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تفسير Commentary
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الأول [6] 1Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ تَابُوتُ اللهِ فِي بِلاَدِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ سَبْعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ.1 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months.
2 فَدَعَا الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ الْكَهَنَةَ وَالْعَرَّافِينَ قَائِلِينَ: «مَاذَا نَعْمَلُ بِتَابُوتِ الرَّبِّ؟ أَخْبِرُونَا بِمَاذَا نُرْسِلُهُ إِلَى مَكَانِهِ».2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the LORD? tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place.
3 فَقَالُوا: «إِذَا أَرْسَلْتُمْ تَابُوتَ إِلهِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَلاَ تُرْسِلُوهُ فَارِغًا، بَلْ رُدُّوا لَهُ قُرْبَانَ إِثْمٍ. حِينَئِذٍ تَشْفَوْنَ وَيُعْلَمُ عِنْدَكُمْ لِمَاذَا لاَ تَرْتَفِعُ يَدُهُ عَنْكُمْ».3 And they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty; but in any wise return him a trespass offering: then ye shall be healed, and it shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from you.
4 فَقَالُوا: «وَمَا هُوَ قُرْبَانُ الإِثْمِ الَّذِي نَرُدُّهُ لَهُ؟» فَقَالُوا: «حَسَبَ عَدَدِ أَقْطَابِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ: خَمْسَةَ بَوَاسِيرَ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ، وَخَمْسَةَ فِيرَانٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ. لأَنَّ الضَّرْبَةَ وَاحِدَةٌ عَلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا وَعَلَى أَقْطَابِكُمْ. 4 Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague was on you all, and on your lords.
5 وَاصْنَعُوا تَمَاثِيلَ بَوَاسِيرِكُمْ وَتَمَاثِيلَ فِيرَانِكُمُ الَّتِي تُفْسِدُ الأَرْضَ، وَأَعْطُوا إِلهَ إِسْرَائِيلَ مَجْدًا لَعَلَّهُ يُخَفِّفُ يَدَهُ عَنْكُمْ وَعَنْ آلِهَتِكُمْ وَعَنْ أَرْضِكُمْ.5 Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that mar the land; and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land.
6 وَلِمَاذَا تُغْلِظُونَ قُلُوبَكُمْ كَمَا أَغْلَظَ الْمِصْرِيُّونَ وَفِرْعَوْنُ قُلُوبَهُمْ؟ أَلَيْسَ عَلَى مَا فَعَلَ بِهِمْ أَطْلَقُوهُمْ فَذَهَبُوا؟6 Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had wrought wonderfully among them, did they not let the people go, and they departed?
7 فَالآنَ خُذُوا وَاعْمَلُوا عَجَلَةً وَاحِدَةً جَدِيدَةً وَبَقَرَتَيْنِ مُرْضِعَتَيْنِ لَمْ يَعْلُهُمَا نِيرٌ، وَارْبِطُوا الْبَقَرَتَيْنِ إِلَى الْعَجَلَةِ، وَأَرْجِعُوا وَلَدَيْهِمَا عَنْهُمَا إِلَى الْبَيْتِ.7 Now therefore make a new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them:
8 وَخُذُوا تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ وَاجْعَلُوهُ عَلَى الْعَجَلَةِ، وَضَعُوا أَمْتِعَةَ الذَّهَبِ الَّتِي تَرُدُّونَهَا لَهُ قُرْبَانَ إِثْمٍ فِي صُنْدُوق بِجَانِبِهِ وَأَطْلِقُوهُ فَيَذْهَبَ.8 And take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away, that it may go.
9 وَانْظُرُوا، فَإِنْ صَعِدَ فِي طَرِيقِ تُخُمِهِ إِلَى بَيْتَشَمْسَ فَإِنَّهُ هُوَ الَّذِي فَعَلَ بِنَا هذَا الشَّرَّ الْعَظِيمَ. وَإِلاَّ فَنَعْلَمُ أَنْ يَدَهُ لَمْ تَضْرِبْنَا. كَانَ ذلِكَ عَلَيْنَا عَرَضًا».9 And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that happened to us.
10 فَفَعَلَ الرِّجَالُ كَذلِكَ، وَأَخَذُوا بَقَرَتَيْنِ مُرْضِعَتَيْنِ وَرَبَطُوهُمَا إِلَى الْعَجَلَةِ، وَحَبَسُوا وَلَدَيْهِمَا فِي الْبَيْتِ،10 And the men did so; and took two milch kine, and tied them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home:
11 وَوَضَعُوا تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ عَلَى الْعَجَلَةِ مَعَ الصُّنْدُوقِ وَفِيرَانِ الذَّهَبِ وَتَمَاثِيلِ بَوَاسِيرِهِمْ.11 And they laid the ark of the LORD upon the cart, and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their emerods.
