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تفسير Commentary
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الأول [4] 1Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ كَلاَمُ صَمُوئِيلَ إِلَى جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ. وَخَرَجَ إِسْرَائِيلُ لِلِقَاءِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ لِلْحَرْبِ، وَنَزَلُوا عِنْدَ حَجَرِ الْمَعُونَةِ، وَأَمَّا الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ فَنَزَلُوا فِي أَفِيقَ.1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.
2 وَاصْطَفَّ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ لِلِقَاءِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَاشْتَبَكَتِ الْحَرْبُ فَانْكَسَرَ إِسْرَائِيلُ أَمَامَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ، وَضَرَبُوا مِنَ الصَّفِّ فِي الْحَقْلِ نَحْوَ أَرْبَعَةِ آلاَفِ رَجُل.2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men.
3 فَجَاءَ الشَّعْبُ إِلَى الْمَحَلَّةِ. وَقَالَ شُيُوخُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: «لِمَاذَا كَسَّرَنَا الْيَوْمَ الرَّبُّ أَمَامَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ؟ لِنَأْخُذْ لأَنْفُسِنَا مِنْ شِيلُوهَ تَابُوتَ عَهْدِ الرَّبِّ فَيَدْخُلَ فِي وَسَطِنَا وَيُخَلِّصَنَا مِنْ يَدِ أَعْدَائِنَا».3 And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to day before the Philistines? Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
4 فَأَرْسَلَ الشَّعْبُ إِلَى شِيلُوهَ وَحَمَلُوا مِنْ هُنَاكَ تَابُوتَ عَهْدِ رَبِّ الْجُنُودِ الْجَالِسِ عَلَى الْكَرُوبِيمِ. وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ ابْنَا عَالِي حُفْنِي وَفِينَحَاسُ مَعَ تَابُوتِ عَهْدِ اللهِ.4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubim: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.
5 وَكَانَ عِنْدَ دُخُولِ تَابُوتِ عَهْدِ الرَّبِّ إِلَى الْمَحَلَّةِ أَنَّ جَمِيعَ إِسْرَائِيلَ هَتَفُوا هُتَافًا عَظِيمًا حَتَّى ارْتَجَّتِ الأَرْضُ.5 And when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again.
6 فَسَمِعَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ صَوْتَ الْهُتَافِ فَقَالُوا: «مَا هُوَ صَوْتُ هذَا الْهُتَافِ الْعَظِيمِ فِي مَحَلَّةِ الْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ؟» وَعَلِمُوا أَنَّ تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ جَاءَ إِلَى الْمَحَلَّةِ.6 And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews? And they understood that the ark of the LORD was come into the camp.
7 فَخَافَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ لأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا: «قَدْ جَاءَ اللهُ إِلَى الْمَحَلَّةِ». وَقَالُوا: «وَيْلٌ لَنَا لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِثْلُ هذَا مُنْذُ أَمْسِ وَلاَ مَا قَبْلَهُ!7 And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, God is come into the camp. And they said, Woe unto us! for there hath not been such a thing heretofore.
8 وَيْلٌ لَنَا! مَنْ يُنْقِذُنَا مِنْ يَدِ هؤُلاَءِ الآلِهَةِ الْقَادِرِينَ؟ هؤُلاَءِ هُمُ الآلِهَةُ الَّذِينَ ضَرَبُوا مِصْرَ بِجَمِيعِ الضَّرَبَاتِ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ.8 Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods? these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness.
9 تَشَدَّدُوا وَكُونُوا رِجَالاً أَيُّهَا الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ لِئَلاَّ تُسْتَعْبَدُوا لِلْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ كَمَا اسْتُعْبِدُوا هُمْ لَكُمْ. فَكُونُوا رِجَالاً وَحَارِبُوا».9 Be strong and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines, that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you: quit yourselves like men, and fight.
