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تفسير Commentary
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الأول [21] 1Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 فَجَاءَ دَاوُدُ إِلَى نُوبٍ إِلَى أَخِيمَالِكَ الْكَاهِنِ، فَاضْطَرَبَ أَخِيمَالِكُ عِنْدَ لِقَاءِ دَاوُدَ وَقَالَ لَهُ: «لِمَاذَا أَنْتَ وَحْدَكَ وَلَيْسَ مَعَكَ أَحَدٌ؟».1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?
2 فَقَالَ دَاوُدُ لأَخِيمَالِكَ الْكَاهِنِ: «إِنَّ الْمَلِكَ أَمَرَنِي بِشَيْءٍ وَقَالَ لِي: لاَ يَعْلَمْ أَحَدٌ شَيْئًا مِنَ الأَمْرِ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتُكَ فِيهِ وَأَمَرْتُكَ بِهِ، وَأَمَّا الْغِلْمَانُ فَقَدْ عَيَّنْتُ لَهُمُ الْمَوْضِعَ الْفُلاَنِيَّ وَالْفُلاَنِيَّ.2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
3 وَالآنَ فَمَاذَا يُوجَدُ تَحْتَ يَدِكَ؟ أَعْطِ خَمْسَ خُبْزَاتٍ فِي يَدِي أَوِ الْمَوْجُودَ».3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.
4 فَأَجَابَ الْكَاهِنُ دَاوُدَ وَقَالَ: «لاَ يُوجَدُ خُبْزٌ مُحَلَّلٌ تَحْتَ يَدِي، وَلكِنْ يُوجَدُ خُبْزٌ مُقَدَّسٌ إِذَا كَانَ الْغِلْمَانُ قَدْ حَفِظُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ لاَ سِيَّمَا مِنَ النِّسَاءِ».4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.
5 فَأَجَابَ دَاوُدُ الْكَاهِنَ وَقَالَ لَهُ: «إِنَّ النِّسَاءَ قَدْ مُنِعَتْ عَنَّا مُنْذُ أَمْسِ وَمَا قَبْلَهُ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِي، وَأَمْتِعَةُ الْغِلْمَانِ مُقَدَّسَةٌ. وَهُوَ عَلَى نَوْعٍ مُحَلَّلٌ، وَالْيَوْمَ أَيْضًا يَتَقَدَّسُ بِالآنِيَةِ».5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
6 فَأَعْطَاهُ الْكَاهِنُ الْمُقَدَّسَ، لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ هُنَاكَ خُبْزٌ إِلاَّ خُبْزَ الْوُجُوهِ الْمَرْفُوعَ مِنْ أَمَامِ الرَّبِّ لِكَيْ يُوضَعَ خُبْزٌ سُخْنٌ فِي يَوْمِ أَخْذِهِ.6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the showbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.
7 وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ عَبِيدِ شَاوُلَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ مَحْصُورًا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، اسْمُهُ دُوَاغُ الأَدُومِيُّ رَئِيسُ رُعَاةِ شَاوُلَ.7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.
8 وَقَالَ دَاوُدُ لأَخِيمَالِكَ: «أَفَمَا يُوجَدُ هُنَا تَحْتَ يَدِكَ رُمْحٌ أَوْ سَيْفٌ، لأَنِّي لَمْ آخُذْ بِيَدِي سَيْفِي وَلاَ سِلاَحِي لأَنَّ أَمْرَ الْمَلِكِ كَانَ مُعَجِّلاً؟».8 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.
9 فَقَالَ الْكَاهِنُ: «إِنَّ سَيْفَ جُلْيَاتَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّ الَّذِي قَتَلْتَهُ فِي وَادِي الْبُطْمِ، هَا هُوَ مَلْفُوفٌ فِي ثَوْبٍ خَلْفَ الأَفُودِ، فَإِنْ شِئْتَ أَنْ تَأْخُذَهُ فَخُذْهُ، لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ آخَرُ سِوَاهُ هُنَا». فَقَالَ دَاوُدُ: «لاَ يُوجَدُ مِثْلُهُ، أَعْطِنِي إِيَّاهُ».9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me.
10 وَقَامَ دَاوُدُ وَهَرَبَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ مِنْ أَمَامِ شَاوُلَ وَجَاءَ إِلَى أَخِيشَ مَلِكِ جَتَّ.10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
11 فَقَالَ عَبِيدُ أَخِيشَ لَهُ: «أَلَيْسَ هذَا دَاوُدَ مَلِكَ الأَرْضِ؟ أَلَيْسَ لِهذَا كُنَّ يُغَنِّينَ فِي الرَّقْصِ قَائِلاَتٍ: ضَرَبَ شَاوُلُ أُلُوفَهُ وَدَاوُدُ رِبْوَاتِهِ؟».11 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
12 فَوَضَعَ دَاوُدُ هذَا الْكَلاَمَ فِي قَلْبِهِ وَخَافَ جِدًّا مِنْ أَخِيشَ مَلِكِ جَتَّ.12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
13 فَغَيَّرَ عَقْلَهُ فِي أَعْيُنِهِمْ، وَتَظَاهَرَ بِالْجُنُونِ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ، وَأَخَذَ يُخَرْبِشُ عَلَى مَصَارِيعِ الْبَابِ وَيُسِيلُ رِيقَهُ عَلَى لِحْيَتِهِ. 13 And he changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard.
14 فَقَالَ أَخِيشُ لِعَبِيدِهِ: «هُوَذَا تَرَوْنَ الرَّجُلَ مَجْنُونًا، فَلِمَاذَا تَأْتُونَ بِهِ إِلَيَّ؟14 Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?
15 أَلَعَلِّي مُحْتَاجٌ إِلَى مَجَانِينَ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُمْ بِهذَا لِيَتَجَنَّنَ عَلَيَّ؟ أَهذَا يَدْخُلُ بَيْتِي؟».15 Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this fellow to play the mad man in my presence? shall this fellow come into my house?
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يكتب كتابة غير مفهومة.