12 فَاسْتَقَامَتِ الْبَقَرَتَانِ فِي الطَّرِيقِ إِلَى طَرِيقِ بَيْتَشَمْسَ، وَكَانَتَا تَسِيرَانِ فِي سِكَّةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَتَجْأَرَانِ، وَلَمْ تَمِيلاَ يَمِينًا وَلاَ شِمَالاً، وَأَقْطَابُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ يَسِيرُونَ وَرَاءَهُمَا إِلَى تُخُمِ بَيْتَشَمْسَ. 12 And the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Bethshemesh.
13 وَكَانَ أَهْلُ بَيْتَشَمْسَ يَحْصُدُونَ حَصَادَ الْحِنْطَةِ فِي الْوَادِي، فَرَفَعُوا أَعْيُنَهُمْ وَرَأَوْا التَّابُوتَ وَفَرِحُوا بِرُؤْيَتِهِ.13 And they of Bethshemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley: and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it.
14 فَأَتَتِ الْعَجَلَةُ إِلَى حَقْلِ يَهُوشَعَ الْبَيْتَشَمْسِيِّ وَوَقَفَتْ هُنَاكَ. وَهُنَاكَ حَجَرٌ كَبِيرٌ. فَشَقَّقُوا خَشَبَ الْعَجَلَةِ وَأَصْعَدُوا الْبَقَرَتَيْنِ مُحْرَقَةً لِلرَّبِّ.14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Bethshemite, and stood there, where there was a great stone: and they clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine a burnt offering unto the LORD.
15 فَأَنْزَلَ اللاَّوِيُّونَ تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ وَالصُّنْدُوقَ الَّذِي مَعَهُ الَّذِي فِيهِ أَمْتِعَةُ الذَّهَبِ وَوَضَعُوهُمَا عَلَى الْحَجَرِ الْكَبِيرِ. وَأَصْعَدَ أَهْلُ بَيْتَشَمْسَ مُحْرَقَاتٍ وَذَبَحُوا ذَبَائِحَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ لِلرَّبِّ.15 And the Levites took down the ark of the LORD, and the coffer that was with it, wherein the jewels of gold were, and put them on the great stone: and the men of Bethshemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day unto the LORD.
16 فَرَأَى أَقْطَابُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ الْخَمْسَةُ وَرَجَعُوا إِلَى عَقْرُونَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ.16 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day.
17 وَهذِهِ هِيَ بَوَاسِيرُ الذَّهَبِ الَّتِي رَدَّهَا الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ قُرْبَانَ إِثْمٍ لِلرَّبِّ: وَاحِدٌ لأَشْدُودَ، وَوَاحِدٌ لِغَزَّةَ، وَوَاحِدٌ لأَشْقَلُونَ، وَوَاحِدٌ لِجَتَّ، وَوَاحِدٌ لِعَقْرُونَ.17 And these are the golden emerods which the Philistines returned for a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;
18 وَفِيرَانُ الذَّهَبِ بِعَدَدِ جَمِيعِ مُدُنِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ لِلْخَمْسَةِ الأَقْطَابِ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ الْمُحَصَّنَةِ إِلَى قَرْيَةِ الصَّحْرَاءِ. وَشَاهِدٌ هُوَ الْحَجَرُ الْكَبِيرُ الَّذِي وَضَعُوا عَلَيْهِ تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ. هُوَ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ فِي حَقْلِ يَهُوشَعَ الْبَيْتِشَمْسِيِّ.18 And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.
19 وَضَرَبَ أَهْلَ بَيْتَشَمْسَ لأَنَّهُمْ نَظَرُوا إِلَى تَابُوتِ الرَّبِّ. وَضَرَبَ مِنَ الشَّعْبِ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ رَجُل وَسَبْعِينَ رَجُلاً. فَنَاحَ الشَّعْبُ لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ ضَرَبَ الشَّعْبَ ضَرْبَةً عَظِيمَةً.19 And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the LORD, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and ten men: and the people lamented, because the LORD had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.
20 وَقَالَ أَهْلُ بَيْتَشَمْسَ: «مَنْ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَقِفَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ الإِلهِ الْقُدُّوسِ هذَا؟ وَإِلَى مَنْ يَصْعَدُ عَنَّا؟»20 And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall he go up from us?
21 وَأَرْسَلُوا رُسُلاً إِلَى سُكَّانِ قَرْيَةِ يَعَارِيمَ قَائِلِينَ: «قَدْ رَدَّ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ، فَانْزِلُوا وَأَصْعِدُوهُ إِلَيْكُمْ».21 And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of the LORD; come ye down, and fetch it up to you.
بواسير ذهب
تماثيل ذهبية عليها أشكال بواسير. انظر بواسير.
تَجْأر
تخور، تصيح.