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تفسير Commentary
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الأول [8] 1Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ لَمَّا شَاخَ صَمُوئِيلُ أَنَّهُ جَعَلَ بَنِيهِ قُضَاةً لإِسْرَائِيلَ.1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
2 وَكَانَ اسْمُ ابْنِهِ الْبِكْرِ يُوئِيلَ، وَاسْمُ ثَانِيهِ أَبِيَّا. كَانَا قَاضِيَيْنِ فِي بِئْرِ سَبْعٍ.2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.
3 وَلَمْ يَسْلُكِ ابْنَاهُ فِي طَرِيقِهِ، بَلْ مَالاَ وَرَاءَ الْمَكْسَبِ، وَأَخَذَا رَشْوَةً وَعَوَّجَا الْقَضَاءَ.3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
4 فَاجْتَمَعَ كُلُّ شُيُوخِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَجَاءُوا إِلَى صَمُوئِيلَ إِلَى الرَّامَةِ4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,
5 وَقَالُوا لَهُ: «هُوَذَا أَنْتَ قَدْ شِخْتَ، وَابْنَاكَ لَمْ يَسِيرَا فِي طَرِيقِكَ. فَالآنَ اجْعَلْ لَنَا مَلِكًا يَقْضِي لَنَا كَسَائِرِ الشُّعُوبِ».5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.
6 فَسَاءَ الأَمْرُ فِي عَيْنَيْ صَمُوئِيلَ إِذْ قَالُوا: «أَعْطِنَا مَلِكًا يَقْضِي لَنَا». وَصَلَّى صَمُوئِيلُ إِلَى الرَّبِّ.6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
7 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِصَمُوئِيلَ: «اسْمَعْ لِصَوْتِ الشَّعْبِ فِي كُلِّ مَا يَقُولُونَ لَكَ، لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَرْفُضُوكَ أَنْتَ بَلْ إِيَّايَ رَفَضُوا حَتَّى لاَ أَمْلِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ.7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
8 حَسَبَ كُلِّ أَعْمَالِهِمِ الَّتِي عَمِلُوا مِنْ يَوْمِ أَصْعَدْتُهُمْ مِنْ مِصْرَ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ وَتَرَكُونِي وَعَبَدُوا آلِهَةً أُخْرَى، هكَذَا هُمْ عَامِلُونَ بِكَ أَيْضًا.8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
9 فَالآنَ اسْمَعْ لِصَوْتِهِمْ. وَلكِنْ أَشْهِدَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَخْبِرْهُمْ بِقَضَاءِ الْمَلِكِ الَّذِي يَمْلِكُ عَلَيْهِمْ».9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and show them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
10 فَكَلَّمَ صَمُوئِيلُ الشَّعْبَ الَّذِينَ طَلَبُوا مِنْهُ مَلِكًا بِجَمِيعِ كَلاَمِ الرَّبِّ،10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.
11 وَقَالَ: «هذَا يَكُونُ قَضَاءُ الْمَلِكِ الَّذِي يَمْلِكُ عَلَيْكُمْ: يَأْخُذُ بَنِيكُمْ وَيَجْعَلُهُمْ لِنَفْسِهِ، لِمَرَاكِبِهِ وَفُرْسَانِهِ، فَيَرْكُضُونَ أَمَامَ مَرَاكِبِهِ.11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.
12 وَيَجْعَلُ لِنَفْسِهِ رُؤَسَاءَ أُلُوفٍ وَرُؤَسَاءَ خَمَاسِينَ، فَيَحْرُثُونَ حَرَاثَتَهُ وَيَحْصُدُونَ حَصَادَهُ، وَيَعْمَلُونَ عُدَّةَ حَرْبِهِ وَأَدَوَاتِ مَرَاكِبِهِ.12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
13 وَيَأْخُذُ بَنَاتِكُمْ عَطَّارَاتٍ وَطَبَّاخَاتٍ وَخَبَّازَاتٍ.13 And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
14 وَيَأْخُذُ حُقُولَكُمْ وَكُرُومَكُمْ وَزَيْتُونَكُمْ، أَجْوَدَهَا وَيُعْطِيهَا لِعَبِيدِهِ.14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
15 وَيُعَشِّرُ زُرُوعَكُمْ وَكُرُومَكُمْ، وَيُعْطِي لِخِصْيَانِهِ وَعَبِيدِهِ.15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
16 وَيَأْخُذُ عَبِيدَكُمْ وَجَوَارِيَكُمْ وَشُبَّانَكُمُ الْحِسَانَ وَحَمِيرَكُمْ وَيَسْتَعْمِلُهُمْ لِشُغْلِهِ.16 And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.
17 وَيُعَشِّرُ غَنَمَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَكُونُونَ لَهُ عَبِيدًا.17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.
18 فَتَصْرُخُونَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ مِنْ وَجْهِ مَلِكِكُمُ الَّذِي اخْتَرْتُمُوهُ لأَنْفُسِكُمْ، فَلاَ يَسْتَجِيبُ لَكُمُ الرَّبُّ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ».18 And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.
19 فَأَبَى الشَّعْبُ أَنْ يَسْمَعُوا لِصَوْتِ صَمُوئِيلَ، وَقَالُوا: «لاَ بَلْ يَكُونُ عَلَيْنَا مَلِكٌ،19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us;
20 فَنَكُونُ نَحْنُ أَيْضًا مِثْلَ سَائِرِ الشُّعُوبِ، وَيَقْضِي لَنَا مَلِكُنَا وَيَخْرُجُ أَمَامَنَا وَيُحَارِبُ حُرُوبَنَا».20 That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.
21 فَسَمِعَ صَمُوئِيلُ كُلَّ كَلاَمِ الشَّعْبِ وَتَكَلَّمَ بِهِ فِي أُذُنَيِ الرَّبِّ.21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.
22 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِصَمُوئِيلَ: «اسْمَعْ لِصَوْتِهِمْ وَمَلِّكْ عَلَيْهِمْ مَلِكًا». فَقَالَ صَمُوئِيلُ لِرِجَالِ إِسْرَائِيلَ: «اذْهَبُوا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى مَدِينَتِهِ».22 And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.