10 فَحَارَبَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ، وَانْكَسَرَ إِسْرَائِيلُ وَهَرَبُوا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى خَيْمَتِهِ. وَكَانَتِ الضَّرْبَةُ عَظِيمَةً جِدًّا، وَسَقَطَ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ ثَلاَثُونَ أَلْفَ رَاجِل.10 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
11 وَأُخِذَ تَابُوتُ اللهِ، وَمَاتَ ابْنَا عَالِي حُفْنِي وَفِينَحَاسُ.11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
12 فَرَكَضَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنْيَامِينَ مِنَ الصَّفِّ وَجَاءَ إِلَى شِيلُوهَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَثِيَابُهُ مُمَزَّقَةٌ وَتُرَابٌ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ.12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head.
13 وَلَمَّا جَاءَ، فَإِذَا عَالِي جَالِسٌ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ بِجَانِبِ الطَّرِيقِ يُرَاقِبُ، لأَنَّ قَلْبَهُ كَانَ مُضْطَرِبًا لأَجْلِ تَابُوتِ اللهِ. وَلَمَّا جَاءَ الرَّجُلُ لِيُخْبِرَ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ صَرَخَتِ الْمَدِينَةُ كُلُّهَا.13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out.
14 فَسَمِعَ عَالِي صَوْتَ الصُّرَاخِ فَقَالَ: «مَا هُوَ صَوْتُ الضَّجِيجِ هذَا؟» فَأَسْرَعَ الرَّجُلُ وَأَخْبَرَ عَالِيَ.14 And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What meaneth the noise of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and told Eli.
15 وَكَانَ عَالِي ابْنَ ثَمَانٍ وَتِسْعِينَ سَنَةً، وَقَامَتْ عَيْنَاهُ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ أَنْ يُبْصِرَ.15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were dim, that he could not see.
16 فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ لِعَالِي: «أَنَا جِئْتُ مِنَ الصَّفِّ، وَأَنَا هَرَبْتُ الْيَوْمَ مِنَ الصَّفِّ». فَقَالَ: «كَيْفَ كَانَ الأَمْرُ يَا ابْنِي؟»16 And the man said unto Eli, I am he that came out of the army, and I fled to day out of the army. And he said, What is there done, my son?
17 فَأَجَابَ الْمُخَبِّرُ وَقَالَ: «هَرَبَ إِسْرَائِيلُ أَمَامَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ وَكَانَتْ أَيْضًا كَسْرَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ فِي الشَّعْبِ، وَمَاتَ أَيْضًا ابْنَاكَ حُفْنِي وَفِينَحَاسُ، وَأُخِذَ تَابُوتُ اللهِ».17 And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.
18 وَكَانَ لَمَّا ذَكَرَ تَابُوتَ اللهِ، أَنَّهُ سَقَطَ عَنِ الْكُرْسِيِّ إِلَى الْوَرَاءِ إِلَى جَانِبِ الْبَابِ، فَانْكَسَرَتْ رَقَبَتُهُ وَمَاتَ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ رَجُلاً شَيْخًا وَثَقِيلاً. وَقَدْ قَضَى لإِسْرَائِيلَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً.18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years.
19 وَكَنَّتُهُ امْرَأَةُ فِينَحَاسَ كَانَتْ حُبْلَى تَكَادُ تَلِدُ. فَلَمَّا سَمِعَتْ خَبَرَ أَخْذِ تَابُوتِ اللهِ وَمَوْتَ حَمِيهَا وَرَجُلِهَا، رَكَعَتْ وَوَلَدَتْ، لأَنَّ مَخَاضَهَا انْقَلَبَ عَلَيْهَا. 19 And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her.
20 وَعِنْدَ احْتِضَارِهَا قَالَتْ لَهَا الْوَاقِفَاتُ عِنْدَهَا: «لاَ تَخَافِي لأَنَّكِ قَدْ وَلَدْتِ ابْنًا». فَلَمْ تُجِبْ وَلَمْ يُبَالِ قَلْبُهَا.20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she answered not, neither did she regard it.
21 فَدَعَتِ الصَّبِيَّ «إِيخَابُودَ» قَائِلَةً: «قَدْ زَالَ الْمَجْدُ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ». لأَنَّ تَابُوتَ اللهِ قَدْ أُخِذَ وَلأَجْلِ حَمِيهَا وَرَجُلِهَا.21 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.
22 فَقَالَتْ: «زَالَ الْمَجْدُ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ لأَنَّ تَابُوتَ اللهِ قَدْ أُخِذَ».22 And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken.
مخاض
ألام الولادة.