.
8 فَقَالَ لَهَا بَارَاقُ: «إِنْ ذَهَبْتِ مَعِي أَذْهَبْ، وَإِنْ لَمْ تَذْهَبِي مَعِي فَلاَ أَذْهَبُ».8 And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go: but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go.
9 فَقَالَتْ: «إِنِّي أَذْهَبُ مَعَكَ، غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَكُونُ لَكَ فَخْرٌ فِي الطَّرِيقِ الَّتِي أَنْتَ سَائِرٌ فِيهَا. لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ يَبِيعُ سِيسَرَا بِيَدِ امْرَأَةٍ». فَقَامَتْ دَبُورَةُ وَذَهَبَتْ مَعَ بَارَاقَ إِلَى قَادَشَ.9 And she said, I will surely go with thee: notwithstanding the journey that thou takest shall not be for thine honor; for the LORD shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh.
10 وَدَعَا بَارَاقُ زَبُولُونَ وَنَفْتَالِيَ إِلَى قَادَشَ، وَصَعِدَ وَمَعَهُ عَشَرَةُ آلاَفِ رَجُل. وَصَعِدَتْ دَبُورَةُ مَعَهُ.10 And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.
11 وَحَابِرُ الْقَيْنِيُّ انْفَرَدَ مِنْ قَايِنَ، مِنْ بَنِي حُوبَابَ حَمِي مُوسَى، وَخَيَّمَ حَتَّى إِلَى بَلُّوطَةٍ فِي صَعَنَايِمَ الَّتِي عِنْدَ قَادَشَ.11 Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.
12 وَأَخْبَرُوا سِيسَرَا بِأَنَّهُ قَدْ صَعِدَ بَارَاقُ بْنُ أَبِينُوعَمَ إِلَى جَبَلِ تَابُورَ.12 And they showed Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor.
13 فَدَعَا سِيسَرَا جَمِيعَ مَرْكَبَاتِهِ، تِسْعَ مِئَةِ مَرْكَبَةٍ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ، وَجَمِيعَ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي مَعَهُ مِنْ حَرُوشَةِ الأُمَمِ إِلَى نَهْرِ قِيشُونَ.13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.
14 فَقَالَتْ دَبُورَةُ لِبَارَاقَ: «قُمْ، لأَنَّ هذَا هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي دَفَعَ فِيهِ الرَّبُّ سِيسَرَا لِيَدِكَ. أَلَمْ يَخْرُجِ الرَّبُّ قُدَّامَكَ؟» فَنَزَلَ بَارَاقُ مِنْ جَبَلِ تَابُورَ وَوَرَاءَهُ عَشْرَةُ آلاَفِ رَجُل.14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.
15 فَأَزْعَجَ الرَّبُّ سِيسَرَا وَكُلَّ الْمَرْكَبَاتِ وَكُلَّ الْجَيْشِ بِحَدِّ السَّيْفِ أَمَامَ بَارَاقَ. فَنَزَلَ سِيسَرَا عَنِ الْمَرْكَبَةِ وَهَرَبَ عَلَى رِجْلَيْهِ.15 And the LORD discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet.
16 وَتَبعَ بَارَاقُ الْمَرْكَبَاتِ وَالْجَيْشَ إِلَى حَرُوشَةِ الأُمَمِ. وَسَقَطَ كُلُّ جَيْشِ سِيسَرَا بِحَدِّ السَّيْفِ. لَمْ يَبْقَ وَلاَ وَاحِدٌ.16 But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left.
17 وَأَمَّا سِيسَرَا فَهَرَبَ عَلَى رِجْلَيْهِ إِلَى خَيْمَةِ يَاعِيلَ امْرَأَةِ حَابِرَ الْقَيْنِيِّ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ صُلْحٌ بَيْنَ يَابِينَ مَلِكِ حَاصُورَ وَبَيْتِ حَابِرَ الْقَيْنِيِّ.17 Howbeit Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite.
18 فَخَرَجَتْ يَاعِيلُ لاسْتِقْبَالِ سِيسَرَا وَقَالَتْ لَهُ: «مِلْ يَا سَيِّدِي، مِلْ إِلَيَّ. لاَ تَخَفْ». فَمَالَ إِلَيْهَا إِلَى الْخَيْمَةِ وَغَطَّتْهُ بِاللِّحَافِ.18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not. And when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a mantle.
19 فَقَالَ لَهَا: «اسْقِينِي قَلِيلَ مَاءٍ لأَنِّي قَدْ عَطِشْتُ». فَفَتَحَتْ وَطَبَ اللَّبَنِ وَأَسْقَتْهُ ثُمَّ غَطَّتْهُ. 19 And he said unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty. And she opened a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, and covered him.
20 فَقَالَ لَهَا: «قِفِي بِبَابِ الْخَيْمَةِ، وَيَكُونُ إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدٌ وَسَأَلَكِ: أَهُنَا رَجُلٌ؟ أَنَّكِ تَقُولِينَ لاَ».20 Again he said unto her, Stand in the door of the tent, and it shall be, when any man doth come and inquire of thee, and say, Is there any man here? that thou shalt say, No.
21 فَأَخَذَتْ يَاعِيلُ امْرَأَةُ حَابِرَ وَتَدَ الْخَيْمَةِ وَجَعَلَتِ الْمِيتَدَةَ فِي يَدِهَا، وَقَارَتْ إِلَيْهِ وَضَرَبَتِ الْوَتَدَ فِي صُدْغِهِ فَنَفَذَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، وَهُوَ مُتَثَقِّلٌ فِي النَّوْمِ وَمُتْعَبٌ، فَمَاتَ. 21 Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of the tent, and took an hammer in her hand, and went softly unto him, and smote the nail into his temples, and fastened it into the ground: for he was fast asleep and weary. So he died.
22 وَإِذَا بِبَارَاقَ يُطَارِدُ سِيسَرَا، فَخَرَجَتْ يَاعِيلُ لاسْتِقْبَالِهِ وَقَالَتْ لَهُ: «تَعَالَ فَأُرِيَكَ الرَّجُلَ الَّذِي أَنْتَ طَالِبُهُ». فَجَاءَ إِلَيْهَا وَإِذَا سِيسَرَا سَاقِطٌ مَيْتًا وَالْوَتَدُ فِي صُدْغِهِ.22 And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I will show thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples.
23 فَأَذَلَّ اللهُ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ يَابِينَ مَلِكَ كَنْعَانَ أَمَامَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.23 So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel.
24 وَأَخَذَتْ يَدُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تَتَزَايَدُ وَتَقْسُو عَلَى يَابِينَ مَلِكِ كَنْعَانَ حَتَّى قَرَضُوا يَابِينَ مَلِكَ كَنْعَانَ.24 And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.
وَطَب
قُربة، وعاء من جلد.
صُدْع
ما بين العين والأذن.
قارت
مشت على أطراف قدميها لئلا تُحدث صوتاً.
مِيتْدة
أداة من خشب أو حديد يُدَق بها وتد الخيمة.